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Topic

Productivity

About: Productivity is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 86966 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1848980 citation(s).

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Papers
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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/1468-0262.00467
Marc J. Melitz1Institutions (1)
01 Nov 2003-Econometrica
Abstract: This paper develops a dynamic industry model with heterogeneous firms to analyze the intra-industry effects of international trade. The model shows how the exposure to trade will induce only the more productive firms to enter the export market (while some less productive firms continue to produce only for the domestic market) and will simultaneously force the least productive firms to exit. It then shows how further increases in the industry's exposure to trade lead to additional inter-firm reallocations towards more productive firms. The paper also shows how the aggregate industry productivity growth generated by the reallocations contributes to a welfare gain, thus highlighting a benefit from trade that has not been examined theoretically before. The paper adapts Hopenhayn's (1992a) dynamic industry model to monopolistic competition in a general equilibrium setting. In so doing, the paper provides an extension of Krugman's (1980) trade model that incorporates firm level productivity differences. Firms with different productivity levels coexist in an industry because each firm faces initial uncertainty concerning its productivity before making an irreversible investment to enter the industry. Entry into the export market is also costly, but the firm's decision to export occurs after it gains knowledge of its productivity.

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Topics: Home market effect (60%), New trade theory (58%), Productivity (58%) ...read more

8,194 Citations


Open accessBook
Robert Karasek1, Töres TheorellInstitutions (1)
26 Apr 1990-
Abstract: Suggests a strategy for redesigning jobs to reduce unnecessary stress and improve productivity and job satisfaction.

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Topics: Job design (56%), Job satisfaction (56%), Productivity (54%) ...read more

8,129 Citations


Open accessPosted Content
Mark A. Huselid1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This paper comprehensively examined the linkages between systems of High Performance Work Practices and firm performance. Results based on a national sample of nearly one thousand firms indicate that these practices have an economically and statistically significant impact on both intermediate outcomes (turnover and productivity) and short- and long-term measures of corporate financial performance. Support for the predictions that the impact of High Performance Work Practices is in part contingent on their interrelationships and links with competitive strategy was limited.

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Topics: Productivity (60%), Performance management (59%), Human resource management (53%) ...read more

7,833 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.2139/SSRN.3595
Abstract: Output per worker varies enormously across countries. Why? On an accounting basis, our analysis shows that differences in physical capital and educational attainment can only partially explain the variation in output per worker--we find a large amount of variation in the level of the Solow residual across countries. At a deeper level, we document that the differences in capital accumulation, productivity, and therefore output per worker are driven by differences in institutions and government policies, which we call social infrastructure. We treat social infrastructure as endogenous, determined historically by location and other factors captured in part by language.

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Topics: Solow residual (59%), Physical capital (57%), Capital accumulation (53%) ...read more

6,942 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.2307/256741
Mark A. Huselid1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This study comprehensively evaluated the links between systems of High Performance Work Practices and firm performance. Results based on a national sample of nearly one thousand firms indicate that these practices have an economically and statistically significant impact on both intermediate employee outcomes (turnover and productivity) and short- and long-term measures of corporate financial performance. Support for predictions that the impact of High Performance Work Practices on firm performance is in part contingent on their interrelationships and links with competitive strategy was limited. The impact of human resource management (HRM) policies and prac

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Topics: Human resource management (56%), Job performance (53%), Productivity (53%) ...read more

6,849 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202269
20213,745
20204,307
20194,200
20184,230
20174,047

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

John Van Reenen

88 papers, 7.7K citations

Joachim Wagner

81 papers, 6.1K citations

John Haltiwanger

72 papers, 12.2K citations

Jacques Mairesse

72 papers, 9.6K citations

Dale W. Jorgenson

64 papers, 5.1K citations

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