About: Nitrite is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 15425 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 484581 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Oct 1982-Analytical Biochemistry
TL;DR: A new automated system for the analysis of nitrate via reduction with a high-pressure cadmium column that automatically eliminates interference from other compounds normally present in urine and other biological fluids is described.
Abstract: A new automated system for the analysis of nitrate via reduction with a high-pressure cadmium column is described. Samples of urine, saliva, deproteinized plasma, gastric juice, and milk can be analyzed for nitrate, nitrite, or both with a lower limit of detection of 1.0 nmol NO 3 − or NO 2 − /ml. The system allows quantitative reduction of nitrate and automatically eliminates interference from other compounds normally present in urine and other biological fluids. Analysis rate is 30 samples per hour, with preparation for most samples limited to simple dilution with distilled water. The application of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for the analysis of 15 NO 3 − in urine after derivatization to 15 NO 2 -benzene is also described.
01 Feb 2001-Nitric Oxide
TL;DR: A method for simultaneous evaluation of nitrate and nitrite concentrations in a microtiter plate format is developed and S-Nitrosothiols and L-arginine derivatives were found to be potential interfering agents.
Abstract: Numerous methods are available for measurement of nitrate (NO(-)(3)). However, these assays can either be time consuming or require specialized equipment (e.g., nitrate reductase, chemiluminescent detector). We have developed a method for simultaneous evaluation of nitrate and nitrite concentrations in a microtiter plate format. The principle of this assay is reduction of nitrate by vanadium(III) combined with detection by the acidic Griess reaction. This assay is sensitive to 0.5 microM NO(-)(3) and is useful in a variety of fluids including cell culture media, serum, and plasma. S-Nitrosothiols and L-arginine derivatives were found to be potential interfering agents. However, these compounds are generally minor constituents of biological fluids relative to the concentration of nitrate/nitrite. This report introduces a new, convenient assay for the stable oxidation products of nitrogen oxide chemistry in biological samples.
••01 Jan 1996
TL;DR: In this article, Bremner et al. defined the nonexchangeable NHt as the NHt in soil that cannot be replaced by a neutral potassium salt solution (SSSA, 1987), in contrast to NHt which is extractable at room temperature with such a solution.
Abstract: Most soils contain inorganic nitrogen (N) in the form of ammonium (NHt) and nitrate (NO)"). Nitrite (NOz) also may be present, but the amount is usually too small to warrant its determination, except in cases where NHt or NHt-forming fertilizers are applied to neutral or alkaline soils. Several other forms of inorganic N have been proposed as intermediates during microbial transformations of N in soils, including hydroxylamine (NH20H), hyponitrous acid (H2N20 2), and nitramide (NH2N02), but these compounds are thermodynamically unstable and have not been detected in soil. Until the 1950s, inorganic N was believed to account for <2% of total soil N, on the assumption that NHt and NO)" are completely recovered by extracting soil with a neutral salt solution. The validity of this assumption was challenged by the finding that some soils contain NHt in a form that is not extracted by exchange with other cations (e.g., Rodrigues, 1954; Dhariwal & Stevenson, 1958; Stevenson & Dhariwal, 1959; Bremner & Harada, 1959; Bremner, 1959; Schachtschabel, 1960, 1961; Young, 1962), and by estimates that the proportion of soil N in this form can exceed 50% for some subsurface soils (Stevenson & Dhariwal, 1959; Young, 1962). In such cases, NHt is said to be fixed, and fixed NHt has subsequently been defined as the NHt in soil that cannot be replaced by a neutral potassium salt solution (SSSA, 1987), such as 1 or 2 M KCI or 0.5 M K2S04, in contrast to exchangeable NHt, which is extractable at room temperature with such a solution. Existing information indicates that fixed NHt occurs largely, if not entirely, between the layers of 2: I-type clay minerals, particularly vermiculite and illite (hydrous mica), and that fixation results from entrapment of NHt in ditrigonal voids in the exposed surfaces upon contraction of the clay lattice (Nommik & Vahtras, 1982). The term, nonexchangeable NHt, has been used by Bremner (1965) and Keeney and Nelson (1982) in previous editions of this publication as a more precise alternative to fixed NHt. The same term is used in the present treatment, with specific reference to NHt determined by the method described in "Determination of Nonexchangeable Ammonium," which involves digestion with an HF-HCI solution following treatment of the soil with alkaline KOBr to remove exchangeable NHt and labile organic-N compounds.
TL;DR: In this article, an analysis for the rapid determination of nitrate-N in plant extracts is described. And the complex formed by nitration of salicylic acid under highly acidic conditions absorbs maximally at 410 nm in basic (pH>12) solutions.
Abstract: An analysis is described for the rapid determination of nitrate‐N in plant extracts. The complex formed by nitration of salicylic acid under highly acidic conditions absorbs maximally at 410 nm in basic (pH>12) solutions. Absorbance of the chromophore is directly proportional to the amount of nitrate‐N present. Ammonium, nitrite, and chloride ions do not interfere.
TL;DR: This Review discusses the emerging important biological functions of the nitrate–nitrite–NO pathway, and highlights studies that implicate the therapeutic potential of nitrate and nitrite in conditions such as myocardial infarction, stroke, systemic and pulmonary hypertension, and gastric ulceration.
Abstract: The inorganic anions nitrate (NO3-) and nitrite (NO2-) were previously thought to be inert end products of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) metabolism However, recent studies show that these supposedly inert anions can be recycled in vivo to form NO, representing an important alternative source of NO to the classical L-arginine-NO-synthase pathway, in particular in hypoxic states This Review discusses the emerging important biological functions of the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway, and highlights studies that implicate the therapeutic potential of nitrate and nitrite in conditions such as myocardial infarction, stroke, systemic and pulmonary hypertension, and gastric ulceration
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