Topic

# Nucleon

About: Nucleon is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 31317 publications have been published within this topic receiving 541884 citations. The topic is also known as: proton or neutron & neutron or proton.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: The authors present a new high-quality nucleon-nucleon potential with explicit charge dependence and charge asymmetry, which they designate Argonne {upsilon}{sub 18}.

Abstract: The authors present a new high-quality nucleon-nucleon potential with explicit charge dependence and charge asymmetry, which they designate Argonne {upsilon}{sub 18}. The model has a charge-independent part with fourteen operator components that is an updated version of the Argonne {upsilon}{sub 14} potential. Three additional charge-dependent and one charge-asymmetric operators are added, along with a complete electromagnetic interaction. The potential has been fit directly to the Nijmegen pp and np scattering data base, low-energy nn scattering parameters, and deuteron binding energy. With 40 adjustable parameters it gives a {chi}{sup 2} per datum of 1.09 for 4,301 pp and np data in the range 0--350 MeV.

2,409 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a new formulation of the theory of nuclear reactions based on the properties of a generalized "optical" potential is presented, where the real and imaginary part of this potential satisfy a dispersion type relation while its poles give rise to resonances in nuclear reactions.

2,140 citations

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TL;DR: Hard (infinitely hard) and soft (Yukawa) core potentials have been fit to Yale and Livermore phase parameters and low-energy data as discussed by the authors, and it is found that neither the short-range behavior of the potentials nor the central-to-tensor ratio in the 3 S 1 - 3 D 1 state is well determined by the data.

1,818 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the divergence of the axial vector current in β-decay may be proportional to the pion field, and three models of pion-nucleon interaction are presented that have the required property.

Abstract: In order to derive in a convincing manner the formula of Goldberger and Treiman for the rate of charged pion decay, we consider the possibility that the divergence of the axial vector current in β-decay may be proportional to the pion field. Three models of the pion-nucleon interaction (and the weak current) are presented that have the required property. The first, using gradient coupling, has the advantage that it is easily generalized to strange particles, but the disadvantages of being unrenormalizable and of bringing in the vector and axial vector currents in an unsymmetrical way. The second model, using a strong interaction proposed bySchwinger and a weak current proposed byPolkinghorne, is renormalizable and symmetrical betweenV andA, but it involves postulating a new particle and is hard to extend to strange particles. The third model resembles the second one except that it is not necessary to introduce a new particle. (Renormalizability in the usual sense is then lost, however). Further research along these lines is suggested, including consideration of the possibility that the pion decay rate may be plausibly obtained under less stringent conditions.

1,791 citations

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TL;DR: In the most central Au+Au collisions at the highest beam energy, evidence is found for the formation of a very high energy density system whose description in terms of simple hadronic degrees of freedom is inappropriate as discussed by the authors.

1,786 citations