About: Overpressure is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3236 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 34648 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jun 1997-AAPG Bulletin
TL;DR: Osborne et al. as discussed by the authors investigated the potential for generating overpressure by hydrocarbon generation and cracking and concluded that these processes may be self-limiting in a sealed system because buildup of pressure could inhibit further organic metamorphism.
Abstract: Overpressure can be produced by the following processes: (1) increase of compressive stress, (2) changes in the volume of the pore fluid or rock matrix, and (3) fluid movement or buoyancy. Loading during burial can generate considerable overpressure due to disequilibrium compaction, particularly during the rapid subsidence of low- permeability sediments. Horizontal stress changes can rapidly generate and dissipate large amounts of overpressure in tectonically active areas. Overpressure mechanisms involving change in volume must be well sealed to be effective. Fluid volume increases associated with aquathermal expansion and clay dehydration are too small to generate significant overpressure unless perfect sealing occurs. Hydrocarbon generation and cracking to gas could possibly produce overpressure, depending upon the kerogen type, abundance of organic matter, temperature history, and rock permeability; however, these processes may be self-limiting in a sealed system because buildup of pressure could inhibit further organic metamorphism. The potential for generating overpressure by hydrocarbon generation and cracking must be regarded as unproven at present. Fluid movement due to a hydraulic head can generate significant overpressure in shallowly buried, "well-plumbed" basins. Calculations indicate that hydrocarbon buoyancy and osmosis can generate only small amounts of localized overpressure. The upward movement of gas in an incompressible fluid also could generate ©Copyright 1997. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists. All rights reserved.1Manuscript received October 17, 1995; revised manuscript received September 4, 1996; final acceptance January 20, 1997. 2Department of Geological Sciences, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, United Kingdom. Osborne e-mail: M.J.Osborne@ durham.ac.uk; GeoPOP web site http://www.dur.ac.uk/~dgl0zz7/ We wish to thank the companies that support the Geosciences Project on Overpressure (GeoPOP) at the universities of Durham, Newcastle, and Heriot-Watt: Agip, Amerada Hess, Amoco, ARCO, Chevron, Conoco, Elf Exploration, Mobil, Norsk Hydro, Phillips Petroleum UK Company Limited, Statoil, and Total. We also thank Neil Goulty (Durham) for commenting on an earlier draft of this paper. Osborne thanks Gordon Macleod (Newcastle) for help with geochemical modeling.
01 Jun 1995-Spe Drilling & Completion
TL;DR: In this article, a new method for estimating pore pressure from formation sonic velocity data is presented, which accounts for excess pressure generated by both undercompaction, and fluid expansion mechanisms such as aquathermal pressuring, hydrocarbon maturation, clay diagenesis, and charging from other zones.
Abstract: A new method for estimating pore pressure from formation sonic velocity data is presented. Unlike previous techniques, this method accounts for excess pressure generated by both undercompaction, and fluid expansion mechanisms such as aquathermal pressuring, hydrocarbon maturation, clay diagenesis, and charging from other zones. The method is an effective stress approach; the effective stress is computed from the velocity, and the result is subtracted from the overburden stress to obtain pore pressure. to include multiple sources of overpressure, a pair of velocity-vs.-effective-stress relations are introduced. One relation accounts for normal pressure and overpressure caused by undercompaction. The second is applied inside velocity reversal zones caused by fluid expansion mechanisms. Example applications of the method are presented from the U.S. gulf coast, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Central North Sea. some other pore pressure estimation approaches are also examined to demonstrate how these techniques have unknowingly accounted for overpressure mechanisms other than undercompaction. It is also explained how velocity-vs.-effective-stress data can be used to identify the general cause of overpressure in an area. For instance, the empirical correlation of Hottman and Johnson indicates that overpressure along the US gulf coast cannot be due only to undercompaction.
01 Jun 1955-Journal of Applied Physics
TL;DR: In this article, the von Neumann-Richtmyer artificial viscosity was employed to avoid shock discontinuities, and the solutions were carried from two thousand atmospheres to less than one-tenth atmospheres peak overpressure.
Abstract: The strong‐shock, point‐source solution and spherical isothermal distributions were used as initial conditions for a numerical integration of the differential equations of gas motion in Lagrangean form. The von Neumann‐Richtmyer artificial viscosity was employed to avoid shock discontinuities. The solutions were carried from two thousand atmospheres to less than one‐tenth atmospheres peak overpressure. Results include overpressure, density, particle velocity, and position as functions of time and space. The dynamic pressure, the positive and negative impulses of both dynamic pressure and static overpressure, positive and negative durations of pressure and velocity, and shock values of all quantities are also described for various times and radial distances. Analytical approximations to the numerical results are provided.
11 Dec 1998-AAPG Bulletin
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors considered homogeneous gaseous fuel-air detonations and showed that the propagation of the combustion wave is governed by the molecular diffusion of heat and mass from the reaction zone to the unburned mixture, and that the very strong exponential temperature dependence of chemical reaction rates makes possible the rapid combustion in the detonation mode.
Abstract: In addition to gases, flammable liquids and solids in the form of fine droplets and dust particles also form explosive mixtures with air. An explosive mixture can, in general, support two modes of combustion. The slow laminar deflagration mode is at one extreme; here the flame propagates at typical velocities of the order 1 m s -1 relative to the unburned gases and there is negligible overpressure development when the explosion is unconfined. At the other extreme is the detonation mode, in which the detonation wave propagates at about 2000 m s -1 accompanied by an overpressure rise of about 20 bars across the wave. The propagation of laminar defiagrations is governed by the molecular diffusion of heat and mass from the reaction zone to the unburned mixture. The propagation of detonations depends on the adiabatic shock compression of the unburned mixtures to elevated temperatures to bring about autoignition. The very strong exponential temperature dependence of chemical reaction rates in general makes possible the rapid combustion in the detonation mode. Two phase liquid droplets or dust-air mixtures are similar, but they require more physical processes (e.g. droplet break-up, phase change, mixing, etc.) prior to combustion. Thus, characteristic time or length scales associated with the combustion front are usually much larger than those of homogeneous gaseous fuel-air mixtures. The essential mechanisms of propagation of the combustion waves, however, are similar. In between the two extremes of laminar detlagration and detonation, there is an almost continuous spectrum of burning rates where turbulence plays the dominant role in the combustion process. Due to space limitations, only homogeneous gaseous fuel-air detonations are considered in this article.
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