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Nucleate boiling

About: Nucleate boiling is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 12078 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 254627 citation(s).
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26 Dec 1962-

1,482 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A simple correlation was developed earlier by Kandlikar (1983) for predicting saturated flow boiling heat transfer coefficients inside horizontal and vertical tubes. It was based on a model utilizing the contributions due to nucleate boiling and convective mechanisms. It incorporated a fluid-dependent parameter F{sub fl} in the nucleate boiling term. The predictive ability of the correlation for different refrigerants was confirmed by comparing it with the recent data on R-113 by Jensen and Bensler (1986) and Khanpara et al. (1986). In the present work, the earlier correlation is further refined by expanding the data base to 5,246 data points from 24 experimental investigations with ten fluids. The proposed correlation gives a mean deviation of 15.9 percent with water data, and 18.8 percent with all refrigerant data, and it also predicts the correct h{sub TP} versus x trend as verified with water and R-113 data yielded the lowest mean deviations among correlations tested. The proposed correlation can be extended to other fluids by evaluating the fluid-dependent parameter F{sub fl} for that fluid from its flow boiling or pool boiling data.

914 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Common fluids with particles of the order of nanometers in size are termed as ‘nano-fluids’ which have created considerable interest in recent times for their improved heat transfer capabilities. With very small volume fraction of such particles the thermal conductivity and convective heat transfer capability of these suspensions are significantly enhanced without the problems encountered in common slurries such as clogging, erosion, sedimentation and increase in pressure drop. This naturally brings out the question whether such fluids can be used for two phase applications or in other words phase change in such suspensions will be assistant or detrimental to the process of heat transfer. The present paper investigates into this question through experimental study of pool boiling in water–Al 2 O 3 nano-fluids. The results indicate that the nano-particles have pronounced and significant influence on the boiling process deteriorating the boiling characteristics of the fluid. It has been observed that with increasing particle concentration, the degradation in boiling performance takes place which increases the heating surface temperature. This indicates that the role of transient conduction in pool boiling is overshadowed by some other effect. Since the particles under consideration are one to two orders of magnitude smaller than the surface roughness it was concluded that the change of surface characteristics during boiling due to trapped particles on the surface is the cause for the shift of the boiling characteristics in the negative direction. The results serve as a guidance for the design of cooling systems with nano-fluids where an overheating may occur if saturation temperature is attained. It also indicates the possibility of such engineered fluids to be used in material processing or heat treatment applications where a higher pre-assigned surface temperature is required to be maintained without changing the fluid temperature.

900 citations

01 Jun 1959-
Abstract: A study concerned with the determination of the limiting hydrodynamic conditions which characterize nucleate and transitional boiling was conducted. The critical heat flux and the minimum heat flux are derived from these hydrodynamic limits. Results of investigations of nucleate boilin g are discussed and the theory of bubble growth is extended to include the effect of non-uniform temperature fields. An equation is derived for the product bubble diameter times frequency of bubble emission, and data showing that the diameter of nucleating cavities can he related to the heat flux density and superheat difference are presented. (J.R.D.)

888 citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

John R. Thome

81 papers, 5.1K citations

Issam Mudawar

61 papers, 6K citations

Moo Hwan Kim

59 papers, 1.8K citations

Satish G. Kandlikar

55 papers, 4.5K citations

Vijay K. Dhir

42 papers, 3.3K citations