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Project risk management

About: Project risk management is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 5313 publications have been published within this topic receiving 109997 citations.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors propose a new framework to consider success criteria, The Square Route, for IS-IT project management, which is based on the concept of stakeholder benefits against which projects can be assessed.

2,245 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive answer to the question of which factors are critical to project success depends on answering three separate questions: “What factors lead to project management success?”, "What factors leads to a successful project?" and "What factor leads to consistently successful projects?"

1,695 citations

05 Dec 2000
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a risk analysis approach based on Monte-Carlo simulation, which is used to fit a first-order parametric distribution to observed data and then combine it with a second-order probability distribution.
Abstract: Preface. Part 1: Introduction. 1. Why do a risk analysis? 1.1. Moving on from "What If" Scenarios. 1.2. The Risk Analysis Process. 1.3. Risk Management Options. 1.4. Evaluating Risk Management Options. 1.5. Inefficiencies in Transferring Risks to Others. 1.6. Risk Registers. 2. Planning a risk analysis. 2.1. Questions and Motives. 2.2. Determine the Assumptions that are Acceptable or Required. 2.3. Time and Timing. 2.4. You'll Need a Good Risk Analyst or Team. 3. The quality of a risk analysis. 3.1. The Reasons Why a Risk Analysis can be Terrible. 3.2. Communicating the Quality of Data Used in a Risk Analysis. 3.3. Level of Criticality. 3.4. The Biggest Uncertainty in a Risk Analysis. 3.5. Iterate. 4. Choice of model structure. 4.1. Software Tools and the Models they Build. 4.2. Calculation Methods. 4.3. Uncertainty and Variability. 4.4. How Monte Carlo Simulation Works. 4.5. Simulation Modelling. 5. Understanding and using the results of a risk analysis. 5.1. Writing a Risk Analysis Report. 5.2. Explaining a Model's Assumptions. 5.3. Graphical Presentation of a Model's Results. 5.4. Statistical Methods of Analysing Results. Part 2: Introduction. 6. Probability mathematics and simulation. 6.1. Probability Distribution Equations. 6.2. The Definition of "Probability". 6.3. Probability Rules. 6.4. Statistical Measures. 7. Building and running a model. 7.1. Model Design and Scope. 7.2. Building Models that are Easy to Check and Modify. 7.3. Building Models that are Efficient. 7.4. Most Common Modelling Errors. 8. Some basic random processes. 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. The Binomial Process. 8.3. The Poisson Process. 8.4. The Hypergeometric Process. 8.5. Central Limit Theorem. 8.6. Renewal Processes. 8.7. Mixture Distributions. 8.8. Martingales. 8.9. Miscellaneous Example. 9. Data and statistics. 9.1. Classical Statistics. 9.2. Bayesian Inference. 9.3. The Bootstrap. 9.4. Maximum Entropy Principle. 9.5. Which Technique Should You Use? 9.6. Adding uncertainty in Simple Linear Least-Squares Regression Analysis. 10. Fitting distributions to data. 10.1. Analysing the Properties of the Observed Data. 10.2. Fitting a Non-Parametric Distribution to the Observed Data. 10.3. Fitting a First-Order Parametric Distribution to Observed Data. 10.4. Fitting a Second-Order Parametric Distribution to Observed Data. 11. Sums of random variables. 11.1. The Basic Problem. 11.2. Aggregate Distributions. 12. Forecasting with uncertainty. 12.1. The Properties of a Time Series Forecast. 12.2. Common Financial Time Series Models. 12.3. Autoregressive Models. 12.4. Markov Chain Models. 12.5. Birth and Death Models. 12.6. Time Series Projection of Events Occurring Randomly in Time. 12.7. Time Series Models with Leading Indicators. 12.8. Comparing Forecasting Fits for Different Models. 12.9. Long-Term Forecasting. 13. Modelling correlation and dependencies. 13.1. Introduction. 13.2. Rank Order Correlation. 13.3. Copulas. 13.4. The Envelope Method. 13.5. Multiple Correlation Using a Look-Up Table. 14. Eliciting from expert opinion. 14.1. Introduction. 14.2. Sources of Error in Subjective Estimation. 14.3. Modelling Techniques. 14.4. Calibrating Subject Matter Experts. 14.5. Conducting a Brainstorming Session. 14.6. Conducting the Interview. 15. Testing and modelling causal relationships. 15.1. Campylobacter Example. 15.2. Types of Model to Analyse Data. 15.3. From Risk Factors to Causes. 15.4. Evaluating Evidence. 15.5. The Limits of Causal Arguments. 15.6. An Example of a Qualitative Causal Analysis. 15.7. Is Causal Analysis Essential? 16. Optimisation in risk analysis. 16.1. Introduction. 16.2. Optimisation Methods. 16.3. Risk Analysis Modelling and Optimisation. 16.4. Working Example: Optimal Allocation of Mineral Pots. 17. Checking and validating a model. 17.1. Spreadsheet Model Errors. 17.2. Checking Model Behaviour. 17.3. Comparing Predictions Against Reality. 18. Discounted cashflow modelling. 18.1. Useful Time Series Models of Sales and Market Size. 18.2. Summing Random Variables. 18.3. Summing Variable Margins on Variable Revenues. 18.4. Financial Measures in Risk Analysis. 19. Project risk analysis. 19.1. Cost Risk Analysis. 19.2. Schedule Risk Analysis. 19.3. Portfolios of risks. 19.4. Cascading Risks. 20. Insurance and finance risk analysis modelling. 20.1. Operational Risk Modelling. 20.2. Credit Risk. 20.3. Credit Ratings and Markov Chain Models. 20.4. Other Areas of Financial Risk. 20.5. Measures of Risk. 20.6. Term Life Insurance. 20.7. Accident Insurance. 20.8. Modelling a Correlated Insurance Portfolio. 20.9. Modelling Extremes. 20.10. Premium Calculations. 21. Microbial food safety risk assessment. 21.1. Growth and Attenuation Models. 21.2. Dose-Response Models. 21.3. Is Monte Carlo Simulation the Right Approach? 21.4. Some Model Simplifications. 22. Animal import risk assessment. 22.1. Testing for an Infected Animal. 22.2. Estimating True Prevalence in a Population. 22.3. Importing Problems. 22.4. Confidence of Detecting an Infected Group. 22.5. Miscellaneous Animal Health and Food Safety Problems. I. Guide for lecturers. II. About ModelRisk. III. A compendium of distributions. III.1. Discrete and Continuous Distributions. III.2. Bounded and Unbounded Distributions. III.3. Parametric and Non-Parametric Distributions. III.4. Univariate and Multivariate Distributions. III.5. Lists of Applications and the Most Useful Distributions. III.6. How to Read Probability Distribution Equations. III.7. The Distributions. III.8. Introduction to Creating Your Own Distributions. III.9. Approximation of One Distribution with Another. III.10. Recursive Formulae for Discrete Distributions. III.11. A Visual Observation On The Behaviour Of Distributions. IV. Further reading. V. Vose Consulting. References. Index.

1,606 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A rigorous data collection method called a "ranking-type" Delphi survey is deployed to produce a rank-order list of risk factors, which is compared with other published risk factor lists for completeness and variation.
Abstract: Advocates of software risk management claim that by identifying and analyzing threats to success (i.e., risks) action can be taken to reduce the chance of failure of a project. The first step in the risk management process is to identify the risk itself, so that appropriate countermeasures can be taken. One problem in this task, however, is that no validated lists are available to help the project manager understand the nature and types of risks typically faced in a software project. This paper represents a first step toward alleviating this problem by developing an authoritative list of common risk factors. We deploy a rigorous data collection method called a “ranking-type” Delphi survey to produce a rank-order list of risk factors. This data collection method is designed to elicit and organize opinions of a panel of experts through iterative, controlled feedback. Three simultaneous surveys were conducted in three different settings: Hong Kong, Finland, and the United States. This was done to broaden our view of the types of risks, rather than relying on the view of a single culture-an aspect that has been ignored in past risk management research. In forming the three panels, we recruited experienced project managers in each country. The paper presents the obtained risk factor list, compares it with other published risk factor lists for completeness and variation, and analyzes common features and differences in risk factor rankings in the three countries. We conclude by discussing implications of our findings for both research and improving risk management practice.

1,149 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors make a distinction between project success and the success of the project management effort, bearing in mind that good project management can contribute towards project success but is unlikely to be able to prevent failure.

891 citations

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