Topic

# Photoelasticity

About: Photoelasticity is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2698 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 27957 citation(s).

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01 Jan 1978Abstract: Part 1: Elementary elasticity and fraction mechanics stress strain and the stress-strain relationships basic equations and plane-elasticity theory. Elementary fracture mechanics. Part 2: Strain-measurement methods and related instrumentation introduction to strain measurements electrical resistance strain gages strain gage circuits recording instruments strain analysis methods. Part 3: Optical methods of stress analysis basic optics moire methods theory of plasticity applied photoelasticity - two and three dimensional stress analysis optical methods for determining fracture parameters coating methods - photoelastic coatings and brittle coating statistical analysis of experimental data.

1,322 citations

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Abstract: Introduction 1. Light and interference 2. Classical interferometry 3. Photoelasticity theory 4. Basic applied photoelasticity 5. Photoelasticity methods and applications 6. Geometrical moire theory 7. In-plane motion and strain measurement 8. Moire mapping of slope, contour and displacement 9. Diffraction and Fourier optics 10. Moire with diffraction and Fourier optical processing 11. Procedures of moire analysis with optical processing 12. Principles of moire interferometry 13. A moire interferometer 14. Experimental methods in moire interferometry 15. Holographic interferometry theory 16. Holographic interferometry methods 17. Laser speckle and combinations of speckle fields 18. Speckle photography 19. Speckle correlation interferometry 20. Electronic speckle pattern interferometry 21. Phase shifting to improve interferometry.

435 citations

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Kyoto University

^{1}Abstract: Analytical and numerical analyses have been made of the physical behaviour of a collapsing bubble in a liquid. The mathematical formulation takes into account the effects of compressibility of the liquid, non-equilibrium condensation of the vapour, heat conduction and the temperature discontinuity at the phase interface. Numerical solutions for the collapse of the bubble are obtained beyond the time when the bubble reaches its minimum radius up to the stage when a pressure wave forms and propagates outward into the liquid. The numerical results indicate that evaporation and condensation strongly influence the dynamical behaviour of the bubble.In addition, the propagation of the stress wave, both in a solid and a liquid, due to the collapse of the bubble has been observed by means of the dynamic photoelasticity. It is clearly demonstrated that the stress wave in a photoelastic specimen is caused by impact of the pressure wave radiated from the bubble.

355 citations

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29 Mar 2002

Abstract: Most chapters include an Introduction, Summary, References and Exercises. 1. Introduction to Fracture Mechanics. Historical Overview of Brittle Fracture. Elementary Brittle-Fracture Theories. Crack Extension Behavior. 2. Elements of Solid Mechanics. Concepts of Stress and Strain. Equations of Elasticity in Cartesian Coordinates. Equations of Elasticity in Polar Coordinates. Solution of the Biharmonic Equation. The Problem of the Elliptical Hole. 3. Elasticity of Singular Stress Fields. Overview. The Williams Problems. The Generalized Westergaard Approach. The Central Crack Problem. Single-Ended Crack Problems. The Effect of Finite Boundaries. Determining the Geometric Stress Intensity Factor. The Three-Dimensional Crack Problem. 4. Numerical Methods for K Determination. Boundary Collocation. The Finite Element Method. 5. Experimental Methods for K Determination. Overview. Classical Photoelesatic Methods. The Method of Caustics. Strain Gages. Multi-Parameter Full-Field Methods: Local Collocation. Interference Patterns. Moire Patterns. Photoelasticity. 6. A Stress Field Theory of Fracture. The Critical Stress-State Criterion. Crack-Tip Plasticity. The Effect of Variables on Fracture Toughness. R-Curves. 7. The Energy of Fracture. Griffith's Theory of Brittle Fracture. A Unified Theory of Fracture. Compliance. 8. Fracture Toughness Testing. Fracture Toughness Standards. Nonstandard Fracture-Toughness Tests. 9. Fatigue. Stages of Fatigue Crack Growth. Mathematical Analysis of Stage II Crack Growth. The Effects of Residual Stress on Crack Growth Rates. Life Prediction Computer Programs. Measuring Fatigue Properties: ASTM. 10. Designing against Fracture. Fracture Mechanics in Conventional Design. The Role of NDE in Design. U.S. Air Force Damage-tolerant Design Methodology. Designing by Hindsight: Case Studies. 11. Elastoplastic Fracture. Nonlinear Elastic Behavior. Characterizing Elastoplastic Behavior. Comments on the J-Integral in Elastoplastic Fracture Mechanics. Appendix A: Comprehensive Exercises. General Comments. Appendix B: Complex Variable Method in Elasticity. Complex Numbers. Complex Functions. Appendix C: An Abbreviated Compendium of Westergaard Stress Functions. Appendix D: Fracture Properties of Engineering Materials. Appendix E: NASGRO 3.0 Material Constants for Selected Materials. Index.

233 citations

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01 Jan 2000Abstract: Transmission Photoelasticity.- Reflection Photoelasticity.- Digital Image Processing.- Fringe Multiplication.- Fringe Thinning and Fringe Clustering.- Phase Shifting, Polarization Stepping and Fourier Transform Methods.- Phase Unwrapping and Optically Enhanced Tiling in Digital Photoelasticity.- Colour Image Processing Techniques.- Evaluation of Contact Stress Parameters and Fracture Parameters.- Stress Separation Techniques.- Fusion of Digital Photoelasticity, Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Tooling Technologies.- Recent Developments and Future Trends.

189 citations