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Power dividers and directional couplers

About: Power dividers and directional couplers is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 16955 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 188760 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The underlying self-imaging principle in multimode waveguides is described using a guided mode propagation analysis and it is shown that multimode interference couplers offer superior performance, excellent tolerance to polarization and wavelength variations, and relaxed fabrication requirements when compared to alternatives such as directional coupling.
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of integrated optics routing and coupling devices based on multimode interference. The underlying self-imaging principle in multimode waveguides is described using a guided mode propagation analysis. Special issues concerning the design and operation of multimode interference devices are discussed, followed by a survey of reported applications. It is shown that multimode interference couplers offer superior performance, excellent tolerance to polarization and wavelength variations, and relaxed fabrication requirements when compared to alternatives such as directional couplers, adiabatic X- or Y-junctions, and diffractive star couplers. >

2,358 citations


Book
01 Jan 1974-
Abstract: The asymmetric slab waveguide weakly guiding optical fibers coupled mode theory applications of the coupled mode theory coupled power theory theory of the directional coupler grating-assisted direction couplers approximate and numerical methods nonlinear effects.

2,270 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We study the transmission properties of a guide consisting of a dielectric rod with rectangular cross section, surrounded by several dielectrics of smaller refractive indices. This guide is suitable for integrated optical circuitry because of its size, single-mode operation, mechanical stability, simplicity, and precise construction. After making some simplifying assumptions, we solve Maxwell's equations in closed form and find, that, because of total internal reflection, the guide supports two types of hybrid modes which are essentially of the TEM kind polarized at right angles. Their attenuations are comparable to that of a plane wave traveling in the material of which the rod is made. If the refractive indexes are chosen properly, the guide can support only the fundamental modes of each family with any aspect ratio of the guide cross section. By adding thin lossy layers, the guide presents higher loss to one of those modes. As an alternative, the guide can be made to support only one of the modes if part of the surrounding dielectrics is made a low impedance medium. Finally, we determine the coupling between parallel guiding rods of slightly different sizes and dielectrics; at wavelengths around one micron, 3-dB directional couplers, a few hundred microns long, can be achieved with separations of the guides about the same as their widths (a few microns).

1,576 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A circularly symmetric power divider is described which splits a signal into n equiphase equiamplitude parts where n can be odd or even. The power divider provides isolation between output terminals and approximately matched terminal impedances over about a 20 per cent band. A theory of operation is given which yields the necessary design parameters, and an experimental model is described which has a minimum isolation of -27 db between output terminals, an output VSWR of 1.6, and an input VSWR of 1.2.

1,326 citations


Book
01 Jan 2001-
Abstract: Preface Introduction Conventional Coplanar Waveguide Conductor-Backed Coplanar Waveguide Coplanar Waveguide with Finite-Width Ground Planes Coplanar Waveguide Suspended Inside A Conducting Enclosure Coplanar Striplines Microshield Lines and Coupled Coplanar Waveguide Attenuation Characteristics of Conventional, Micromachined, and Superconducting Coplanar Waveguides Coplanar Waveguide Discontinuities and Circuit Elements Coplanar Waveguide Transitions Directional Couplers, Hybrids, and Magic-Ts Coplanar Waveguide Applications References Index

1,162 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20225
2021395
2020735
2019925
2018876
2017779

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Kaijun Song

97 papers, 1.6K citations

Yong Fan

92 papers, 997 citations

Yongle Wu

76 papers, 1.6K citations

Slawomir Gruszczynski

59 papers, 366 citations

Ke Wu

57 papers, 1.5K citations