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Orthotic device

About: Orthotic device is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4357 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 140890 citation(s). more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/00003086-199301000-00035
Abstract: The need for a standardized system of end result reporting of various surgical alternatives after limb salvaging and ablative procedures for musculoskeletal tumors was clearly recognized during the first International Symposium on Limb Salvage (ISOLS) in 1981. During the ensuing four biannual symposia, there has been an ongoing developmental experience with a system extensively field tested in 1989 by the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS). This system of functional evaluation has been adopted by the MSTS and ISOLS for their joint studies and program presentation. In brief, the system assigns numerical values (0-5) for each of six categories: pain, and function and emotional acceptance in upper and lower extremities; supports, and walking and gait in the lower extremity; and hand positioning, and dexterity and lifting ability in the upper extremity. Demographic information and a patient satisfaction component is included. A numerical score and percent rating is calculated to allow for comparison of results. The system has been field tested in 220 patients with low (+/-) interobserver variability. It was well accepted by the participants, and its usage is recommended by the MSTS to facilitate valid comparative end result studies of musculoskeletal tumor reconstructions. more

Topics: Orthotic device (51%)

2,067 Citations

Open accessJournal Article
Abstract: A new family of rehabilitation techniques, termed Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy or CI Therapy, has been developed that controlled experiments have shown is effective in producing large improvements in limb use in the real-world environment after cerebrovascular accident (CVA). The signature therapy involves constraining movements of the less-affected arm with a sling for 90% of waking hours for 2 weeks, while intensively training use of the more-affected arm. The common therapeutic factor in all CI Therapy techniques would appear to be inducing concentrated, repetitive practice of use of the more-affected limb. A number of neuroimaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation studies have shown that the massed practice of CI Therapy produces a massive use-dependent cortical reorganization that increases the area of cortex involved in the innervation of movement of the more-affected limb. The CI Therapy approach has been used successfully to date for the upper limb of patients with chronic and subacute CVA and patients with chronic traumatic brain injury and for the lower limb of patients with CVA, incomplete spinal cord injury, and fractured hip. The approach has recently been extended to focal hand dystonia of musicians and possibly phantom limb pain. more

Topics: Phantom limb (59%), Constraint-induced movement therapy (59%), Orthotic device (56%) more

994 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0966-6362(99)00009-0
01 Jul 1999-Gait & Posture
Abstract: Physiological energy expenditure measurement has proven to be a reliable method of quantitatively assessing the penalties imposed by gait disability. The purpose of this review is to outline the basic principles of exercise physiology relevant to human locomotion; detail the energy expenditure of normal walking; and summarize the results of energy expenditure studies performed in patients with specific neurologic and orthopedic disabilities. The magnitude of the disabilities and the patients' capacity to tolerate the increased energy requirements are compared. This paper also will examine the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions at mitigating the energetic penalties of disability during ambulation. more

Topics: Gait (human) (53%), Orthotic device (50%)

951 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/TNSRE.2003.823266
Joaquin A. Blaya1, Hugh M. Herr1Institutions (1)
15 Mar 2004-
Abstract: An active ankle-foot orthoses (AAFO) is presented where the impedance of the orthotic joint is modulated throughout the walking cycle to treat drop-foot gait. During controlled plantar flexion, a biomimetic torsional spring control is applied where orthotic joint stiffness is actively adjusted to minimize forefoot collisions with the ground. Throughout late stance, joint impedance is minimized so as not to impede powered plantar flexion movements, and during the swing phase, a torsional spring-damper control lifts the foot to provide toe clearance. To assess the clinical effects of variable-impedance control, kinetic and kinematic gait data were collected on two drop-foot participants wearing the AAFO. For each participant, zero, constant, and variable impedance control strategies were evaluated and the results were compared to the mechanics of three age, weight, and height matched normals. We find that actively adjusting joint impedance reduces the occurrence of slap foot allows greater powered plantar flexion and provides for less kinematic difference during swing when compared to normals. These results indicate that a variable-impedance orthosis may have certain clinical benefits for the treatment of drop-foot gait compared to conventional ankle-foot orthoses having zero or constant stiffness joint behaviors. more

Topics: Orthotic device (58%), Joint stiffness (55%), Orthotics (55%) more

710 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-12-1
Michael R. Tucker1, Jeremy Olivier2, Anna Pagel1, Hannes Bleuler2  +8 moreInstitutions (4)
Abstract: Technological advancements have led to the development of numerous wearable robotic devices for the physical assistance and restoration of human locomotion. While many challenges remain with respect to the mechanical design of such devices, it is at least equally challenging and important to develop strategies to control them in concert with the intentions of the user. This work reviews the state-of-the-art techniques for controlling portable active lower limb prosthetic and orthotic (P/O) devices in the context of locomotive activities of daily living (ADL), and considers how these can be interfaced with the user’s sensory-motor control system. This review underscores the practical challenges and opportunities associated with P/O control, which can be used to accelerate future developments in this field. Furthermore, this work provides a classification scheme for the comparison of the various control strategies. As a novel contribution, a general framework for the control of portable gait-assistance devices is proposed. This framework accounts for the physical and informatic interactions between the controller, the user, the environment, and the mechanical device itself. Such a treatment of P/Os – not as independent devices, but as actors within an ecosystem – is suggested to be necessary to structure the next generation of intelligent and multifunctional controllers. Each element of the proposed framework is discussed with respect to the role that it plays in the assistance of locomotion, along with how its states can be sensed as inputs to the controller. The reviewed controllers are shown to fit within different levels of a hierarchical scheme, which loosely resembles the structure and functionality of the nominal human central nervous system (CNS). Active and passive safety mechanisms are considered to be central aspects underlying all of P/O design and control, and are shown to be critical for regulatory approval of such devices for real-world use. The works discussed herein provide evidence that, while we are getting ever closer, significant challenges still exist for the development of controllers for portable powered P/O devices that can seamlessly integrate with the user’s neuromusculoskeletal system and are practical for use in locomotive ADL. more

Topics: Orthotic device (56%), Control theory (51%), Control system (51%) more

657 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Hylton B. Menz

14 papers, 470 citations

Joshua Burns

10 papers, 255 citations

Keith Rome

9 papers, 675 citations

Thomas G. McPoil

9 papers, 485 citations

Stephen W Hutchins

9 papers, 250 citations

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