Topic

# OR gate

About: OR gate is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 3387 publications have been published within this topic receiving 23367 citations.

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TL;DR: This work examines the possible implementation of logic devices using coupled quantum dot cells, which use these cells to design inverters, programmable logic gates, dedicated AND and OR gates, and non‐interfering wire crossings.

Abstract: We examine the possible implementation of logic devices using coupled quantum dot cells. Each quantum cell contains two electrons which interact Coulombically with neighboring cells. The charge distribution in each cell tends to align along one of two perpendicular axes, which allows the encoding of binary information using the state of the cell. The state of each cell is affected in a very nonlinear way by the states of its neighbors. A line of these cells can be used to transmit binary information. We use these cells to design inverters, programmable logic gates, dedicated AND and OR gates, and non‐interfering wire crossings. Complex arrays are simulated which implement the exclusive‐OR function and a single‐bit full adder.

1,048 citations

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TL;DR: This article gives some examples of the applicability of threshold logic, as well as an integrated-circuit approach for building arrays of versatile threshold gates.

Abstract: A threshold gate has binary inputs and outputs just like any other logic gate. The difference, however, is that in the threshold gate the inputs may be weighted and, eventually, a binary decision made as to whether the total weight is more or less than some reference. This principle of weighting and summing the inputs rather than simply noting the presence of all inputs as high (as in an AND gate) or one input high (as in an OR gate) is the reason that a threshold gate can tell more about the state of the inputs, thus providing greater ``logic power.'' This article gives some examples of the applicability of threshold logic, as well as an integrated-circuit approach for building arrays of versatile threshold gates. In addition, some logic designs are described and compared with conventional ECL implementations.

378 citations

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TL;DR: This work demonstrates a scheme of all-optical transistor based on exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities, which exhibits full connectivity in the same chip plane.

Abstract: Although optical technology provides the best solution for the transmission of information, all-optical devices must satisfy several qualitative criteria to be used as logic elements. In particular, cascadability is difficult to obtain in optical systems, and it is assured only if the output of one stage is in the correct form to drive the input of the next stage. Exciton-polaritons, which are composite particles resulting from the strong coupling between excitons and photons, have recently demonstrated huge non-linearities and unique propagation properties. Here we show that polariton fluids moving in the plane of the microcavity can operate as input and output of an all-optical transistor, obtaining up to 19 times amplification and demonstrating the cascadability of the system. Moreover, the operation as an AND/OR gate is shown, validating the connectivity of multiple transistors in the microcavity plane and opening the way to the implementation of polariton integrated circuits.

358 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the OR-gate was generalized for multivalued variables, and the algorithm to compute probability in time proportional to the number of parents was developed, and applied to the learning model to this gate.

Abstract: Spiegelhalter and Lauritzen [15] studied sequential learning in Bayesian networks and proposed three models for the representation of conditional probabilities. A forth model, shown here, assumes that the parameter distribution is given by a product of Gaussian functions and updates them from the λ and π messages of evidence propagation. We also generalize the noisy OR-gate for multivalued variables, develop the algorithm to compute probability in time proportional to the number of parents (even in networks with loops) and apply the learning model to this gate.

245 citations

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TL;DR: This work has identified a three-state molecular switch that responds to one chemical and two optical inputs producing two optical outputs and encoded binary digits in its inputs and outputs applying positive logic conventions and demonstrated that this chemical system converts three-digit input strings into two-digit output strings.

Abstract: Certain molecular switches respond to input stimulations producing detectable outputs. The interplay of these signals can be exploited to reproduce basic logic operations at the molecular level. The transition from simple logic gates to complex digital circuits requires the design of chemical systems able to process multiple inputs and outputs. We have identified a three-state molecular switch that responds to one chemical and two optical inputs producing two optical outputs. We have encoded binary digits in its inputs and outputs applying positive logic conventions and demonstrated that this chemical system converts three-digit input strings into two-digit output strings. The logic function executed by the three-state molecular switch is equivalent to that of a combinational logic circuit integrating two AND, two NOT, and one OR gate. The three states of the molecular switch are a colorless spiropyran, a purple trans-merocyanine, and its yellow-green protonated form. We have elucidated their structures b...

177 citations