About: Non-blocking I/O is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 8749 publications have been published within this topic receiving 231466 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors proposed a mechanism in which CO adsorbed on gold particles migrates toward the perimeter on support oxides and there it reacts with oxygen to form bidentate carbonate species.
Abstract: Gold can be highly dispersed on a variety of metal oxides by coprecipitation and deposition-precipitation followed by calcination in air. The small gold particles are hemispherical in shape and stabilized by epitaxial contact, dislocations, or contact with an amorphous oxide layer. Such supported gold differs in catalytic nature from unsupported gold particles and exhibits high catalytic activities for low-temperature oxidation of CO. Especially, gold supported on TiO 2 , α-Fe 2 O 3 , Co 3 O 4 , NiO, Be(OH) 2 , and Mg(OH) 2 is very active even at temperatures below 0°C. Among the gold catalysts supported on TiO 2 , α-Fe 2 O 3 , and Co 3 O 4 the turnover frequencies for CO oxidation per surface gold atom are almost independent of the kind of support oxides used and increase sharply with a decrease in diameter of gold particles below 4 nm. Small gold particles not only provide the sites for the reversible adsorption of CO but also appreciably increase the amount of oxygen adsorbed on the support oxides. In the temperature range −10 to 65°C, the activation energies for CO oxidation were 8.2 kcal/mol (Au/TiO 2 ), 8.4 kcal/mol (Au/α-Fe 2 O 3 ), and 3.9 kcal/mol (Au/Co 3 O 4 ). The rate of CO oxidation is zero order with respect to CO for the three catalysts, and 0.2-0.3 for Au/TiO 2 and Au/Co 3 O 4 and zero order for Au/α-Fe 2 O 3 with respect to O 2 . By taking into consideration TPD and FT-IR data, a mechanism is proposed in which CO adsorbed on gold particles migrates toward the perimeter on support oxides and there it reacts with adsorbed oxygen to form bidentate carbonate species. The decomposition of the carbonate intermediate is considered to be rate-determining.
TL;DR: The growth approach offers a new technique for the design and synthesis of transition metal oxide or hydroxide hierarchical nanoarrays that are promising for electrochemical energy storage, catalysis, and gas sensing applications.
Abstract: The high performance of a pseudocapacitor electrode relies largely on a scrupulous design of nanoarchitectures and smart hybridization of bespoke active materials We present a powerful two-step solution-based method for the fabrication of transition metal oxide core/shell nanostructure arrays on various conductive substrates Demonstrated examples include Co3O4 or ZnO nanowire core and NiO nanoflake shells with a hierarchical and porous morphology The “oriented attachment” and “self-assembly” crystal growth mechanisms are proposed to explain the formation of the NiO nanoflake shell Supercapacitor electrodes based on the Co3O4/NiO nanowire arrays on 3D macroporous nickel foam are thoroughly characterized The electrodes exhibit a high specific capacitance of 853 F/g at 2 A/g after 6000 cycles and an excellent cycling stability, owing to the unique porous core/shell nanowire array architecture, and a rational combination of two electrochemically active materials Our growth approach offers a new techniqu
TL;DR: It is found that NiO nanosheets (NiO NSs) are bonded strongly to graphene through oxygen bridges, which allows a high reversible capacity and excellent rate performance.
Abstract: Graphene has been widely used to dramatically improve the capacity, rate capability, and cycling performance of nearly any electrode material for batteries. However, the binding between graphene and these electrode materials has not been clearly elucidated. Here we report oxygen bridges between graphene with oxygen functional groups and NiO from analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy and confirm the conformation of oxygen bridges by the first-principles calculations. We found that NiO nanosheets (NiO NSs) are bonded strongly to graphene through oxygen bridges. The oxygen bridges mainly originate from the pinning of hydroxyl/epoxy groups from graphene on the Ni atoms of NiO NSs. The calculated adsorption energies (1.37 and 1.84 eV for graphene with hydroxyl and epoxy) of a Ni adatom on oxygenated graphene by binding with oxygen are comparable with that on graphene (1.26 eV). However, the calculated diffusion barriers of the Ni adatom on...
TL;DR: In this article, the hierarchical porous NiO nano/micro superstructures were obtained from the precursor by a simple calcination procedure, which achieved a specific capacitance of 710 F g−1 at 1 A g −1 and offered a good capacitance retention of ca. 98% after 2000 continuous charge discharge cycles.
Abstract: We report a practical and efficient strategy for synthesizing hierarchical (meso- and macro-)porous NiO nano/micro spherical superstructures. First, β-Ni(OH)2 microspheres were self-assembled based on the coalescence and Ostwald-ripening mechanisms during refluxing in an alkaline solution with Ni(NH3)x2+ at 97 °C for 1 h under vigorous stirring. Second, hierarchical porous NiO microsphere superstructures were obtained from the precursor by a simple calcination procedure. The resulting superstructures comprised two-dimensional mesoporous NiO petal building blocks. Electrochemical data demonstrated that the hierarchical porous NiO nano/micro superstructures were capable of delivering a specific capacitance of 710 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 and offered a good specific capacitance retention of ca. 98% after 2000 continuous charge-discharge cycles. This indicates that we successfully met key requirements in terms of large specific energy density, high-rate capability and good electrochemical stability. We would expect our superstructures to be good candidates for a low-cost replacement for the state-of-the-art supercapacitor material RuO2.
TL;DR: In this article, a semitransparent thin film pin diode consisting of p-type nickel oxide (NiO) semiconductors was fabricated on a glass substrate and an average transmittance above 20% in the visible range was achieved.
Abstract: Transparent and conductive thin films consisting of p -type nickel oxide (NiO) semiconductors were prepared by r.f. magnetron sputtering. A resistivity of 1.4 × 10 −1 ohms cm and a hole concentration of 1.3 × 10 19 cm −3 were obtained for non-intentionally doped NiO films prepared at a substrate temperature of 200°C in a pure oxygen sputtering gas. An average transmittance of about 40% in the visible range was obtained for a 110 nm thick NiO film. A semitransparent thin film pin diode consisting of p -NiO/i-NiO/i-ZnO/ n -ZnO layer having a voltage-current rectification characteristic and an average transmittance above 20% in the visible range was fabricated on a glass substrate.