About: Piezoelectric sensor is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7127 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 115903 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, Niezrecki et al. summarized the hardware and software issues of impedance-based structural health modi- toring based on piezoelectric materials.
Abstract: In this paper we summarize the hardware and software issues of impedance-based structural health moni- toring based on piezoelectric materials. The basic concept of the method is to use high-frequency structural excitations to monitor the local area of a structure for changes in structural impedance that would indicate imminent damage. A brief overview of research work on experimental and theoretical stud- ies on various structures is considered and several research papers on these topics are cited. This paper concludes with a discussion of future research areas and path forward. Piezoelectric materials acting in the "direct" manner pro- duce an electrical charge when stressed mechanically. Con- versely, a mechanical strain is produced when an electrical field is applied. The direct piezoelectric effect has often been used in sensors such as piezoelectric accelerometers. With the converse effect, piezoelectric materials apply local- ized strains and directly influence the dynamic response of the structural elements when either embedded or surface bonded into a structure. Piezoelectric materials have been widely used in structural dynamics applications because they are lightweight, robust, inexpensive, and come in a variety of forms ranging from thin rectangular patches to complex shapes being used in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) fabrications. The applications of piezoelectric mate- rials in structural dynamics are too numerous to mention and are detailed in the literature (Niezrecki et al., 2001; Chopra, 2002). The purpose of this paper is to explore the importance and effectiveness of impedance-based structural health mon- itoring from both hardware and software standpoints. Imped- ance-based structural health monitoring techniques have been developed as a promising tool for real-time structural dam- age assessment, and are considered as a new non-destructive evaluation (NDE) method. A key aspect of impedance-based structural health monitoring is the use of piezoceramic (PZT) materials as collocated sensors and actuators. The basis of this active sensing technology is the energy transfer between the actuator and its host mechanical system. It has been shown that the electrical impedance of the PZT material can be directly related to the mechanical impedance of a host structural component where the PZT patch is attached. Uti- lizing the same material for both actuation and sensing not only reduces the number of sensors and actuators, but also reduces the electrical wiring and associated hardware. Fur- thermore, the size and weight of the PZT patch are negligible compared to those of the host structures so that its attach- ment to the structure introduces no impact on dynamic char- acteristics of the structure. A typical deployment of a PZT on a structure being monitored is shown in Figure 1. The first part of this paper (Sections 2 and 3) deals with the theoretical background and design considerations of the impedance-based structural health monitoring. The signal processing of the impedance method is outlined in Section 4. In Section 5, experimental studies using the impedance approaches are summarized and related previous works are listed. Section 6 presents a brief comparison of the imped- ance method with other NDE approaches and, finally, sev- eral future issues are outlined in Section 7. 2. Theoretical Background
TL;DR: This technique, called synchronized switch harvesting (SSH), is derived from the synchronized switch damping (SSD), which is a nonlinear technique previously developed to address the problem of vibration damping on mechanical structures, results in a significant increase of the electromechanical conversion capability of piezoelectric materials.
Abstract: This paper presents a new technique of electrical energy generation using mechanically excited piezoelectric materials and a nonlinear process. This technique, called synchronized switch harvesting (SSH), is derived from the synchronized switch damping (SSD), which is a nonlinear technique previously developed to address the problem of vibration damping on mechanical structures. This technique results in a significant increase of the electromechanical conversion capability of piezoelectric materials. Comparatively with standard technique, the electrical harvested power may be increased above 900%. The performance of the nonlinear processing is demonstrated on structures excited at their resonance frequency as well as out of resonance.
TL;DR: In this paper, the capability of embedded piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to excite and detect tuned Lamb waves for structural health monitoring is explored.
Abstract: The capability of embedded piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to excite and detect tuned Lamb waves for structural health monitoring is explored. First, a brief review of Lamb waves theory is presented. Second, the PWAS operating principles and their structural coupling through a thin adhesive layer are analyzed. Then, a model of the Lamb waves tuning mechanism with PWAS transducers is described. The model uses the space domain Fourier transform. The analysis is performed in the wavenumber space. The inverse Fourier transform is used to return into the physical space. The integrals are evaluated with the residues theorem. A general solution is obtained for a generic expression of the interface shear stress distribution. The general solution is reduced to a closed-form expression for the case of ideal bonding which admits a closed-form Fourier transform of the interfacial shear stress. It is shown that the strain wave response varies like sin a, whereas the displacement response varies like sinc a. ...
TL;DR: In this paper, a piezoelectric laminate theory that uses the piezelectric phenomenon to effect distributed control and sensing of bending, torsion, shearing, shrinking, and stretching of a flexible plate has been developed.
Abstract: A piezoelectric laminate theory that uses the piezoelectric phenomenon to effect distributed control and sensing of bending, torsion, shearing, shrinking, and stretching of a flexible plate has been developed. This newly developed theory is capable of modeling the electromechanical (actuating) and mechanoelectrical (sensing) behavior of a laminate. Emphasis is on the rigorous formulation of distributed piezoelectric sensors and actuators. The reciprocal relationship of the piezoelectric sensors and actuators is also unveiled. Generalized functions are introduced to disclose the physical concept of these piezoelectric sensors and actuators. It is found that the reciprocal relationship is a generic feature of all piezoelectric laminates.
TL;DR: In this paper, a new structure (shell or plate) containing an integrated distributed piezoelectric sensor and actuator is proposed, where the distributed sensing layer monitors the structural oscillation due to the direct PDE and the distributed actuator layer suppresses the oscillation via the converse PDE.
Abstract: Advanced structures with integrated self-monitoring and control capabilities are becoming very important due to the rapid development of “intelligent” mechanical systems and space structures. Since the structures are distributed and flexible in nature, distributed dynamic measurement and active vibration suppression are of importance to their performance. In this paper, a new structure (shell or plate) containing an integrated distributed piezoelectric sensor and actuator is proposed. The distributed piezoelectric sensing layer monitors the structural oscillation due to the direct piezoelectric effect and the distributed actuator layer suppresses the oscillation via the converse piezoelectric effect. For modeling flexibility and versatility, a new piezoelectric finite element with internal degrees of freedom is derived. The performance of a plate model with distributed piezoelectric sensor/actuator is evaluated. Applications to distributed dynamic measurement and control of the advanced structures are also demonstrated.
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