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Polygonum

About: Polygonum is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 1230 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 12765 citation(s).


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Emodin, an anthraquinone compound derived from genus Rheum and Polygonum, significantly blocked the S protein and ACE2 interaction in a dose-dependent manner and suggested that emodin may be considered as a potential lead therapeutic agent in the treatment of SARS.
Abstract: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV). SARS-CoV spike (S) protein, a type I membrane-bound protein, is essential for the viral attachment to the host cell receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). By screening 312 controlled Chinese medicinal herbs supervised by Committee on Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy at Taiwan, we identified that three widely used Chinese medicinal herbs of the family Polygonaceae inhibited the interaction of SARS-CoV S protein and ACE2. The IC(50) values for Radix et Rhizoma Rhei (the root tubers of Rheum officinale Baill.), Radix Polygoni multiflori (the root tubers of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb.), and Caulis Polygoni multiflori (the vines of P. multiflorum Thunb.) ranged from 1 to 10 microg/ml. Emodin, an anthraquinone compound derived from genus Rheum and Polygonum, significantly blocked the S protein and ACE2 interaction in a dose-dependent manner. It also inhibited the infectivity of S protein-pseudotyped retrovirus to Vero E6 cells. These findings suggested that emodin may be considered as a potential lead therapeutic agent in the treatment of SARS.

273 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Three compounds showing strong antioxidant activity were identified by spectral methods and by comparison with authentic samples to be gallic acid, catechin, and 2,3,5, 4'-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside.
Abstract: An activity-directed fractionation and purification process was used to identify the antioxidative components of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM). Dried root of PM was extracted with 95% ethanol and then separated into water, ethyl acetate, and hexane fractions. Among these only the ethyl acetate phase showed strong antioxidant activity by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test when compared with water and hexane phases. The ethyl acetate fraction was then subjected to separation and purification using silica gel column chromatography and Sephadex LH-20 chromatography. Three compounds showing strong antioxidant activity were identified by spectral methods ((1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, and MS) and by comparison with authentic samples to be gallic acid, catechin, and 2,3,5, 4'-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

235 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A systematic review of the literature on Polygonum multiflorum was performed using several resources, including classic books on Chinese herbal medicine and various scientific databases, to provide comprehensive information on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological research and toxicology of this plant.
Abstract: Ethnopharmacological relevance Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., which is known as Heshouwu (何首乌 in Chinese) in China. It is traditionally valued and reported for hair-blacking, liver and kidney-tonifying and anti-aging effects as well as low toxicity. The aim of this review is to provide comprehensive information on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological research and toxicology of Polygonum multiflorum , based on the scientific literature. Moreover, trends and perspectives for future investigation of this plant are discussed. It will build up a new foundation for further study on Polygonum multiflorum . Materials and methods A systematic review of the literature on Polygonum multiflorum was performed using several resources, including classic books on Chinese herbal medicine and various scientific databases, such as PubMed, SciFinder, the Web of Science, Science Direct, China Knowledge Resource Integrated (CNKI). Results Polygonum multiflorum is widely distributed throughout the world and has been used as a traditional medicine for centuries in China. The ethnomedical uses of Polygonum multiflorum have been recorded in many provinces of China and Japan for nine species of adulterants in six families. More than 100 chemical compounds have been isolated from this plant, and the major components have been determined to be stilbenes, quinones, flavonoids and others. Crude extracts and pure compounds of this plant are used as effective agents in pre-clinical and clinical practice due to their anti-aging, anti-hyperlipidaemia, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects and to promote immunomodulation, neuroprotection, and the curing of other diseases. However, these extracts can also lead to hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity and embryonic toxicity. Pharmacokinetic studies have demonstrated that the main components of Polygonum multiflorum , such as 2,3,5,4′-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β- d -glucopyranoside and emodin are distributed among many organs and tissues. Conclusion Therapeutic potential of Polygonum multiflorum has been demonstrated in the conditions like Alzheimer׳s disease, Parkinson׳s disease, hyperlipidaemia, inflammation and cancer, which is attributed to the presence of various stilbenes, quinones, flavonoids, phospholipids and other compounds in the drug. On the other hand, the adverse effects (hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and embryonic toxicity) of this plant were caused by the quinones, such as emodin and rhein. Thus more pharmacological and toxicological mechanisms on main active compounds are necessary to be explored, especially the combined anthraquinones (Emodin-8-O-β- d -glucopyranoside, Physcion-8-O-β- d -glucopyranoside, etc. ) and the variety of stilbenes.

197 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: From the Egyptian medicinal plant Polygonum senegalense the fungal endophyte Alternaria sp.
Abstract: From the Egyptian medicinal plant Polygonum senegalense the fungal endophyte Alternaria sp. was isolated. Extracts of the fungus grown either in liquid culture or on solid rice media exhibited cytotoxic activity when tested in vitro against L5178Y cells. Chromatographic separation of the extracts yielded 15 natural products, out of which seven were new compounds, with both fungal extracts differing considerably with regard to their secondary metabolites. Compounds 1, 2, 3, 6, and 7 showed cytotoxic activity with EC 50 values ranging from 1.7 to 7.8 microg/mL. When analyzed in vitro for their inhibitory potential against 24 different protein kinases, compounds 1- 3, 5- 8, and 15 inhibited several of these enzymes (IC 50 values 0.22-9.8 microg/mL). Interestingly, compounds 1, 3, and 6 were also identified as constituents of an extract derived from healthy leaves of the host plant P. senegalense, thereby indicating that the production of natural products by the endophyte proceeds also under in situ conditions within the plant host.

193 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Evaluation of the antioxidative activity, conducted in vitro, by using electron spin resonance (ESR) and ultraviolet visible (UV-vis) spectrophotometric assays, showed that these isolated flavonoids possess strong antioxidative capabilities.
Abstract: Ten flavonoid compounds were isolated from the dried leaves of Polygonum hydropiper L. (Laksa leaves), and identified as 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy-3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone; 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy-4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone; 6-hydroxyapigenin; 6"-O-(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoyl) 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy-3', 4', 5, 7-tetrahydroxyflavone; scutillarein; 6-hydroxyluteolin; 3',4',5,6,7-pentahydroxyflavone; 6-hydroxyluteolin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside; quercetin 3-O-beta-D-glucuronide; 2"-O-(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoyl) quercitrin; quercetin. Evaluation of the antioxidative activity, conducted in vitro, by using electron spin resonance (ESR) and ultraviolet visible (UV-vis) spectrophotometric assays, showed that these isolated flavonoids possess strong antioxidative capabilities. Measurement of the Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) values, against ABTS (2,2'-azinobis(3-ethyl-benzo-thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radicals and phenyl-tert-butyl nitrone (PBN) azo initiator (AI) also showed strong anti-oxidative activity. The most powerful of the antioxidants was 2"-O-(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoyl) quercitrin (galloyl quercitrin). A combination of two flavonoid compounds was tested for synergistic anti-oxidative capacity, but no significant improvement was observed.

186 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202114
202037
201937
201856
201762
201671