Topic

# Polynomial

About: Polynomial is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 52676 publications have been published within this topic receiving 853198 citations. The topic is also known as: polynomial & polynomials.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors considered factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms on a quantum computer and gave an efficient randomized algorithm for these two problems, which takes a number of steps polynomial in the input size of the integer to be factored.

Abstract: A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time by at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. This paper considers factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms, two problems which are generally thought to be hard on a classical computer and which have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems. Efficient randomized algorithms are given for these two problems on a hypothetical quantum computer. These algorithms take a number of steps polynomial in the input size, e.g., the number of digits of the integer to be factored.

7,427 citations

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Keio University

^{1}TL;DR: A new algorithm called Mersenne Twister (MT) is proposed for generating uniform pseudorandom numbers, which provides a super astronomical period of 2 and 623-dimensional equidistribution up to 32-bit accuracy, while using a working area of only 624 words.

Abstract: A new algorithm called Mersenne Twister (MT) is proposed for generating uniform pseudorandom numbers. For a particular choice of parameters, the algorithm provides a super astronomical period of 219937 −1 and 623-dimensional equidistribution up to 32-bit accuracy, while using a working area of only 624 words. This is a new variant of the previously proposed generators, TGFSR, modified so as to admit a Mersenne-prime period. The characteristic polynomial has many terms. The distribution up to v bits accuracy for 1 ≤ v ≤ 32 is also shown to be good. An algorithm is also given that checks the primitivity of the characteristic polynomial of MT with computational complexity O(p2) where p is the degree of the polynomial.We implemented this generator in portable C-code. It passed several stringent statistical tests, including diehard. Its speed is comparable to other modern generators. Its merits are due to the efficient algorithms that are unique to polynomial calculations over the two-element field.

5,819 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors considered factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms, two problems that are generally thought to be hard on classical computers and that have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems.

Abstract: A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed to be able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time by at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. This paper considers factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms, two problems that are generally thought to be hard on classical computers and that have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems. Efficient randomized algorithms are given for these two problems on a hypothetical quantum computer. These algorithms take a number of steps polynomial in the input size, for example, the number of digits of the integer to be factored.

2,856 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a real-valued polynomial p(x): R n to R, in a compact set K defined byPolynomial inequalities reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear matrix inequality (LMI) problems.

Abstract: We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a real-valued polynomial p(x): {\mathbb{R}}^n\to {\mathbb{R}}$, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear matrix inequality (LMI) problems. A notion of Karush--Kuhn--Tucker polynomials is introduced in a global optimality condition. Some illustrative examples are provided.

2,774 citations

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TL;DR: A new class of positive definite and compactly supported radial functions which consist of a univariate polynomial within their support is constructed, it is proved that they are of minimal degree and unique up to a constant factor.

Abstract: We construct a new class of positive definite and compactly supported radial functions which consist of a univariate polynomial within their support. For given smoothness and space dimension it is proved that they are of minimal degree and unique up to a constant factor. Finally, we establish connections between already known functions of this kind.

2,495 citations