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Photocurrent

About: Photocurrent is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 19089 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 525716 citation(s).


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
24 Jan 2012-ACS Nano
TL;DR: The unique characteristics of incident-light control, prompt photoswitching, and good photoresponsivity from the MoS(2) phototransistor pave an avenue to develop the single-layer semiconducting materials for multifunctional optoelectronic device applications in the future.
Abstract: A new phototransistor based on the mechanically exfoliated single-layer MoS2 nanosheet is fabricated, and its light-induced electric properties are investigated in detail. Photocurrent generated from the phototransistor is solely determined by the illuminated optical power at a constant drain or gate voltage. The switching behavior of photocurrent generation and annihilation can be completely finished within ca. 50 ms, and it shows good stability. Especially, the single-layer MoS2 phototransistor exhibits a better photoresponsivity as compared with the graphene-based device. The unique characteristics of incident-light control, prompt photoswitching, and good photoresponsivity from the MoS2 phototransistor pave an avenue to develop the single-layer semiconducting materials for multifunctional optoelectronic device applications in the future.

2,798 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The first demonstration of hydrogen treatment as a simple and effective strategy to fundamentally improve the performance of TiO(2) nanowires for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting and opening up new opportunities in various areas, including PEC water splitting, dye-sensitized solar cells, and photocatalysis.
Abstract: We report the first demonstration of hydrogen treatment as a simple and effective strategy to fundamentally improve the performance of TiO2 nanowires for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. Hydrogen-treated rutile TiO2 (H:TiO2) nanowires were prepared by annealing the pristine TiO2 nanowires in hydrogen atmosphere at various temperatures in a range of 200–550 °C. In comparison to pristine TiO2 nanowires, H:TiO2 samples show substantially enhanced photocurrent in the entire potential window. More importantly, H:TiO2 samples have exceptionally low photocurrent saturation potentials of −0.6 V vs Ag/AgCl (0.4 V vs RHE), indicating very efficient charge separation and transportation. The optimized H:TiO2 nanowire sample yields a photocurrent density of ∼1.97 mA/cm2 at −0.6 V vs Ag/AgCl, in 1 M NaOH solution under the illumination of simulated solar light (100 mW/cm2 from 150 W xenon lamp coupled with an AM 1.5G filter). This photocurrent density corresponds to a solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency of ∼1...

2,069 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The trap states on the surface and grain boundaries of the perovskite materials are demonstrated to be the origin of photocurrent hysteresis and that the fullerene layers deposited onperovskites can effectively passivate these charge trap states and eliminate the notorious photocurrent Hysteresi.
Abstract: The large photocurrent hysteresis observed in many organometal trihalide perovskite solar cells has become a major hindrance impairing the ultimate performance and stability of these devices, while its origin was unknown. Here we demonstrate the trap states on the surface and grain boundaries of the perovskite materials to be the origin of photocurrent hysteresis and that the fullerene layers deposited on perovskites can effectively passivate these charge trap states and eliminate the notorious photocurrent hysteresis. Fullerenes deposited on the top of the perovskites reduce the trap density by two orders of magnitude and double the power conversion efficiency of CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) solar cells. The elucidation of the origin of photocurrent hysteresis and its elimination by trap passivation in perovskite solar cells provides important directions for future enhancements to device efficiency.

2,039 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Using highly sensitive photothermal deflection and photocurrent spectroscopy, the absorption spectrum of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films at room temperature is measured, finding a high absorption coefficient with particularly sharp onset and a compositional change of the material.
Abstract: Solar cells based on organometallic halide perovskite absorber layers are emerging as a high-performance photovoltaic technology. Using highly sensitive photothermal deflection and photocurrent spectroscopy, we measure the absorption spectrum of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films at room temperature. We find a high absorption coefficient with particularly sharp onset. Below the bandgap, the absorption is exponential over more than four decades with an Urbach energy as small as 15 meV, which suggests a well-ordered microstructure. No deep states are found down to the detection limit of ∼1 cm–1. These results confirm the excellent electronic properties of perovskite thin films, enabling the very high open-circuit voltages reported for perovskite solar cells. Following intentional moisture ingress, we find that the absorption at photon energies below 2.4 eV is strongly reduced, pointing to a compositional change of the material.

1,688 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Techniques of TiO2 film fabrication for dye-sensitized solar cells having a conversion efficiency of global air mass 1.5 (AM 1.5, 1000 W/m(2)) solar light to electric power over 10% are reported. Newly implemented fabrication technologies consist of pre-treatment of the working photoelectrode by TiCl4, variations in layer thickness of the transparent nanocrystalline-TiO2 and applying a topcoat light-scattering layer as well as the adhesion of an anti-reflecting film to the electrode's surface. TiCl4 treatments induce improvements in the adhesion and mechanical strength of the nanocrystalline TiO2 layer. Optimization of the thickness of the TiO2 layer, acting as the working electrode, affects both the photocurrent and the photovoltage of the devices. Covering of the TiO2 photoanode by an anti-reflecting film results in enhancement of the photocurrent. Each of these components of film fabrication exerts a significant influence on the overall photovoltaic parameters of the devices resulting in improvements in the net energy conversion performance. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

1,688 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202250
2021865
20201,031
20191,075
20181,112
20171,110