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Piper retrofractum

About: Piper retrofractum is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 126 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1216 citation(s).

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Journal Article
TL;DR: Aqueous extracts of nine medicinal plants were bioassayed against larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypt (L.) and the long pepper, Piper retrofractum Vahl (Piperaceae), showed the highest level of activity against mosquito larvae.

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Abstract: Aqueous extracts of nine medicinal plants were bioassayed against larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypt (L.). Among these plants, the long pepper, Piper retrofractum Vahl (Piperaceae), showed the highest level of activity against mosquito larvae. To gain more information on larvicidal activity of P. retrofractum, fresh fruits of this plant were extracted in water and the extracts made into powder and bioassayed against 3rd and 4th instar larvae of Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. aegypti in the laboratory. Extracts of unripe (001/3) and ripe (002/3 and 001/4) fruits showed different levels of activity against Cx. quinquefasciatus larvae. Extracts 001/3 and 002/3 were equi-toxic to a Bacillus sphaericus resistant and susceptible strains, both from Thailand. The ripe fruit extract 002/3 was somewhat more active against Ae. aegypti than Cx. quinquefasciatus. Another ripe fruit extract (001/4) was much more toxic to both mosquito species. Diluted solutions of the solid extract (002/3) in distilled water lost their larvicidal activity upon aging. Loss of activity at 25 degrees C was greater than that stored at 4 degrees C, and greater in water than in acetone solution.

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91 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The n-hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and acetone extracts of Piper cubeba Linn and P. retrofractum were evaluated in vitro against promastigotes of Leishmania donovani, and all exhibited significant in vitro activity at 100 μg/ml.

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Abstract: The n-hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and acetone extracts of Piper cubeba Linn. and P. retrofractum Vahl. (Piperaceae) were evaluated in vitro against promastigotes of Leishmania donovani, and all exhibited significant in vitro activity at 100 μg/ml. Two lignans, cubebin and hinokinin, were isolated from the hexane extract of P. cubeba; and one bis-epoxy lignan, (−)-sesamin, and two amides, pellitorine and piplartine, were isolated from the hexane and methanol extracts of P. retrofractum. Cubebin and piplartine showed significant antileishmanial activity in vitro at 100 μM and were further tested in vivo in a hamster model of visceral leishmaniasis. Piplartine showed activity at 30 mg/kg dose. This is the first report of antileishmanial activity of these two plants and their isolated constituents.

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88 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that PRPAs attenuate HFD-induced obesity by activating AMPK and PPARδ, and regulate lipid metabolism, suggesting their potential anti-obesity effects.

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Abstract: The fruits of Piper retrofractum Vahl. have been used for their anti-flatulent, expectorant, antitussive, antifungal, and appetizing properties in traditional medicine, and they are reported to possess gastroprotective and cholesterol-lowering properties. However, their anti-obesity activity remains unexplored. The present study was conducted to isolate the anti-obesity constituents from P. retrofractum Vahl. and evaluate their effects in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Piperidine alkaloids from P. retrofractum Vahl. (PRPAs), including piperine, pipernonaline, and dehydropipernonaline, were isolated as the anti-obesity constituents through a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) transactivation assay. The molecular mechanism was investigated in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and L6 myocytes. PRPA treatment activated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling and PPARδ protein and also regulated the expression of lipid metabolism-related proteins. In the animal model, oral PRPA administration (50, 100, or 300 mg/kg/day for 8 weeks) significantly reduced HFD-induced body weight gain without altering the amount of food intake. Fat pad mass was reduced in the PRPA treatment groups, as evidenced by reduced adipocyte size. In addition, elevated serum levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total lipid, leptin, and lipase were suppressed by PRPA treatment. PRPA also protected against the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver by decreasing hepatic triglyceride accumulation. Consistent with the in vitro results, PRPA activated AMPK signaling and altered the expression of lipid metabolism-related proteins in liver and skeletal muscle. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that PRPAs attenuate HFD-induced obesity by activating AMPK and PPARδ, and regulate lipid metabolism, suggesting their potential anti-obesity effects.

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83 citations


01 Jan 2011-
TL;DR: It is inferred that Cyperus rotundus, Plumbago zeylanica, Symplocos racemosa and Terminalia arjuna contain potential alpha-glucosidase inhibitors that can be exploited for its use in the treatment of diabetes.

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Abstract: Alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity of fifteen Indian medicinal plants has been evaluated by in vitro enzyme assay. Methanol extracts of Cyperus rotundus (tubers), Plumbago zeylanica (root), Symplocos racemosa (bark), and Terminalia arjuna (bark) had displayed 100% inhibition with the IC 50 value of 3.98 µg/ml, 3.46 µg/ml, 8.16 µg/ml and 0.69 µg/ml, respectively. Bark extract of Terminalia arjuna is highly effective against alpha- glucosidase activity even at nanogram concentration. Plant parts of Piper retrofractum (stem), Zingiber officinale (rhizome), Acorus calamus (rhizome), Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome), Marsdenia tenacissima (stem), Clerodendron serratum (root), and Rubia cordifolia (root) are not effective and they require high concentration to exhibit inhibition. Potential plants that show maximum inhibition at low concentration (<10 µg/ml) were subjected to kinetic analysis to determine the mode of inhibition of the enzyme. Cyperus rotundus, Symplocos racemosa and Terminalia arjuna exhibited uncompetitive inhibition and Plumbago zeylanica had displayed mixed inhibition to alpha-glucosidase enzyme activity. From the enzyme assay, we infer that Cyperus rotundus, Plumbago zeylanica, Symplocos racemosa and Terminalia arjuna contain potential alpha-glucosidase inhibitors that can be exploited for its use in the treatment of diabetes.

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67 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper provides ethnobotanical and botanical descriptions and illustrations of eight Piper species that are popularly used among Thai people as vegetables, spices, decoration and medicines and for traditional ceremonies.

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Abstract: Thailand is located in the tropical rain forest zone above the equator. This geographically supports very rich biodiversity, including the genus Piper (Piperaceae). Thirty-eight species of Piper, from out of over 1,000 species in the world, have been discovered recently (1998-2006) by the authors. Plant morphology and plant use information were recorded via observation, market surveys, and interviews with traditional healers and local peoples. In this paper we provide ethnobotanical and botanical descriptions and illustrations of eight Piper species that are popularly used among Thai people as vegetables, spices, decoration and medicines and for traditional ceremonies. These species consist of P. betle L., P. longum L., P. nigrum L., P. pendulispicum C.DC., P. retrofractum Vahl, P. sarmentosum Roxb., P. wallichii (Miquel) Handel-Mazetti and a newly described Piper sp.

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64 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202110
202017
20198
201810
20174
20167

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Nurul Jadid

4 papers, 49 citations

Avijit Banerji

4 papers, 65 citations

Djoko Prijono

3 papers, 12 citations

La Choviya Hawa

3 papers, 2 citations

Peter Proksch

3 papers, 32 citations