Topic

# Phonon

About: Phonon is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 41080 publications have been published within this topic receiving 842916 citations.

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01 Jan 1953

TL;DR: In this paper, the Hartree-Fock Approximation of many-body techniques and the Electron Gas Polarons and Electron-phonon Interaction are discussed.

Abstract: Mathematical Introduction Acoustic Phonons Plasmons, Optical Phonons, and Polarization Waves Magnons Fermion Fields and the Hartree-Fock Approximation Many-body Techniques and the Electron Gas Polarons and the Electron-phonon Interaction Superconductivity Bloch Functions - General Properties Brillouin Zones and Crystal Symmetry Dynamics of Electrons in a Magnetic Field: de Haas-van Alphen Effect and Cyclotron Resonance Magnetoresistance Calculation of Energy Bands and Fermi Surfaces Semiconductor Crystals I: Energy Bands, Cyclotron Resonance, and Impurity States Semiconductor Crystals II: Optical Absorption and Excitons Electrodynamics of Metals Acoustic Attenuation in Metals Theory of Alloys Correlation Functions and Neutron Diffraction by Crystals Recoilless Emission Green's Functions - Application to Solid State Physics Appendix: Perturbation Theory and the Electron Gas Index.

21,934 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, the superconducting transition temperature is calculated as a function of the electron-phonon and electron-electron coupling constants within the framework of strong coupling theory.

Abstract: The superconducting transition temperature is calculated as a function of the electron-phonon and electron-electron coupling constants within the framework of the strong-coupling theory. Using this theoretical result, we find empirical values of the coupling constants and the "band-structure" density of states for a number of metals and alloys. It is noted that the electron-phonon coupling constant depends primarily on the phonon frequencies rather than on the electronic properties of the metal. Finally, using these results, one can predict a maximum superconducting transition temperature.

3,570 citations

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TL;DR: This work exemplifies the evolution of structural parameters in layered materials in changing from the three-dimensional to the two-dimensional regime by characterized by Raman spectroscopy.

Abstract: Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) of single- and few-layer thickness was exfoliated on SiO2/Si substrate and characterized by Raman spectroscopy. The number of S−Mo−S layers of the samples was independently determined by contact-mode atomic force microscopy. Two Raman modes, E12g and A1g, exhibited sensitive thickness dependence, with the frequency of the former decreasing and that of the latter increasing with thickness. The results provide a convenient and reliable means for determining layer thickness with atomic-level precision. The opposite direction of the frequency shifts, which cannot be explained solely by van der Waals interlayer coupling, is attributed to Coulombic interactions and possible stacking-induced changes of the intralayer bonding. This work exemplifies the evolution of structural parameters in layered materials in changing from the three-dimensional to the two-dimensional regime.

3,533 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that only the Raman frequencies of E 1 and A 1g peaks vary monotonously with the layer number of ultrathin Molybdenum disulfi de (MoS 2 ).

Abstract: Molybdenum disulfi de (MoS 2 ) is systematically studied using Raman spectroscopy with ultraviolet and visible laser lines. It is shown that only the Raman frequencies of E 1 and A1g peaks vary monotonously with the layer number of ultrathin MoS 2 fl akes, while intensities or widths of the peaks vary arbitrarily. The coupling between electronic transitions and phonons are found to become weaker when the layer number of MoS 2 decreases, attributed to the increased electronic transition energies or elongated intralayer atomic bonds in ultrathin MoS 2 . The asymmetric Raman peak at 454 cm − 1 , which has been regarded as the overtone of longitudinal optical M phonons in bulk MoS 2 , is actually a combinational band involving a longitudinal acoustic mode (LA(M)) and an optical mode ( A2u ). Our fi ndings suggest a clear evolution of the coupling between electronic transition and phonon when MoS 2 is scaled down from three- to two-dimensional geometry.

2,771 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that electron-acoustic phonon scattering is indeed independent of n, and contributes only 30 Omega to graphene's room-temperature resistivity, and its magnitude, temperature dependence and carrier-density dependence are consistent with extrinsic scattering by surface phonons at the SiO2 substrate.

Abstract: The linear dispersion relation in graphene gives rise to a surprising prediction: the resistivity due to isotropic scatterers, such as white-noise disorder or phonons, is independent of carrier density, n. Here we show that electron-acoustic phonon scattering is indeed independent of n, and contributes only 30 Omega to graphene's room-temperature resistivity. At a technologically relevant carrier density of 1 x1012 cm-2, we infer a mean free path for electron-acoustic phonon scattering of >2 microm and an intrinsic mobility limit of 2 x 105 cm2 V-1 s-1. If realized, this mobility would exceed that of InSb, the inorganic semiconductor with the highest known mobility ( approximately 7.7 x 104 cm2 V-1 s-1; ref. 9) and that of semiconducting carbon nanotubes ( approximately 1 x 105 cm2 V-1 s-1; ref. 10). A strongly temperature-dependent resistivity contribution is observed above approximately 200 K (ref. 8); its magnitude, temperature dependence and carrier-density dependence are consistent with extrinsic scattering by surface phonons at the SiO2 substrate and limit the room-temperature mobility to approximately 4 x 104 cm2 V-1 s-1, indicating the importance of substrate choice for graphene devices.

2,732 citations