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Non-random two-liquid model

About: Non-random two-liquid model is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3669 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 67813 citation(s). The topic is also known as: NRTL. more

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Journal ArticleDOI
D. S. Abrams1, John M. Prausnitz1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1975-Aiche Journal
Abstract: To obtain a semi-theoretical equation for the excess Gibbs energy of a liquid mixture, Guggenheim's quasi-chemical analysis is generalized through introduction of the local area fraction as the primary concentration variable. The resulting universal quasi-chemical (UNIQUAC) equation uses only two adjustable parameters per binary. Extension to multicomponent systems requires no ternary (or higher) parameters. The UNIQUAC equation gives good representation of both vapor-liquid and liquid-liquid equilibria for binary and multicomponent mixtures containing a variety of nonelectrolyte components such as hydrocarbons, ketones, esters, amines, alcohols, nitriles, etc., and water. When well-defined simplifying assumptions are introduced into the generalized quasi-chemical treatment, the UNIQUAC equation reduces to any one of several well-known equations for the excess Gibbs energy, including the Wilson, Margules, van Laar, and NRTL equations. The effects of molecular size and shape are introduced through structural parameters obtained from pure-component data and through use of Staverman's combinatorial entropy as a boundary condition for athermal mixtures. The UNIQUAC equation, therefore, is applicable also to polymer solutions. more

3,856 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Nov 1975-Aiche Journal
Abstract: A group-contribution method is presented for the prediction of activity coefficients in nonelectrolyte liquid mixtures. The method combines the solution-of-functional-groups concept with a model for activity coefficients based on an extension of the quasi chemical theory of liquid mixtures (UNIQUAC). The resulting UNIFAC model (UNIQUAC Functional-group Activity Coefficients) contains two adjustable parameters per pair of functional groups. By using group-interaction parameters obtained from data reduction, activity coefficients in a large number of binary and multicomponent mixtures may be predicted, often with good accuracy. This is demonstrated for mixtures containing water, hydrocarbons, alcohols, chlorides, nitriles, ketones, amines, and other organic fluids in the temperature range 275° to 400°K. more

2,607 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Several years ago a modified UNIFAC (Dortmund, FRG) method was proposed, which shows various advantages when compared with the group contribution methods UNIFAC or ASOG; the latter are used worldwide for the synthesis and design of rectification processes. These advantages were reached by using a modified combinatorial part and by using a large data base to fit temperature-dependent group interaction parameters simultaneously to vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE), liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE), h E , and γ ∞ data. The main advantages of the modified UNIFAC method are a better description of the temperature dependence and the real behavior in the dilute region and that it can be applied more reliably for systems involving molecules very different in size. To increase the range of this applicability, the temperature-dependent group interaction parameters of the modified UNIFAC has been fitted for 45 main groups using phase equilibrium information (VLE, h E , γ ∞, LLE) stored in the Dortmund Data Bank. A comprehensive comparison with the results of other group contribution methods confirms the high reliability of the modified UNIFAC (Dortmund) method more

1,224 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Chau-Chyun Chen1, Lawrence B. Evans2Institutions (2)
01 Mar 1986-Aiche Journal
Abstract: The electrolyte nonrandom two-liquid (NRTL) model proposed by Chen et al. (1982) is generalized to represent the excess Gibbs energy of aqueous multicomponent electrolyte systems. Using only binary parameters, the model correlates and predicts the deviation from ideality of aqueous multicomponent electrolyte systems over the entire range of temperature and concentration. more

758 citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

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