Topic

# Moving target indication

About: Moving target indication is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2653 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 32435 citation(s).

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01 Jan 2008

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a generalization of the likelihood ratio test for MIMO radar, which is used for target localization in clutter-free environments, as well as to evaluate the performance of a single-input single-out (SISO) system with multiple-output (MISO) receivers.

Abstract: PREFACE. CONTRIBUTORS. 1 MIMO Radar - Diversity Means Superiority (Jian Li and Petre Stoica). 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Problem Formulation. 1.3 Parameter Identifiability. 1.4 Nonparametric Adaptive Techniques for Parameter Estimation. 1.5 Parametric Techniques for Parameter Estimation. 1.6 Transmit Beampattern Designs. 1.7 Conclusions. Appendix IA Generalized Likelihood Ratio Test. Appendix 1B Lemma and Proof. Acknowledgments. References. 2 MIMO Radar: Concepts, Performance Enhancements, and Applications (Keith W. Forsythe and Daniel W. Bliss). 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Notation. 2.3 MIMO Radar Virtual Aperture. 2.4 MIMO Radar in Clutter-Free Environments. 2.5 Optimality of MIMO Radar for Detection. 2.6 MIMO Radar with Moving Targets in Clutter: GMTI Radars. 2.7 Summary. Appendix 2A A Localization Principle. Appendix 2B Bounds on R(N). Appendix 2C An Operator Norm Inequality. Appendix 2D Negligible Terms. Appendix 2E Bound on Eigenvalues. Appendix 2F Some Inner Products. Appendix 2G An Invariant Inner Product. Appendix 2H Kronecker and Tensor Products. Acknowledgments. References. 3 Generalized MIMO Radar Ambiguity Functions (Geoffrey San Antonio, Daniel R. Fuhrmann, and Frank C. Robey). 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Background. 3.3 MIMO Signal Model. 3.4 MIMO Parametric Channel Model. 3.5 MIMO Ambiguity Function. 3.6 Results and Examples. 3.7 Conclusion. References. 4 Performance Bounds and Techniques for Target Localization Using MIMO Radars (Joseph Tabrikian). 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Problem Formulation. 4.3 Properties. 4.4 Target Localization. 4.5 Performance Lower Bound for Target Localization. 4.6 Simulation Results. 4.7 Discussion and Conclusions. Appendix 4A Log-Likelihood Derivation. Appendix 4B Transmit-Receive Pattern Derivation. Appendix 4C Fisher Information Matrix Derivation. References. 5 Adaptive Signal Design For MIMO Radars (Benjamin Friedlander). 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Problem Formulation. 5.3 Estimation. 5.4 Detection. 5.5 MIMO Radar and Phased Arrays. Appendix 5A Theoretical SINR Calculation. References. 6 MIMO Radar Spacetime Adaptive Processing and Signal Design (Chun-Yang Chen and P. P. Vaidyanathan). 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 The Virtual Array Concept. 6.3 Spacetime Adaptive Processing in MIMO Radar. 6.4 Clutter Subspace in MIMO Radar. 6.5 New STAP Method for MIMO Radar. 6.6 Numerical Examples. 6.7 Signal Design of the STAP Radar System. 6.8 Conclusions. Acknowledgments. References. 7 Slow-Time MIMO SpaceTime Adaptive Processing (Vito F. Mecca, Dinesh Ramakrishnan, Frank C. Robey, and Jeffrey L. Krolik). 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 SIMO Radar Modeling and Processing. 7.3 Slow-Time MIMO Radar Modeling. 7.4 Slow-Time MIMO Radar Processing. 7.5 OTHr Propagation and Clutter Model. 7.6 Simulations Examples. 7.7 Conclusion. Acknowledgment. References. 8 MIMO as a Distributed Radar System (H. D. Griffiths, C. J. Baker, P. F. Sammartino, and M. Rangaswamy). 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Systems. 8.3 Performance. 8.4 Conclusions. Acknowledgment. References. 9 Concepts and Applications of A MIMO Radar System with Widely Separated Antennas (Hana Godrich, Alexander M. Haimovich, and Rick S. Blum). 9.1 Background. 9.2 MIMO Radar Concept. 9.3 NonCoherent MIMO Radar Applications. 9.4 Coherent MIMO Radar Applications. 9.5 Chapter Summary. Appendix 9A Deriving the FIM. Appendix 9B Deriving the CRLB on the Location Estimate Error. Appendix 9C MLE of Time Delays - Error Statistics. Appendix 9D Deriving the Lowest GDOP for Special Cases. Acknowledgments. References. 10 SpaceTime Coding for MIMO Radar (Antonio De Maio and Marco Lops). 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 System Model. 10.3 Detection In MIMO Radars. 10.4 Spacetime Code Design. 10.5 The Interplay Between STC and Detection Performance. 10.6 Numerical Results. 10.7 Adaptive Implementation. 10.8 Conclusions. Acknowledgment. References. INDEX.

896 citations

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Philips

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, the effects of noise reflected back from the transmitter to the receiver and the application of moving target indication to FMCW radars are considered, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the system and how the weaknesses can be mitigated.

Abstract: Frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar uses a very low probability of intercept waveform, which is also well suited to make good use of simple solid-state transmitters. FMCW is finding applications in such diverse fields as naval tactical navigation radars, smart ammunition sensors and automotive radars. The paper discusses some features of FMCW radar which are not dealt with in much detail in the generally available literature. In particular, it discusses the effects of noise reflected back from the transmitter to the receiver and the application of moving target indication to FMCW radars. Some of the strengths and weaknesses of FMCW radar are considered. The paper describes how the strengths are utilised in some systems and how the weaknesses can be mitigated. It also discusses a modern implementation of a reflected power canceller, which can be used to suppress the leakage between the transmitter and the receiver, a well known problem with continous wave radars.

840 citations

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01 Jan 2002

TL;DR: In this article, a systematic introduction to airborne MTI (moving target indication) system design for use in the fields of earth observation, surveillance and reconnaissance, with particular regard to the suppression of clutter returns is presented.

Abstract: This book presents a systematic introduction to airborne MTI (moving target indication) system design for use in the fields of earth observation, surveillance and reconnaissance, with particular regard to the suppression of clutter returns. New developments in the field and special aspects of airborne MTI radar are included and make this book the definitive text on the principles of STAP.

700 citations

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09 Nov 2003TL;DR: In this paper, radar is discussed in the context of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system model and examples are given showing that many traditional radar approaches can be interpreted within a MIMO context.

Abstract: In this paper, radar is discussed in the context of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system model. A comparison is made between MIMO wireless communication and MIMO radar. Examples are given showing that many traditional radar approaches can be interpreted within a MIMO context. Furthermore, exploiting this MIMO perspective, useful extensions to traditional radar can be constructed. Performance advantages in terms of degrees of freedom and resolution are discussed. Finally, a MlMO extension to space-time adaptive processing (STAP) is introduced as applied to ground moving-target indication (GMTI).

650 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of slowly moving targets as they appear in the output of an airborne coherent side-looking synthetic aperture imaging radar are considered, and two approaches to airborne moving target indication (AMTI) are summarized.

Abstract: This paper considers the effects of slowly moving targets as they appear in the output of an airborne coherent side-looking synthetic aperture imaging radar. The image of a moving reflector is described, and two approaches to airborne moving target indication (AMTI) are summarized. It is shown that the effects of target movement are decreased as the radar scan rate is increased, and are increased as the (Doppler processed) compression ratio is increased.

543 citations