Topic

# Power bandwidth

About: Power bandwidth is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 5372 publications have been published within this topic receiving 79088 citations.

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31 Mar 1999

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a power amplifier design for GHz frequency bands at GHz GHz frequency band with overdrive and overdrive-only overdrive modes, as well as a switch-mode Amplifier for RF applications.

Abstract: Linear PA Design. Conventional High-Efficiency Amplifier Modes. Class AB PAs at GHz Frequencies. Practical Design of Class AB PAs. Overdrive and the Class F Mode. Switching Mode Amplifiers for RF Applications. Switching PA Modes at GHz Frequencies. Signals, Modulation Systems, and PA Nonlinearities. Efficiency Enhancement Techniques. Power Amplifier Bias Circuit Design. Power Amplifier Architecture. PA Linearization Techniques.

2,060 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a two-stage CMOS operational amplifier is proposed to provide stable operation for a much larger range of capacitive loads, as well as much improved V/SUB BB/ power supply rejection over very wide bandwidths for the same basic operational amplifier circuit.

Abstract: The commonly used two-stage CMOS operational amplifier suffers from two basic performance limitations due to the RC compensation network around the second gain stage. First, it provides stable operation for only a limited range of capacitive loads, and second, the power supply rejection shows severe degradation above the open-loop pole frequency. The technique described provides stable operation for a much larger range of capacitive loads, as well as much improved V/SUB BB/ power supply rejection over very wide bandwidths for the same basic operational amplifier circuit. The author presents a mathematical analysis of this new technique in terms of its frequency and noise characteristics followed by its implementation in all n-well CMOS process. Experimental results show 70-dB negative power supply rejection at 100 kHz and an input noise density of 58 nV/(Hz)/SUP 1/2/ at 1 kHz.

521 citations

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12 Jun 2000

TL;DR: In this paper, the problem of reducing or stopping radio frequency power to be added on a generator output from a power source in accordance with the prescribed condition of the signal of a monitor which indicates the change of reflection power caused by means of a tissue state under a medical treatment is addressed.

Abstract: PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To attain safe usage by reducing or stopping radio frequency power to be added on a generator output from a power source in accordance with the prescribed condition of the signal of a monitor which indicates the change of reflection power caused by means of the change of a tissue state under a medical treatment. SOLUTION: The generator 10 is provided with a radio frequency source having a frequency generating source 12 and a power amplifier 14 and an oscillation frequency in the generation source 12 is controlled by a control system 16. Power for electric surgery is supplied to an electrode assembly 24 having a medical electrode by a UHF band with an impedance isolator 18 such as a circulator in accordance with the output of the amplifier 14, an opposite direction power output 23A is derived from a directional coupler 23 and the output 23A is inputted to a detection and signal adjusting stage 29. Then the point of time when change occurs in tissue is decided so that the power output of the generator is reduced or stopped by the control system 16 by the decision result.

462 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a distributed active transformer is presented to combine several low-voltage push-pull amplifiers efficiently with their outputs in series to produce a larger output power while maintaining a 50/spl Omega/match.

Abstract: A novel on-chip impedance matching and power-combining method, the distributed active transformer is presented. It combines several low-voltage push-pull amplifiers efficiently with their outputs in series to produce a larger output power while maintaining a 50-/spl Omega/ match. It also uses virtual ac grounds and magnetic couplings extensively to eliminate the need for any off-chip component, such as tuned bonding wires or external inductors. Furthermore, it desensitizes the operation of the amplifier to the inductance of bonding wires making the design more reproducible. To demonstrate the feasibility of this concept, a 2.4-GHz 2-W 2-V truly fully integrated power amplifier with 50-/spl Omega/ input and output matching has been fabricated using 0.35-/spl mu/m CMOS transistors. It achieves a power added efficiency (PAE) of 41 % at this power level. It can also produce 450 mW using a 1-V supply. Harmonic suppression is 64 dBc or better. This new topology makes possible a truly fully integrated watt-level gigahertz range low-voltage CMOS power amplifier for the first time.

411 citations

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24 Aug 2009

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present an overview of power amplifiers and their application in the context of load-pulling and power-combiner networks, as well as their properties.

Abstract: Preface. About the Authors. Acknowledgments. 1 Power Amplifier Fundamentals. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Definition of Power Amplifier Parameters. 1.3 Distortion Parameters. 1.4 Power Match Condition. 1.5 Class of Operation. 1.6 Overview of Semiconductors for PAs. 1.7 Devices for PA. 1.8 Appendix: Demonstration of Useful Relationships. 1.9 References. 2 Power Amplifier Design. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Design Flow. 2.3 Simplified Approaches. 2.4 The Tuned Load Amplifier. 2.5 Sample Design of a Tuned Load PA. 2.6 References. 3 Nonlinear Analysis for Power Amplifiers. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Linear vs. Nonlinear Circuits. 3.3 Time Domain Integration. 3.4 Example. 3.5 Solution by Series Expansion. 3.6 The Volterra Series. 3.7 The Fourier Series. 3.8 The Harmonic Balance. 3.9 Envelope Analysis. 3.10 Spectral Balance. 3.11 Large Signal Stability Issue. 3.12 References. 4 Load Pull. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Passive Source/Load Pull Measurement Systems. 4.3 Active Source/Load Pull Measurement Systems. 4.4 Measurement Test-sets. 4.5 Advanced Load Pull Measurements. 4.6 Source/Load Pull Characterization. 4.7 Determination of Optimum Load Condition. 4.8 Appendix: Construction of Simplified Load Pull Contours through Linear Simulations. 4.9 References. 5 High Efficiency PA Design Theory. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Power Balance in a PA. 5.3 Ideal Approaches. 5.4 High Frequency Harmonic Tuning Approaches. 5.5 High Frequency Third Harmonic Tuned (Class F). 5.6 High Frequency Second Harmonic Tuned. 5.7 High Frequency Second and Third Harmonic Tuned. 5.8 Design by Harmonic Tuning. 5.9 Final Remarks. 5.10 References. 6 Switched Amplifiers. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 The Ideal Class E Amplifier. 6.3 Class E Behavioural Analysis. 6.4 Low Frequency Class E Amplifier Design. 6.5 Class E Amplifier Design with 50# Duty-cycle. 6.6 Examples of High Frequency Class E Amplifiers. 6.7 Class E vs. Harmonic Tuned. 6.8 Class E Final Remarks. 6.9 Appendix: Demonstration of Useful Relationships. 6.10 References. 7 High Frequency Class F Power Amplifiers. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Class F Description Based on Voltage Wave-shaping. 7.3 High Frequency Class F Amplifiers. 7.4 Bias Level Selection. 7.5 Class F Output Matching Network Design. 7.6 Class F Design Examples. 7.7 References. 8 High Frequency Harmonic Tuned Power Amplifiers. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Theory of Harmonic Tuned PA Design. 8.3 Input Device Nonlinear Phenomena: Theoretical Analysis. 8.4 Input Device Nonlinear Phenomena: Experimental Results. 8.5 Output Device Nonlinear Phenomena. 8.6 Design of a Second HT Power Amplifier. 8.7 Design of a Second and Third HT Power Amplifier. 8.8 Example of 2nd HT GaN PA. 8.9 Final Remarks. 8.10 References. 9 High Linearity in Efficient Power Amplifiers. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Systems Classification. 9.3 Linearity Issue. 9.4 Bias Point Influence on IMD. 9.5 Harmonic Loading Effects on IMD. 9.6 Appendix: Volterra Analysis Example. 9.7 References. 10 Power Combining. 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Device Scaling Properties. 10.3 Power Budget. 10.4 Power Combiner Classification. 10.5 The T-junction Power Divider. 10.6 Wilkinson Combiner. 10.7 The Quadrature (90 ) Hybrid. 10.8 The 180 Hybrid (Ring Coupler or Rat-race). 10.9 Bus-bar Combiner. 10.10 Other Planar Combiners. 10.11 Corporate Combiners. 10.12 Resonating Planar Combiners. 10.13 Graceful Degradation. 10.14 Matching Properties of Combined PAs. 10.15 Unbalance Issue in Hybrid Combiners. 10.16 Appendix: Basic Properties of Three-port Networks. 10.17 References. 11 The Doherty Power Amplifier. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Doherty's Idea. 11.3 The Classical Doherty Configuration. 11.4 The 'AB-C' Doherty Amplifier Analysis. 11.5 Power Splitter Sizing. 11.6 Evaluation of the Gain in a Doherty Amplifier. 11.7 Design Example. 11.8 Advanced Solutions. 11.9 References. Index.

376 citations