Topic

# Operator (computer programming)

About: Operator (computer programming) is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 40896 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 671452 citation(s). The topic is also known as: operator symbol & operator name.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: A generalized gray-scale and rotation invariant operator presentation that allows for detecting the "uniform" patterns for any quantization of the angular space and for any spatial resolution and presents a method for combining multiple operators for multiresolution analysis.

Abstract: Presents a theoretically very simple, yet efficient, multiresolution approach to gray-scale and rotation invariant texture classification based on local binary patterns and nonparametric discrimination of sample and prototype distributions. The method is based on recognizing that certain local binary patterns, termed "uniform," are fundamental properties of local image texture and their occurrence histogram is proven to be a very powerful texture feature. We derive a generalized gray-scale and rotation invariant operator presentation that allows for detecting the "uniform" patterns for any quantization of the angular space and for any spatial resolution and presents a method for combining multiple operators for multiresolution analysis. The proposed approach is very robust in terms of gray-scale variations since the operator is, by definition, invariant against any monotonic transformation of the gray scale. Another advantage is computational simplicity as the operator can be realized with a few operations in a small neighborhood and a lookup table. Experimental results demonstrate that good discrimination can be achieved with the occurrence statistics of simple rotation invariant local binary patterns.

13,021 citations

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Iona College

^{1}TL;DR: A type of operator for aggregation called an ordered weighted aggregation (OWA) operator is introduced and its performance is found to be between those obtained using the AND operator and the OR operator.

Abstract: The author is primarily concerned with the problem of aggregating multicriteria to form an overall decision function. He introduces a type of operator for aggregation called an ordered weighted aggregation (OWA) operator and investigates the properties of this operator. The OWA's performance is found to be between those obtained using the AND operator, which requires all criteria to be satisfied, and the OR operator, which requires at least one criteria to be satisfied. >

6,095 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a systematic study is made of the non-perturbative effects in quantum chromodynamics, where the basic object is the two-point functions of various currents and the terms of this series are shown to be of two distinct types.

Abstract: A systematic study is made of the non-perturbative effects in quantum chromodynamics. The basic object is the two-point functions of various currents. At large Euclidean momenta q the non-perturbative contributions induce a series in (μ2/q2) where μ is some typical hadronic mass. The terms of this series are shown to be of two distinct types. The first few of them are connected with vacuum fluctuations of large size, and can be consistently accounted for within the Wilson operator expansion. On the other hand, in high orders small-size fluctuations show up and the high-order terms do not reduce (generally speaking) to the vacuum-to-vacuum matrix elements of local operators. This signals the breakdown of the operator expansion. The corresponding critical dimension is found. We propose a Borel improvement of the power series. On one hand, it makes the two-point functions less sensitive to high-order terms, and on the other hand, it transforms the standard dispersion representation into a certain integral representation with exponential weight functions. As a result we obtain a set of the sum rules for the observable spectral densities which correlate the resonance properties to a few vacuum-to-vacuum matrix elements. As the last bid to specify the sum rules we estimate the matrix elements involved and elaborate several techniques for this purpose.

3,635 citations

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TL;DR: The many different interpretations of proximal operators and algorithms are discussed, their connections to many other topics in optimization and applied mathematics are described, some popular algorithms are surveyed, and a large number of examples of proxiesimal operators that commonly arise in practice are provided.

Abstract: This monograph is about a class of optimization algorithms called proximal algorithms. Much like Newton's method is a standard tool for solving unconstrained smooth optimization problems of modest size, proximal algorithms can be viewed as an analogous tool for nonsmooth, constrained, large-scale, or distributed versions of these problems. They are very generally applicable, but are especially well-suited to problems of substantial recent interest involving large or high-dimensional datasets. Proximal methods sit at a higher level of abstraction than classical algorithms like Newton's method: the base operation is evaluating the proximal operator of a function, which itself involves solving a small convex optimization problem. These subproblems, which generalize the problem of projecting a point onto a convex set, often admit closed-form solutions or can be solved very quickly with standard or simple specialized methods. Here, we discuss the many different interpretations of proximal operators and algorithms, describe their connections to many other topics in optimization and applied mathematics, survey some popular algorithms, and provide a large number of examples of proximal operators that commonly arise in practice.

3,174 citations

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01 Jan 1987

TL;DR: Finite representations Finite evaluation Finite convergence Computable sufficient conditions for existence and convergence Safe starting regions for iterative methods.

Abstract: Finite representations Finite evaluation Finite convergence Computable sufficient conditions for existence and convergence Safe starting regions for iterative methods Applications to mathematical programming Applications to operator equations An application in finance Internal rates-of-return.

2,869 citations