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# Navier–Stokes equations

About: Navier–Stokes equations is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 18180 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 552555 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Navier-Stokes equations.

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TL;DR: In this article, a new eddy viscosity model is presented which alleviates many of the drawbacks of the existing subgrid-scale stress models, such as the inability to represent correctly with a single universal constant different turbulent fields in rotating or sheared flows, near solid walls, or in transitional regimes.

Abstract: One major drawback of the eddy viscosity subgrid‐scale stress models used in large‐eddy simulations is their inability to represent correctly with a single universal constant different turbulent fields in rotating or sheared flows, near solid walls, or in transitional regimes. In the present work a new eddy viscosity model is presented which alleviates many of these drawbacks. The model coefficient is computed dynamically as the calculation progresses rather than input a priori. The model is based on an algebraic identity between the subgrid‐scale stresses at two different filtered levels and the resolved turbulent stresses. The subgrid‐scale stresses obtained using the proposed model vanish in laminar flow and at a solid boundary, and have the correct asymptotic behavior in the near‐wall region of a turbulent boundary layer. The results of large‐eddy simulations of transitional and turbulent channel flow that use the proposed model are in good agreement with the direct simulation data.

6,329 citations

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AeroVironment

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, a new finite element formulation for convection dominated flows is developed, based on the streamline upwind concept, which provides an accurate multidimensional generalization of optimal one-dimensional upwind schemes.

Abstract: A new finite element formulation for convection dominated flows is developed. The basis of the formulation is the streamline upwind concept, which provides an accurate multidimensional generalization of optimal one-dimensional upwind schemes. When implemented as a consistent Petrov-Galerkin weighted residual method, it is shown that the new formulation is not subject to the artificial diffusion criticisms associated with many classical upwind methods. The accuracy of the streamline upwind/Petrov-Galerkin formulation for the linear advection diffusion equation is demonstrated on several numerical examples. The formulation is extended to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. An efficient implicit pressure/explicit velocity transient algorithm is developed which accomodates several treatments of the incompressibility constraint and allows for multiple iterations within a time step. The effectiveness of the algorithm is demonstrated on the problem of vortex shedding from a circular cylinder at a Reynolds number of 100.

4,827 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a finite-difference method for solving the time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations for an incompressible fluid is introduced, which is equally applicable to problems in two and three space dimensions.

Abstract: A finite-difference method for solving the time-dependent Navier- Stokes equations for an incompressible fluid is introduced. This method uses the primitive variables, i.e. the velocities and the pressure, and is equally applicable to problems in two and three space dimensions. Test problems are solved, and an ap- plication to a three-dimensional convection problem is presented.

4,613 citations

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01 Jan 1979TL;DR: This paper presents thediscretization of the Navier-Stokes Equations: General Stability and Convergence Theorems, and describes the development of the Curl Operator and its application to the Steady-State Naviers' Equations.

Abstract: I. The Steady-State Stokes Equations . 1. Some Function Spaces. 2. Existence and Uniqueness for the Stokes Equations. 3. Discretization of the Stokes Equations (I). 4. Discretization of the Stokes Equations (II). 5. Numerical Algorithms. 6. The Penalty Method. II. The Steady-State Navier-Stokes Equations . 1. Existence and Uniqueness Theorems. 2. Discrete Inequalities and Compactness Theorems. 3. Approximation of the Stationary Navier-Stokes Equations. 4. Bifurcation Theory and Non-Uniqueness Results. III. The Evolution Navier-Stokes Equations . 1. The Linear Case. 2. Compactness Theorems. 3. Existence and Uniqueness Theorems. (n < 4). 4. Alternate Proof of Existence by Semi-Discretization. 5. Discretization of the Navier-Stokes Equations: General Stability and Convergence Theorems. 6. Discretization of the Navier-Stokes Equations: Application of the General Results. 7. Approximation of the Navier-Stokes Equations by the Projection Method. 8. Approximation of the Navier-Stokes Equations by the Artificial Compressibility Method. Appendix I: Properties of the Curl Operator and Application to the Steady-State Navier-Stokes Equations. Appendix II. (by F. Thomasset): Implementation of Non-Conforming Linear Finite Elements. Comments.

4,246 citations

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26 Feb 1977

TL;DR: Schiff's base dichloroacetamides having the formula OR2 PARALLEL HCCl2-C-N ANGLE R1 in which R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkenyl, alkyl, alkynyl and alkoxyalkyl; and R2 is selected by selecting R2 from the groups consisting of lower alkylimino, cyclohexenyl-1 and lower alkynyl substituted cycloenenyl -1 as discussed by the authors.

Abstract: Schiff's base dichloroacetamides having the formula OR2 PARALLEL HCCl2-C-N ANGLE R1 in which R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkenyl, alkyl, alkynyl and alkoxyalkyl; and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkenyl-1, lower alkylimino, cyclohexenyl-1 and lower alkyl substituted cyclohexenyl-1. The compounds of this invention are useful as herbicidal antidotes.

4,203 citations