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Oral tradition

About: Oral tradition is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2920 publications have been published within this topic receiving 39824 citations. The topic is also known as: oral lore & lore (tradition).


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TL;DR: Hartley as discussed by the authors discusses the psychodynamics of orality of language in the context of the oral past and present, and the evolution of the human mind from oral to written language.
Abstract: John Hartley: Before Ongism: "To become what we want to be, we have to decide what we were" Orality & Literacy: The Technologization Of The Word Introduction Part 1: The orality of language 1. The literate mind and the oral past 2. Did you say 'oral literature'? Part 2: The modern discovery of primary oral cultures 1. Early awareness of oral tradition 2. The Homeric question 3. Milman Parry's discovery 4. Consequent and related work Part 3: Some psychodynamics of orality 1. Sounded word as power and action 2. You know what you can recall: mnemonics and formulas 3. Further characteristics of orally based thought and expression 4. Additive rather than subordinative 5. Aggregative rather than analytic 6. Redundant or 'copious' 7. Conservative or traditionalist 8. Close to the human lifeworld 9. Agonistically toned 10. Empathetic and participatory rather than objectively distanced 11. Homeostatic 12. Situational rather than abstract 13. Oral memorization 14. Verbomotor lifestyle 15. The noetic role of heroic 'heavy' figures and of the bizarre 16. The interiority of sound 17. Orality, community and the sacral 18. Words are not signs Part 4: Writing restructures consciousness 1. The new world of autonomous discourse 2. Plato, writing and computers 3. Writing is a technology 4. What is 'writing' or 'script'? 5. Many scripts but only one alphabet 6. The onset of literacy 7. From memory to written records 8. Some dynamics of textuality 9. Distance, precision, grapholects and magnavocabularies 10. Interactions: rhetoric and the places 11. Interactions: learned languages 12. Tenaciousness of orality Part 5: Print, space and closure 1. Hearing-dominance yields to sight-dominance 2. Space and meaning 3. Indexes 4. Books, contents and labels 5. Meaningful surface 6. Typographic space 7. More diffuse effects 8. Print and closure: intertextuality 9. Post-typography: electronics Part 6: Oral memory, the story line and characterization 1. The primacy of the story line 2. Narrative and oral cultures 3. Oral memory and the story line 4. Closure of plot: travelogue to detective story 5. The 'round' character, writing and print Part 7: Some theorems 1. Literary history 2. New Criticism and Formalism 3. Structuralism 4. Textualists and deconstructionists 5. Speech-act and reader-response theory 6. Social sciences, philosophy, biblical studies 7. Orality, writing and being human 8. 'Media' versus human communication 9. The inward turn: consciousness and the text John Hartley: After Ongism: The Evolution of Networked Intelligence

5,688 citations

Book
01 Jan 1960
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a theory for singing in Medieval Epic Appendices, including the Iliad, Odyssey, and Iliads, as well as some notes on medieval epics.
Abstract: Part I. The Theory 1. Introduction 2. Singers: Performance and Training 3. The Formula 4. The Theme 5. Songs and the Song 6. Writing and Oral Tradition Part II. The Application 7. Homer 8. The Odyssey 9. The Iliad 10. Some Notes on Medieval Epic Appendices Notes Index

1,514 citations

Book
01 Jan 1982
TL;DR: Ong's classic work provides a fascinating insight into the social effects of oral, written, printed and electronic technologies, and their impact on philosophical, theological, scientific and literary thought as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Walter J. Ong’s classic work provides a fascinating insight into the social effects of oral, written, printed and electronic technologies, and their impact on philosophical, theological, scientific and literary thought. This thirtieth anniversary edition – coinciding with Ong’s centenary year – reproduces his best-known and most influential book in full and brings it up to date with two new exploratory essays by cultural writer and critic John Hartley. Hartley provides: A scene-setting chapter that situates Ong’s work within the historical and disciplinary context of post-war Americanism and the rise of communication and media studies; A closing chapter that follows up Ong’s work on orality and literacy in relation to evolving media forms, with a discussion of recent criticisms of Ong’s approach, and an assessment of his concept of the ‘evolution of consciousness’; Extensive references to recent scholarship on orality, literacy and the study of knowledge technologies, tracing changes in how we know what we know. These illuminating essays contextualize Ong within recent intellectual history, and display his work’s continuing force in the ongoing study of the relationship between literature and the media, as well as that of psychology, education and sociological thought.

1,422 citations

Book
01 Jan 1985
TL;DR: Oral Traditions as History is an essential addition to the basic literature of African history as mentioned in this paper, and it is indispensable to all students and scholars of history, anthropology, folklore, and ethno-history who are concerned with the transmission and potential uses of oral material.
Abstract: Jan Vansina s 1961 book, "Oral Tradition," was hailed internationally as a pioneering work in the field of ethno-history. Originally published in French, it was translated into English, Spanish, Italian, Arabic, and Hungarian. Reviewers were unanimous in their praise of Vansina s success in subjecting oral traditions to intense functional analysis. Now, Vansina with the benefit of two decades of additional thought and research has revised his original work substantially, completely rewriting some sections and adding much new material. The result is an essentially new work, indispensable to all students and scholars of history, anthropology, folklore, and ethno-history who are concerned with the transmission and potential uses of oral material. Those embarking on the challenging adventure of historical fieldwork with an oral community will find the book a valuable companion, filled with good practical advice. Those who already have collected bodies of oral material, or who strive to interpret and analyze that collected by others, will be forced to subject their own methodological approaches to a critical reexamination in the light of Vansina s thoughtful and provocative insights. . . . For the second time in a quarter of a century, we are profoundly in the debt of Jan Vansina. "Research in African Literatures" Oral Traditions as History is an essential addition to the basic literature of African history. "American Historical Review""

925 citations

Book
01 Oct 1990
TL;DR: The cultural turn in translation studies translation is discussed in this article, where Proust's grandmother and the "Thousand and One Nights" are considered as a touchstone for translation theory and practice.
Abstract: Introduction - Proust's grandmother and the "Thousand and One Nights" the "cultural turn" in translation studies translation - its genealogy in the West translation, text and pre-text "adequacy" and "acceptability" in cross-cultural communication translation and the consequences of scepticism translation in oral tradition as a touchstone for translation theory and practice translation, colonialism and poetics - Rabindranath Tagore in two worlds culture as translation linguistic polyphony as a problem in translation linguistic transcoding or cultural transfer? - a critique of translation theory in Germany theorizing feminist discourse/translation translation and the mass media translating the will to knowledge - preface and Canadian literary politics translation as appropriation - the case of Milan Kundera's "The Joke".

618 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202312
202230
202143
202064
201961
201871