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About: Pier is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 10834 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 63434 citation(s). more

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper summarizes many of the results from an extensive program of bridge scour research undertaken at The University of Auckland, New Zealand. An integrated approach to the estimation of local scour depth at bridge piers and abutments, collectively termed bridge foundations, is presented. The design method is based on empirical relations, termed K-factors, that account for the effects on scour depth of flow depth and foundation size, flow intensity, sediment characteristics, foundation type, shape and alignment, and approach channel geometry. The K-factors are evaluated by fitting envelope curves to existing data for piers and abutments and a new extensive data set for abutments. The new data are discussed and presented. Application of the design method is illustrated in examples. more

502 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A design method for the estimation of equilibrium depths of local scour at bridge piers is presented. The method is based upon envelope curves drawn to experimental data derived mostly from laboratory experiments. The laboratory data include wide variations in flow velocity and depth, sediment size and gradation, and pier size, shape, and alignment. Local scour depth estimation is based upon the largest possible scour depth that can occur at a cylindrical pier, which is 2.4D, where D=thepierdiameter. According to the method, this depth is reduced using multiplying factors where clear‐water scour conditions exist, the flow depth is relatively shallow, and the sediment size is relatively coarse. In the case of nonrectangular piers, additional multiplying factors to account for pier shape and alignment are applied. The method of estimation of local scour depth is summarized in a flow chart. more

493 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The results of laboratory experiments on the clear-water local scour of cohesionless bed sediment at cylindrical piers are presented. Based on the data, equilibrium depth of local scour is related to the particle size distribution of the bed sediment, mean particle size of the bed sediment, relative to the pier diameter, flow depth relative to both the pier diameter and the mean particle size of the bed sediment. A formula for estimating the maximum depth of local scour is also given. more

334 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Scour related to bridge hydraulics received much attention in the past decade, including its relation to flood hydrology and hydraulic processes in addition to steady flow. This paper presents new research on bridge pier and abutment scour based on a large data set collected at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. In total six different sediments were tested, of which three were uniform. Also a large variety of scour elements were considered, from 1 to 60% of the channel width, and flow depths ranging from 1 to about 40% of the channel width. Using similarity arguments and the analogy to flow resistance, an equation for temporal scour evolution is proposed and verified with the available literature data. The agreement of the present scour equation with both the VAW data and the literature data were considered sufficient in terms of river engineering accuracy, provided limitations relating to hydraulic, granulometric, and geometrical parameters are satisfied. These limitations are discussed and refer particularly to e... more

329 citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Bruce W. Melville

29 papers, 1.9K citations

Michel Bruneau

23 papers, 550 citations

Tsutomu Usami

21 papers, 257 citations

M. Shahria Alam

19 papers, 399 citations

Hanbin Ge

13 papers, 331 citations