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Obstacle avoidance

About: Obstacle avoidance is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 14837 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 210147 citation(s). The topic is also known as: collision avoidance & obstacle navigation.

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Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
Oussama Khatib1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: This paper reformulated the manipulator con trol problem as direct control of manipulator motion in operational space—the space in which the task is originally described—rather than as control of the task's corresponding joint space motion obtained only after geometric and geometric transformation.

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Abstract: This paper presents a unique real-time obstacle avoidance approach for manipulators and mobile robots based on the artificial potential field concept. Collision avoidance, tradi tionally considered a high level planning problem, can be effectively distributed between different levels of control, al lowing real-time robot operations in a complex environment. This method has been extended to moving obstacles by using a time-varying artificial patential field. We have applied this obstacle avoidance scheme to robot arm mechanisms and have used a new approach to the general problem of real-time manipulator control. We reformulated the manipulator con trol problem as direct control of manipulator motion in oper ational space—the space in which the task is originally described—rather than as control of the task's corresponding joint space motion obtained only after geometric and kine matic transformation. Outside the obstacles' regions of influ ence, we caused the end effector to move in a straight line with an...

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5,842 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
Neville Hogan1Institutions (1)
06 Jun 1984-
Abstract: Manipulation fundamentally requires a manipulator to be mechanically coupled to the object being manipulated. A consideration of the physical constraints imposed by dynamic interaction shows that control of a vector quantity such as position or force is inadequate and that control of the manipulator impedance is also necessary. Techniques for control of manipulator behaviour are presented which result in a unified approach to kinematically constrained motion, dynamic interaction, target acquisition and obstacle avoidance.

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3,079 citations


Book
01 Jul 1990-
TL;DR: This paper reformulated the manipulator control problem as direct control of manipulator motion in operational space-the space in which the task is originally described-rather than as control of the task's corresponding joint space motion obtained only after geometric and kinematic transformation.

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Abstract: This paper presents a unique real-time obstacle avoidance approach for manipulators and mobile robots based on the artificial potential field concept. Collision avoidance, tradi tionally considered a high level planning problem, can be effectively distributed between different levels of control, al lowing real-time robot operations in a complex environment. This method has been extended to moving obstacles by using a time-varying artificial patential field. We have applied this obstacle avoidance scheme to robot arm mechanisms and have used a new approach to the general problem of real-time manipulator control. We reformulated the manipulator con trol problem as direct control of manipulator motion in oper ational space—the space in which the task is originally described—rather than as control of the task's corresponding joint space motion obtained only after geometric and kine matic transformation. Outside the obstacles' regions of influ ence, we caused the end effector to move in a straight line with an...

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2,939 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Johann Borenstein1, Yoram Koren1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1991-
TL;DR: A real-time obstacle avoidance method for mobile robots which has been developed and implemented, named the vector field histogram (VFH), permits the detection of unknown obstacles and avoids collisions while simultaneously steering the mobile robot toward the target.

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Abstract: A real-time obstacle avoidance method for mobile robots which has been developed and implemented is described. This method, named the vector field histogram (VFH), permits the detection of unknown obstacles and avoids collisions while simultaneously steering the mobile robot toward the target. The VFH method uses a two-dimensional Cartesian histogram grid as a world model. This world model is updated continuously with range data sampled by onboard range sensors. The VFH method subsequently uses a two-stage data-reduction process to compute the desired control commands for the vehicle. Experimental results from a mobile robot traversing densely cluttered obstacle courses in smooth and continuous motion and at an average speed of 0.6-0.7 m/s are shown. A comparison of the VFN method to earlier methods is given. >

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2,230 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Elon Rimon1, Daniel E. Koditschek1Institutions (1)
01 Oct 1992-
TL;DR: A methodology for exact robot motion planning and control that unifies the purely kinematic path planning problem with the lower level feedback controller design is presented.

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Abstract: A methodology for exact robot motion planning and control that unifies the purely kinematic path planning problem with the lower level feedback controller design is presented. Complete information about a freespace and goal is encoded in the form of a special artificial potential function, called a navigation function, that connects the kinematic planning problem with the dynamic execution problem in a provably correct fashion. The navigation function automatically gives rise to a bounded-torque feedback controller for the robot's actuators that guarantees collision-free motion and convergence to the destination from almost all initial free configurations. A formula for navigation functions that guide a point-mass robot in a generalized sphere world is developed. The simplest member of this family is a space obtained by puncturing a disk by an arbitrary number of smaller disjoint disks representing obstacles. The other spaces are obtained from this model by a suitable coordinate transformation. Simulation results for planar scenarios are provided. >

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1,774 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202215
2021805
20201,196
20191,446
20181,157
2017982

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Roland Siegwart

37 papers, 1.5K citations

Dayal R. Parhi

31 papers, 711 citations

Simon X. Yang

18 papers, 604 citations

Keigo Watanabe

16 papers, 75 citations

Yoram Koren

12 papers, 3.4K citations