Topic

# Noise temperature

About: Noise temperature is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 11742 publications have been published within this topic receiving 162292 citations.

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BBN Technologies

^{1}TL;DR: This paper describes a method for enhancing speech corrupted by broadband noise based on the spectral noise subtraction method, which can automatically adapt to a wide range of signal-to-noise ratios, as long as a reasonable estimate of the noise spectrum can be obtained.

Abstract: This paper describes a method for enhancing speech corrupted by broadband noise. The method is based on the spectral noise subtraction method. The original method entails subtracting an estimate of the noise power spectrum from the speech power spectrum, setting negative differences to zero, recombining the new power spectrum with the original phase, and then reconstructing the time waveform. While this method reduces the broadband noise, it also usually introduces an annoying "musical noise". We have devised a method that eliminates this "musical noise" while further reducing the background noise. The method consists in subtracting an overestimate of the noise power spectrum, and preventing the resultant spectral components from going below a preset minimum level (spectral floor). The method can automatically adapt to a wide range of signal-to-noise ratios, as long as a reasonable estimate of the noise spectrum can be obtained. Extensive listening tests were performed to determine the quality and intelligibility of speech enhanced by our method. Listeners unanimously preferred the quality of the processed speech. Also, for an input signal-to-noise ratio of 5 dB, there was no loss of intelligibility associated with the enhancement technique.

1,352 citations

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01 Jan 1986

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors propose a method to generate 1/f noise noise in particular Amplifier Circuits Mixers by using thermal noise shot and flicker noise, respectively.

Abstract: Mathematical Methods Noise Characterization Noise Measurements Thermal Noise Shot Noise Generation - Recombination Noise Flicker Noise or 1/f Noise Noise in Particular Amplifier Circuits Mixers Miscellaneous Problems Appendixes Index.

1,134 citations

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TL;DR: A companion analysis of clock jitter and phase noise of single-ended and differential ring oscillators is presented in this paper, where the impulse sensitivity functions are used to derive expressions for the jitter.

Abstract: A companion analysis of clock jitter and phase noise of single-ended and differential ring oscillators is presented. The impulse sensitivity functions are used to derive expressions for the jitter and phase noise of ring oscillators. The effect of the number of stages, power dissipation, frequency of oscillation, and short-channel effects on the jitter and phase noise of ring oscillators is analyzed. Jitter and phase noise due to substrate and supply noise is discussed, and the effect of symmetry on the upconversion of 1/f noise is demonstrated. Several new design insights are given for low jitter/phase-noise design. Good agreement between theory and measurements is observed.

1,059 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, the phase noise in two inductorless CMOS oscillators is analyzed and a new definition of phase noise is defined, and two prototypes fabricated in a 0.5/spl mu/m CMOS technology are used to investigate the accuracy of the theoretical predictions.

Abstract: This paper presents a study of phase noise in two inductorless CMOS oscillators. First-order analysis of a linear oscillatory system leads to a noise shaping function and a new definition of Q. A linear model of CMOS ring oscillators is used to calculate their phase noise, and three phase noise phenomena, namely, additive noise, high-frequency multiplicative noise, and low-frequency multiplicative noise, are identified and formulated. Based on the same concepts, a CMOS relaxation oscillator is also analyzed. Issues and techniques related to simulation of noise in the time domain are described, and two prototypes fabricated in a 0.5-/spl mu/m CMOS technology are used to investigate the accuracy of the theoretical predictions. Compared with the measured results, the calculated phase noise values of a 2-GHz ring oscillator and a 900-MHz relaxation oscillator at 5 MHz offset have an error of approximately 4 dB.

1,012 citations

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TL;DR: A statistical model of the time behavior of random impulsive noise based on a partitioned Markov chain is developed, which is suitable for implementation in computer-based communication system simulations.

Abstract: Contrary to many other communication channels, the powerline channel does not represent an additive white Gaussian noise environment. In the frequency range from several hundred kilohertz up to 20 MHz, it is mostly dominated by narrow-band interference and impulsive noise. In particular, the impulsive noise introduces significant time variance into the powerline channel. Spectral analysis and time-domain analysis of impulsive noise give some figures of the power spectral density as well as distributions of amplitude, impulse width, and "interarrival" times in typical powerline scenarios. Furthermore, the impulse rate and the disturbance ratio of the scenarios are examined. Finally, a statistical model of the time behavior of random impulsive noise based on a partitioned Markov chain is developed, which is suitable for implementation in computer-based communication system simulations.

965 citations