About: Projectile is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 13047 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 115563 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
11 Jan 1996
TL;DR: In this paper, a user friendly shooting simulating process and training system is provided to more accurately and reliably detect the impact time and location in which a projectile shot from a shotgun, rifle, pistol or other weapon, hits a moving target.
Abstract: A user friendly shooting simulating process and training system are provided to more accurately and reliably detect the impact time and location in which a projectile shot from a shotgun, rifle, pistol or other weapon, hits a moving target. Desirably, the shooting simulating process and training system can also readily display the amount by which the projectile misses the target. The target impact time is based upon the speed and directions of the target and weapon, as well as the internal and external delay time of the projectile. In the preferred form, the training system includes a microprocessor and special projectile sensing equipment, and the targets and projectiles are simulated and viewed on a virtual reality head mounted display.
01 Nov 2002
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors described a semi-automatic rifle with a super critical state in chamber by heating element to induce a phase change such that the liquid becomes a highly dense gas.
Abstract: Rifle (1) comprises barrel (2) and loading means (15) for introducing a projectile from magazine (7) into breech (4). The projectile is propelled by a compressed gas propellant initially stored as a liquid in canister (10). The liquid is heated to a super critical state in chamber (8) by heating element (12) to induce a phase change such that the liquid becomes a highly dense gas. The phase change from liquid to gas provides the energy required to expel the projectile at high velocity from rifle (1), regardless of the ambient temperature. The propellant is preferably CO2 which is heated to 31.06 °C. Rifle (1) produces minimal noise and no heat signature, making it suitable for military and stealth purposes. A pistol and launchers for grenades or mortar bombs are also disclosed. Another version can launch low earth orbit satellites or payloads.
01 Feb 1988-AIAA Journal
TL;DR: The Ram Accelerator as discussed by the authors is based on gas-dynamic principles similar to those of an air-breathing ramjet but operates in a different manner, where the center body of a ramjet travels through a tube filled with a premixed gaseous fuel and oxidizer mixture, and the tube becomes the outer cowling of the ramjet.
Abstract: A new method for accelerating projectiles from velocities of ~0.7 km/s up to -12 km/s using chemical energy is presented in this paper. The concept, called the "ram accelerator," is based on gasdynamic principles similar to those of an airbreathing ramjet but operates in a different manner. The projectile, which resembles the center body of a ramjet, travels through a tube filled with a premixed gaseous fuel and oxidizer mixture. The tube becomes the outer cowling of the ramjet, and the energy release process travels with the projectile. By tailoring the propellant mixture along the tube, a nearly constant acceleration can be achieved. In principle, the ram accelerator can be scaled for projectile masses ranging from grams to hundreds of kilograms and is capable of ballistic efficiencies as high as 30%. A straightforwar d, quasisteady, one-dimensional approach is used to model the acceleration process. The experimental facility developed to investigate the concept is described, and the results of recent experiments are presented. The velocity range of 690-1500 m/s has been explored in a 4.88-m long, 38-mm bore accelerator tube. Using methane, oxygen, and various diluents, accelerations of up to 16,000 g have been achieved with 75 gm projectiles and gas fill pressures of 20 atm. Proof of concept has been demonstrated, and agreement between theory and experiment has been found to be very good.
TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of a hard impact on a concrete barrier wall are discussed. But this paper only deals with the effect of "hard" missile impact and does not deal with the impact on "soft" barrier walls.
Abstract: Concrete containment walls and internal concrete barrier walls are often required to withstand the effects of missile impact. Potential missiles include external tornado generated missiles (steel rods, steel pipes, wooden poles, and automobiles), aircraft crash, and internal accident generated missiles (turbine blade, and steel pipe missiles resulting from pipe break). Impacting missiles can be classified as either ‘hard’ or ‘soft’ depending upon whether the missile deformability is small or large relative to the target deformability. This paper only deals with the effects of ‘hard’ missile impact. Missile velocities between 100 and 1500 ft/sec are emphasized. ‘Hard’ missile impact results in both local wall damage and in overall dynamic response of the target wall. Local damage consists of spalling of concrete from the front (impacted) face and scabbing of concrete from the rear face of the target together with missile penetration into the target. If damage is sufficient the missile may perforate or pass through the target. This paper reviews the various empirical procedures commonly used for determining penetration depth, perforation thickness, and scabbing thickness for concrete targets subjected to ‘hard’ missile impact. Results obtained from these procedures are compared with test data results for low velocity impacts (200–1500 ft/sec). Design recommendations to prevent detrimental local wall damage are presented. Overall dynamic response of the target wall consists of flexural deformations and a potential flexural or shear failure if the strain energy capacity of the wall does not exceed the kinetic energy input to the wall by the striking ‘hard’ missile. Simplified procedures are defined for determining the dynamic response of the target wall and for preventing overall failure of the wall. Included are procedures for defining the effective target mass to be used in determining the fraction of the total missile kinetic energy which is transferred or ‘input’ into the target wall. Also included are procedures for defining the total strain energy capacity of the target wall as determined from the moment and rotational capacities of flexural yield hinges and the yield line deformation pattern of the wall. Lastly, criteria for preventing a premature shear failure are presented.
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