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Phase-change material

About: Phase-change material is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 9322 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 193871 citation(s). The topic is also known as: PCM.

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Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.RSER.2007.10.005
Abstract: The use of a latent heat storage system using phase change materials (PCMs) is an effective way of storing thermal energy and has the advantages of high-energy storage density and the isothermal nature of the storage process. PCMs have been widely used in latent heat thermal-storage systems for heat pumps, solar engineering, and spacecraft thermal control applications. The uses of PCMs for heating and cooling applications for buildings have been investigated within the past decade. There are large numbers of PCMs that melt and solidify at a wide range of temperatures, making them attractive in a number of applications. This paper also summarizes the investigation and analysis of the available thermal energy storage systems incorporating PCMs for use in different applications.

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Topics: Phase-change material (64%), Thermal energy storage (58%), Thermal mass (55%) ...read more

3,746 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0196-8904(98)00025-9
S.M. Hasnain1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This paper reviews the development of available thermal energy storage (TES) technologies and their individual pros and cons for space and water heating applications. Traditionally, available heat has been stored in the form of sensible heat (typically by raising the temperature of water, rocks, etc.) for later use. In most of the low temperature applications, water is being used as a storage medium. Latent heat storage on the other hand, is a young and developing technology which has found considerable interest in recent times due to its operational advantages of smaller temperature swing, smaller size and lower weight per unit of storage capacity. It has been demonstrated that, for the development of a latent heat thermal energy storage system, the choice of the phase change material (PCM) plays an important role in addition to heat transfer mechanisms in the PCM. Attempts have also been made to utilize technical grade phase change materials as storage media and embedded heat exchange tubes/heat pipes with extended surfaces in order to enhance the heat transfer rate to/from the PCM.

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Topics: Phase-change material (66%), Thermal energy storage (65%), Waste heat (63%) ...read more

1,024 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.APPLTHERMALENG.2006.11.004
Ahmet Sarı1, Ali Karaipekli1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This study aimed determination of proper amount of paraffin ( n -docosane) absorbed into expanded graphite (EG) to obtain form-stable composite as phase change material (PCM), examination of the influence of EG addition on the thermal conductivity using transient hot-wire method and investigation of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) characteristics of paraffin such as melting time, melting temperature and latent heat capacity using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique. The paraffin/EG composites with the mass fraction of 2%, 4%, 7%, and 10% EG were prepared by absorbing liquid paraffin into the EG. The composite PCM with mass fraction of 10% EG was considered as form-stable allowing no leakage of melted paraffin during the solid–liquid phase change due to capillary and surface tension forces of EG. Thermal conductivity of the pure paraffin and the composite PCMs including 2, 4, 7 and 10 wt% EG were measured as 0.22, 0.40, 0.52, 0.68 and 0.82 W/m K, respectively. Melting time test showed that the increasing thermal conductivity of paraffin noticeably decreased its melting time. Furthermore, DSC analysis indicated that changes in the melting temperatures of the composite PCMs were not considerable, and their latent heat capacities were approximately equivalent to the values calculated based on the mass ratios of the paraffin in the composites. It was concluded that the composite PCM with the mass fraction of 10% EG was the most promising one for LHTES applications due to its form-stable property, direct usability without a need of extra storage container, high thermal conductivity, good melting temperature and satisfying latent heat storage capacity.

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Topics: Liquid paraffin (68%), Phase-change material (58%), Differential scanning calorimetry (53%) ...read more

700 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.APENERGY.2012.03.058
Eduard Oró1, A. de Gracia1, Albert Castell1, Mohammed Farid2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
01 Nov 2012-Applied Energy
Abstract: Thermal energy storage (TES) is a technology with a high potential for different thermal applications. It is well known that TES could be the most appropriate way and method to correct the gap between the demand and supply of energy and therefore it has become a very attractive technology. In this paper, a review of TES for cold storage applications using solid–liquid phase change materials has been carried out. The scope of the work was focussed on different aspects: phase change materials (PCMs), encapsulation, heat transfer enhancement, and the effect of storage on food quality. Materials used by researchers as potential PCM at low temperatures (less than 20 C) are summarized and some of their thermophysical properties are reported. Over 88 materials that can be used as PCM, and about 40 commercially available PCM have been listed. Problems in long term stability of the materials, such as corrosion, phase segregation, stability under extended cycling or subcooling are discussed. Heat transfer is considered both from theoretical and experimental point of view and the different methods of PCM encapsulation are reviewed. Many applications of PCM at low temperature can be found, such as, ice storage, conservation and transport of temperature sensitive materials and in air conditioning, cold stores, and refrigerated trucks.

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Topics: Cold storage (60%), Thermal energy storage (56%), Phase-change material (55%) ...read more

692 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ENBUILD.2010.03.026
Ruben Baetens1, Ruben Baetens2, Ruben Baetens3, Bjørn Petter Jelle2  +2 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Phase change materials (PCMs) are regarded as a possible solution for reducing the energy consumption of buildings. By storing and releasing heat within a certain temperature range, it raises the building inertia and stabilizes indoor climate. Within this work, a state-of-the-art review is given on the knowledge of PCMs today for building applications.

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  • Table 4.1 Overview of the main phase change materials (Demirbas 2006).
    Table 4.1 Overview of the main phase change materials (Demirbas 2006).
  • Table 4.2 Annual energy balance of the simulated houses in Stockholm and Madison (Wisconsin). House type 1 denotes a reference house, where type 2 denotes a house with PCM enhanced plasterboard [ΔH = 540 kJ/m²]. The simulated conventional house has an average thermal transfer coefficient U of 0.23 W/(m²K) and windows of 1.8 W/(m²K), while both the passive and reference house types have an average thermal transfer coefficient U of 0.12 W/(m²K) and windows of 1.3 W/(m²K). The mentioned Tr denotes the room temperature during the night and the day (Peippo et al. 1991).
    Table 4.2 Annual energy balance of the simulated houses in Stockholm and Madison (Wisconsin). House type 1 denotes a reference house, where type 2 denotes a house with PCM enhanced plasterboard [ΔH = 540 kJ/m²]. The simulated conventional house has an average thermal transfer coefficient U of 0.23 W/(m²K) and windows of 1.8 W/(m²K), while both the passive and reference house types have an average thermal transfer coefficient U of 0.12 W/(m²K) and windows of 1.3 W/(m²K). The mentioned Tr denotes the room temperature during the night and the day (Peippo et al. 1991).

678 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202258
20211,030
20201,042
2019946
2018800
2017808

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Luisa F. Cabeza

66 papers, 3.8K citations

Zhengguo Zhang

47 papers, 2.8K citations

Frank Bruno

47 papers, 2.3K citations

Ahmet Sarı

36 papers, 3.3K citations

Mohammad Ghalambaz

30 papers, 450 citations

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