Topic

# Nonholonomic system

About: Nonholonomic system is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 5966 publications have been published within this topic receiving 125443 citations.

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22 Mar 1994

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a detailed overview of the history of multifingered hands and dextrous manipulation, and present a mathematical model for steerable and non-driveable hands.

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Brief History. Multifingered Hands and Dextrous Manipulation. Outline of the Book. Bibliography. RIGID BODY MOTION: Rigid Body Transformations. Rotational Motion in R3. Rigid Motion in R3. Velocity of a Rigid Body. Wrenches and Reciprocal Screws. MANIPULATOR KINEMATICS: Introduction. Forward Kinematics. Inverse Kinematics. The Manipulator Jacobian. Redundant and Parallel Manipulators. ROBOT DYNAMICS AND CONTROL: Introduction. Lagrange's Equations. Dynamics of Open-Chain Manipulators. Lyapunov Stability Theory. Position Control and Trajectory Tracking. Control of Constrained Manipulators. MULTIFINGERED HAND KINEMATICS: Introduction to Grasping. Grasp Statics. Force-Closure. Grasp Planning. Grasp Constraints. Rolling Contact Kinematics. HAND DYNAMICS AND CONTROL: Lagrange's Equations with Constraints. Robot Hand Dynamics. Redundant and Nonmanipulable Robot Systems. Kinematics and Statics of Tendon Actuation. Control of Robot Hands. NONHOLONOMIC BEHAVIOR IN ROBOTIC SYSTEMS: Introduction. Controllability and Frobenius' Theorem. Examples of Nonholonomic Systems. Structure of Nonholonomic Systems. NONHOLONOMIC MOTION PLANNING: Introduction. Steering Model Control Systems Using Sinusoids. General Methods for Steering. Dynamic Finger Repositioning. FUTURE PROSPECTS: Robots in Hazardous Environments. Medical Applications for Multifingered Hands. Robots on a Small Scale: Microrobotics. APPENDICES: Lie Groups and Robot Kinematics. A Mathematica Package for Screw Calculus. Bibliography. Index Each chapter also includes a Summary, Bibliography, and Exercises

6,592 citations

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20 May 2005

TL;DR: In this paper, the mathematical underpinnings of robot motion are discussed and a text that makes the low-level details of implementation to high-level algorithmic concepts is presented.

Abstract: A text that makes the mathematical underpinnings of robot motion accessible and relates low-level details of implementation to high-level algorithmic concepts. Robot motion planning has become a major focus of robotics. Research findings can be applied not only to robotics but to planning routes on circuit boards, directing digital actors in computer graphics, robot-assisted surgery and medicine, and in novel areas such as drug design and protein folding. This text reflects the great advances that have taken place in the last ten years, including sensor-based planning, probabalistic planning, localization and mapping, and motion planning for dynamic and nonholonomic systems. Its presentation makes the mathematical underpinnings of robot motion accessible to students of computer science and engineering, rleating low-level implementation details to high-level algorithmic concepts.

1,811 citations

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TL;DR: Methods for steering systems with nonholonomic c.onstraints between arbitrary configurations are investigated and suboptimal trajectories are derived for systems that are not in canonical form.

Abstract: Methods for steering systems with nonholonomic c.onstraints between arbitrary configurations are investigated. Suboptimal trajectories are derived for systems that are not in canonical form. Systems in which it takes more than one level of bracketing to achieve controllability are considered. The trajectories use sinusoids at integrally related frequencies to achieve motion at a given bracketing level. A class of systems that can be steered using sinusoids (claimed systems) is defined. Conditions under which a class of two-input systems can be converted into this form are given. >

1,787 citations

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10 May 1999

TL;DR: A state-space perspective on the kinodynamic planning problem is presented, and a randomized path planning technique that computes collision-free kinodynamic trajectories for high degree-of-freedom problems is introduced.

Abstract: The paper presents a state-space perspective on the kinodynamic planning problem, and introduces a randomized path planning technique that computes collision-free kinodynamic trajectories for high degree-of-freedom problems. By using a state space formulation, the kinodynamic planning problem is treated as a 2n-dimensional nonholonomic planning problem, derived from an n-dimensional configuration space. The state space serves the same role as the configuration space for basic path planning. The bases for the approach is the construction of a tree that attempts to rapidly and uniformly explore the state space, offering benefits that are similar to those obtained by successful randomized planning methods, but applies to a much broader class of problems. Some preliminary results are discussed for an implementation that determines the kinodynamic trajectories for hovercrafts and satellites in cluttered environments resulting in state spaces of up to twelve dimensions.

1,414 citations

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01 Jan 2003TL;DR: In this paper, the authors propose energy-based methods for stabilizing nonholonomic systems using non-holonomic control theory based on geometric properties of the system's properties. But they do not discuss the energy-independent methods of stabilisation.

Abstract: Introduction.- Mathematical Preliminaries.- Basic Concepts in Geometric Mechanics.- Introduction to Aspects of Geometric Control Theory.- Nonholonomic Mechanics.- Control of Mechanical and Nonholonomic Systems.- Optimal Control.- Stability of Nonholonomic Systems.- Energy-Based Methods for Stabilization.- References.- Index.

1,328 citations