About: Phenol is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 10722 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 182898 citation(s). The topic is also known as: carbolic acid & Karbolsaeure.
31 Jul 2009-Journal of the American Chemical Society
TL;DR: A bioinspired iron-based catalyst with semiconductor photocatalytic functions in combination with a high surface area holds promise for synthetic chemistry via combining photocatalysis with organosynthesis through using g-C(3)N(4) nanoparticles.
Abstract: A bioinspired iron-based catalyst with semiconductor photocatalytic functions in combination with a high surface area holds promise for synthetic chemistry via combining photocatalysis with organosynthesis. Here exemplified for phenol synthesis, Fe-g-C3N4/SBA-15 is able to oxidize benzene to phenol with H2O2 even without the aid of strong acids or alkaline promoters. By taking advantage of both catalysis and photocatalyisis functions of g-C3N4 nanoparticles, the yield of the phenol can be markedly promoted.
01 Jan 1983-Water Research
Abstract: The methodology associated with the Folin-Ciocalteau phenol reagent was investigated and the performance characteristics of a method using sodium carbonate as the supporting medium were determined. Calibration curves using phenol, tannic acid, or l-tyrosine were linear up to at least 1000 μg l−1. The limit of detection was 6 μg phenol l−1 and the relative standard deviation at 100 μg phenol l−1 was 5.2% and at 1000 μg phenol l−1 was 4.1%. The absorbances obtained with equal amounts of a range of potential standards showed variations when compared with that of phenol: phenol (100%), l-tyrosine (62%), oak gall tannin (58%), tannic acid (48%), chestnut tannin (26%), oak tannin (24%), fulvic acid (5%). The method was applicable to a wide range of monohydric and polyhydric phenolic substances and interferences from inorganic and non-phenolic organic compounds were examined. Interference would be expected above 30 μg S2− l−1, 300 μg Mn(II) l−1, or 400 μg SO32− l−1. Concentrations of iron >2 mg l−1 as Fe(II) or Fe(III) formed the insoluble iron(III) hydroxide which increased the absorbance, but centrifugation could be used to remove this source of interference. Other potential sources of intereference (e.g. reducing agents and certain metabolic products) would be expected to have a negligible effect in unpolluted waters. Methods using diazotised sulphanilic acid or 4-aminoantipyrine (4-AAP) were found to be inferior when applied to natural water samples.
01 Jul 1985-Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Abstract: The photocatalytic decomposition of phenol in oxygenated aqueous suspensions of lightly-reduced anatase TiO2, being the most satisfactory among the semiconductors investigated from the standpoint of the photocatalytic activity and stability, has been investigated at the optimum pH 3.5. The products at the initial stage of the reaction were hydroquinone, pyrocatechol, 1,2,4-benzenetriol, pyrogallol, and 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone. These intermediates underwent further photocatalytic oxidation via acids and/or aldehydes finally into CO2 and H2O. A reaction scheme involving hydroxyl radicals as real reactive species has been proposed. Although H2O2 was formed via O2\ewdot produced by electron trapping of adsorbed oxygen, its concentration remained constant at a low value during the reaction. About 0.7 mole of O2 was consumed for the consumption of one mole of phenol at the initial stage of the reaction. These results indicated that hydroxyl radicals were formed not only via holes but also via H2O2 from O2\ew...
02 Mar 2011-Journal of the American Chemical Society
TL;DR: A catalyst made of Pd nanoparticles supported on a mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride, Pd@mpg-C(3)N(4), which was shown to be highly active and promoted the selective formation of cyclohexanone under atmospheric pressure of hydrogen in aqueous media without additives.
Abstract: Cyclohexanone is an important intermediate in the manufacture of polyamides in chemical industry, but direct selective hydrogenation of phenol to cyclohexanone under mild conditions is a challenge....
01 Aug 1991-Journal of Applied Electrochemistry
Abstract: The electrochemical oxidation of phenol for waste water treatment was studied at a platinum anode. Analysis of reaction intermediates and a carbon balance has shown that the reaction occurs by two parallel pathways; chemical oxidation with electrogenerated hydroxyl radicals and direct combustion of adsorbed phenol or/and its aromatic intermediates to CO2.