About: Organic certification is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 538 publications have been published within this topic receiving 9863 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyzed the booming world trade in organic agro-foods such as tropical products, counterseasonal fresh produce, and processed foods and identified key contradictions between mainstream agroindustrial and alternative movement conventions in global organic networks.
Abstract: Summary. — This article analyzes the booming world trade in organic agro-foods such as tropical products, counterseasonal fresh produce, and processed foods. Research focuses on expanding South–North networks linking major US and European markets with major production regions, particularly in Latin America. Employing a commodity network approach, I analyze organic production, distribution, and consumption patterns and the roles of social, political, and economic actors in consolidating international trade. Organic certification proves central to network governance, shaping product specifications, production parameters, and enterprise participation. My analysis identifies key contradictions between mainstream agro-industrial and alternative movement conventions in global organic networks. 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
TL;DR: It is concluded that it is advisable to label organic products with well-known organic certification logos that consumers trust, and organisations owning an organic labelling scheme should put effort into measures for increasing consumer awareness of the logo.
Abstract: Product labelling with organic certification logos is a tool for signalling consumers that a product is a certified organic product. In many European countries, several different organic labelling schemes exist in the market. The aim of this paper is to elicit whether consumers prefer certain organic labelling schemes over others, to give recommendations for market actors in the organic sector. By means of choice experiments and structured interviews with 2441 consumers of organic food in six European countries, consumer preferences and willingness-to-pay (WTP) for different organic logos were analysed. The results of the random parameter logit models showed that the WTP differed considerably between the tested logos. Consumer perceptions of organic labelling schemes turned out to be of subjective nature and in many cases not based on objective knowledge. We conclude that it is advisable to label organic products with well-known organic certification logos that consumers trust. Organisations owning an organic labelling scheme should put effort into measures for increasing consumer awareness of the logo and forming consumer perceptions and attitudes regarding the underlying scheme in terms of standards and control regime.
TL;DR: The organic market is a powerful engine for positive change because it promotes greater environmental awareness andresponsibility among producers and consumers alike as mentioned in this paper, but there are contradictions between organic ideals and practice, e.g., the reductionism of organic standards, the limitations of private organiccertification, and the widespread practice ofinput-substitution.
Abstract: Observers of agriculture and theenvironment have noted the recent remarkable growth ofthe organic products industry. Is it possible for thisgrowth in the organics market to contribute toprogressive environmental and social goals? From theperspective of green consumerism, the organics marketis a powerful engine for positive change because itpromotes greater environmental awareness andresponsibility among producers and consumers alike.Given its environmental benefits and its ability touse and alter capitalist markets, organic agricultureis currently a positive force for environmentalism.Still, there are contradictions between organic idealsand practice – e.g., the reductionism of organicstandards, the limitations of private organiccertification, and the widespread practice ofinput-substitution – that emerge through thedynamics of the capitalist market. As the marketmatures, these contradictions will increasinglyundermine the very environmental benefits that are thefoundation of organic agriculture. Fundamental change,therefore, is not likely to occur through the marketalone. There are ways, however, that the organicsmarket could contribute to a broader movement leadingto collective action. For instance, the organicsmarket tends to undermine commodity fetishism in theagrifood system, thereby strengthening civil society.In addition, the market provides space and resourcesfor social movement activity, such as in the struggleover the National Organic Standards.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors assess consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) for organic chicken using a choice experiment and find that consumers are willing to pay a premium of 1.193$/lb (34.8%) for the general organic label and 3.545 $/lb(103.5%) for a USDA organic label.
Abstract: This paper assesses consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for organic chicken using a choice experiment. Specifically, we examined consumers’ WTP for a general organic label and a USDA certified organic label on chicken breast. Our results indicate that consumers are willing to pay a premium of 1.193$/lb (34.8%) for the general organic label and 3.545 $/lb (103.5%) for the USDA organic label. WTP also differs between demographic groups as well as between different types of consumers based on the purchase frequency of organic meat products. The WTP premium for a general/USDA organic label was lowest for the non-buyers (−29.6% and 26.2%), followed by the occasional buyers (35.7% and 97.3%). The habitual buyers were willing to spend a premium of 146.6% for general and 244.3% for USDA certified organic labeled chicken breast. For all buyer types, USDA organic certification was valued more than the general organic label implying that consumers trust the USDA organic products more than a general organic label.
26 Mar 2008
TL;DR: The 2008 edition of this annual publication documents recent developments in global organic agriculture and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, numbers of farms and specific information about commodities and land use in organic systems.
Abstract: The 2008 edition of this annual publication documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, numbers of farms and specific information about commodities and land use in organic systems. The book also contains information on the global market of the burgeoning organic sector, the latest developments in organic certification, standards and regulations, and insights into current status and emerging trends for organic agriculture by continent. For this edition, all statistical data and regional review chapters have been thoroughly updated. Completely new chapters on organic agriculture in the Pacific, on the International Task Force on Harmonization and Equivalence in Organic Agriculture and on organic aquaculture have been added.