Topic

# Open quantum system

About: Open quantum system is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 20429 publications have been published within this topic receiving 924610 citations.

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01 Jan 2000

TL;DR: In this article, the quantum Fourier transform and its application in quantum information theory is discussed, and distance measures for quantum information are defined. And quantum error-correction and entropy and information are discussed.

Abstract: Part I Fundamental Concepts: 1 Introduction and overview 2 Introduction to quantum mechanics 3 Introduction to computer science Part II Quantum Computation: 4 Quantum circuits 5 The quantum Fourier transform and its application 6 Quantum search algorithms 7 Quantum computers: physical realization Part III Quantum Information: 8 Quantum noise and quantum operations 9 Distance measures for quantum information 10 Quantum error-correction 11 Entropy and information 12 Quantum information theory Appendices References Index

25,929 citations

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TL;DR: This special issue of Mathematical Structures in Computer Science contains several contributions related to the modern field of Quantum Information and Quantum Computing, with a focus on entanglement.

Abstract: This special issue of Mathematical Structures in Computer Science contains several contributions related to the modern field of Quantum Information and Quantum Computing.
The first two papers deal with entanglement. The paper by R. Mosseri and P. Ribeiro presents a detailed description of the two-and three-qubit geometry in Hilbert space, dealing with the geometry of fibrations and discrete geometry. The paper by J.-G.Luque et al. is more algebraic and considers invariants of pure k-qubit states and their application to entanglement measurement.

14,205 citations

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TL;DR: Consideration of the problem of making predictions concerning a system on the basis of measurements made on another system that had previously interacted with it leads to the result that one is led to conclude that the description of reality as given by a wave function is not complete.

Abstract: In a complete theory there is an element corresponding to each element of reality. A sufficient condition for the reality of a physical quantity is the possibility of predicting it with certainty, without disturbing the system. In quantum mechanics in the case of two physical quantities described by non-commuting operators, the knowledge of one precludes the knowledge of the other. Then either (1) the description of reality given by the wave function in quantum mechanics is not complete or (2) these two quantities cannot have simultaneous reality. Consideration of the problem of making predictions concerning a system on the basis of measurements made on another system that had previously interacted with it leads to the result that if (1) is false then (2) is also false. One is thus led to conclude that the description of reality as given by a wave function is not complete.

13,778 citations

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01 Jan 1965

TL;DR: Au sommaire as discussed by the authors developed the concepts of quantum mechanics with special examples and developed the perturbation method in quantum mechanics and the variational method for probability problems in quantum physics.

Abstract: Au sommaire : 1.The fundamental concepts of quantum mechanics ; 2.The quantum-mechanical law of motion ; 3.Developing the concepts with special examples ; 4.The schrodinger description of quantum mechanics ; 5.Measurements and operators ; 6.The perturbation method in quantum mechanics ; 7.Transition elements ; 8.Harmonic oscillators ; 9.Quantum electrodynamics ; 10.Statistical mechanics ; 11.The variational method ; 12.Other problems in probability.

8,141 citations

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29 Aug 2002

TL;DR: Probability in classical and quantum physics has been studied in this article, where classical probability theory and stochastic processes have been applied to quantum optical systems and non-Markovian dynamics in physical systems.

Abstract: PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS PART 1: PROBABILITY IN CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS 1. Classical probability theory and stochastic processes 2. Quantum Probability PART 2: DENSITY MATRIX THEORY 3. Quantum Master Equations 4. Decoherence PART 3: STOCHASTIC PROCESSES IN HILBERT SPACE 5. Probability distributions on Hilbert space 6. Stochastic dynamics in Hilbert space 7. The stochastic simulation method 8. Applications to quantum optical systems PART 4: NON-MARKOVIAN QUANTUM PROCESSES 9. Projection operator techniques 10. Non-Markovian dynamics in physical systems PART 5: RELATIVISTIC QUANTUM PROCESSES 11. Measurements in relativistic quantum mechanics 12. Open quantum electrodynamics

6,325 citations