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Phenylpropanoid

About: Phenylpropanoid is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1968 publications have been published within this topic receiving 85436 citations. The topic is also known as: phenylpropanoids.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Limiting discussion to stress-induced phenylpropanoids eliminates few of the structural classes, because many compounds that are constitutive in one plant species or tissue can be induced by various stresses in another species or in another tissue of the same plant.
Abstract: Phenylpropanoid compounds encompass a wide range of structural classes and biological functions. Limiting discussion to stress-induced phenylpropanoids eliminates few of the structural classes, because many compounds thst are constitutive in one plant species or tissue can be induced by various stresses in another species or in another tissue of the same plant (Beggs et al., 1987; Christie et al., 1994).

4,046 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A novel approach for enhancing the accumulation of natural products based on activation tagging by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation with a T-DNA that carries cauliflower mosaic virus 35S enhancer sequences at its right border is reported.
Abstract: Plants produce a wide array of natural products, many of which are likely to be useful bioactive structures. Unfortunately, these complex natural products usually occur at very low abundance and with restricted tissue distribution, thereby hindering their evaluation. Here, we report a novel approach for enhancing the accumulation of natural products based on activation tagging by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation with a T-DNA that carries cauliflower mosaic virus 35S enhancer sequences at its right border. Among ∼5000 Arabidopsis activation-tagged lines, we found a plant that exhibited intense purple pigmentation in many vegetative organs throughout development. This upregulation of pigmentation reflected a dominant mutation that resulted in massive activation of phenylpropanoid biosynthetic genes and enhanced accumulation of lignin, hydroxycinnamic acid esters, and flavonoids, including various anthocyanins that were responsible for the purple color. These phenotypes, caused by insertion of the viral enhancer sequences adjacent to an MYB transcription factor gene, indicate that activation tagging can overcome the stringent genetic controls regulating the accumulation of specific natural products during plant development. Our findings suggest a functional genomics approach to the biotechnological evaluation of phytochemical biodiversity through the generation of massively enriched tissue sources for drug screening and for isolating underlying regulatory and biosynthetic genes.

1,345 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The availability of the complete genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana, and the extensive expressed sequence tag resources in other species allow, for the first time, a full appreciation of the comparative genetic complexity of the phenylpropanoid pathway across species.
Abstract: Summary The functions of phenylpropanoid compounds in plant defence range from preformed or inducible physical and chemical barriers against infection to signal molecules involved in local and systemic signalling for defence gene induction. Defensive functions are not restricted to a particular class of phenylpropanoid compound, but are found in the simple hydroxycinnamic acids and monolignols through to the more complex flavonoids, isoflavonoids, and stilbenes. The enzymatic steps involved in the biosynthesis of the major classes of phenylpropanoid compounds are now well established, and many of the corresponding genes have been cloned. Less is understood about the regulatory genes that orchestrate rapid, coordinated induction of phenylpropanoid defences in response to microbial attack. Many of the biosynthetic pathway enzymes are encoded by gene families, but the specific functions of individual family members remain to be determined. The availability of the complete genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana, and the extensive expressed sequence tag (EST) resources in other species, such as rice, soybean, barrel medic, and tomato, allow, for the first time, a full appreciation of the comparative genetic complexity of the phenylpropanoid pathway across species. In addition, gene expression array analysis and metabolic profiling approaches make possible comparative parallel analyses of global changes at the genome and metabolome levels, facilitating an understanding of the relationships between changes in specific transcripts and subsequent alterations in metabolism in response to infection.

1,155 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The biochemical and molecular mechanisms related to the activation of phenylpropanoid metabolism are discussed and phenolic-mediated stress tolerance in plants is described to provide updated and brand-new information about the response of phenolics under a challenging environment.
Abstract: Phenolic compounds are an important class of plant secondary metabolites which play crucial physiological roles throughout the plant life cycle. Phenolics are produced under optimal and suboptimal conditions in plants and play key roles in developmental processes like cell division, hormonal regulation, photosynthetic activity, nutrient mineralization, and reproduction. Plants exhibit increased synthesis of polyphenols such as phenolic acids and flavonoids under abiotic stress conditions, which help the plant to cope with environmental constraints. Phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway is activated under abiotic stress conditions (drought, heavy metal, salinity, high/low temperature, and ultraviolet radiations) resulting in accumulation of various phenolic compounds which, among other roles, have the potential to scavenge harmful reactive oxygen species. Deepening the research focuses on the phenolic responses to abiotic stress is of great interest for the scientific community. In the present article, we discuss the biochemical and molecular mechanisms related to the activation of phenylpropanoid metabolism and we describe phenolic-mediated stress tolerance in plants. An attempt has been made to provide updated and brand-new information about the response of phenolics under a challenging environment.

802 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is found that three independent pal1 pal2 double mutants were fertile and generated yellow seeds due to the lack of condensed tannin pigments in the seed coat, and PAL1 and PAL2 have a redundant role in flavonoid biosynthesis.
Abstract: Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) catalyzes the first step of the phenylpropanoid pathway, which produces precursors to a variety of important secondary metabolites. Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) contains four PAL genes (PAL1-PAL4), but there has been no genetic analysis to assess the biological functions of the entire gene family. Here, we report the generation and analysis of combined mutations for the four Arabidopsis PAL genes. Contrary to a previous report, we found that three independent pal1 pal2 double mutants were fertile and generated yellow seeds due to the lack of condensed tannin pigments in the seed coat. The pal1 pal2 double mutants were also deficient in anthocyanin pigments in various plant tissues, which accumulate in wild-type plants under stress conditions. Thus, PAL1 and PAL2 have a redundant role in flavonoid biosynthesis. Furthermore, the pal1 pal2 double mutants were more sensitive to ultraviolet-B light but more tolerant to drought than wild-type plants. We have also generated two independent pal1 pal2 pal3 pal4 quadruple knockout mutants, which are stunted and sterile. The quadruple knockout mutants still contained about 10% of the wild-type PAL activity, which might result from one or more leaky pal mutant genes or from other unknown PAL genes. The quadruple mutants also accumulated substantially reduced levels of salicylic acid and displayed increased susceptibility to a virulent strain of the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. These results provide further evidence for both distinct and overlapping roles of the Arabidopsis PAL genes in plant growth, development, and responses to environmental stresses.

656 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023306
2022580
2021171
2020126
2019111
201891