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Propellant

About: Propellant is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 19332 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 152894 citation(s).

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Book
01 Jan 1963-
Abstract: Classification definitions and fundamentals nozzle theory and thermodynamic relations flight performance chemical rocket propellant performance analysis liquid propellant rocket engine fundamentals liquid propellants thrust chambers combustion of liquid propellants turbopumps, engine design, engine controls, calibration, integration and optimization solid propellant rocket fundamentals solid propellants combustion of solid propellants solid rocket components and motor design hybrid propellant rockets thrust vector control selection of rocket propulsion systems rocket exhaust plumes electric propulsion rocket testing.

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2,307 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Results on controlled continuous spin detonation of various fuels in liquid-propellant rocket motors and ramjet combustors are reported. Schemes of chambers, combustion in transverse detonation waves, and typical photographic records of transverse detonation waves are given. The flow structure, existence conditions, and basic properties of continuous detonation are considered. An analysis of physical, chemical, and geometric parameters determining spin detonation is presented. Results of studying continuous spin detonation of C 2 H 2 + air and H 2 + air mixtures in an annular ducted chamber 30.6 cm in diameter are reported. The range of existence of continuous spin detonation in fuel-air mixtures is determined as a function of the governing parameters. In the case of high-quality mixing, the transverse detonation wave velocity and structure are extremely stable in a wide range of the ratios of propellant components and in the examined range of pressures in the chamber.

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490 citations


Book
01 Aug 1995-
Abstract: List of Authors and Editors Preface Chapter 1 Introduction to Space Propulsion 1.1 Rocket Fundamentals 1.2 The Design Process Chapter 2 Mission Analysis 2.1 Keplerian Orbits 2.2 Orbit Perturbations 2.3 Orbit Maneuvering 2.4 Launch Windows 2.5 Orbit Maintenance 2.6 Earth to Orbit Chapter 3 Thermodynamics of Fluid Flow 3.1 Mass Transfer 3.2 Thermodynamic Relations (Energy and Entropy) 3.3 Thrust Equations 3.4 Heat Addition 3.5 HEat Transfer 3.6 Design Example-Cold-Gas Thruster Chapter 4 Thermochemistry 4.1 The Chemical Heat Source: Bond Energy 4.2 Thermochemistry Basics 4.3 Products of Combustion 4.4 Flame Temperature: The Available-Heat Method 4.5 Chemical Kinetics: The Speed of the Chemical Reactions 4.6 Combustion of Liquids vs.Solids 4.7 Propellant Characteristics and Their Implications 4.8 Key Thermochemical Parameters: The Bottom Line Chapter 5 Liquid Rocket Propulsion Systems 5.1 History 5.2 Design Process 5.3 Preliminary Design Decisions 5.4 System Sizing, Design, and Trade-off 5.5 Case Study Chapter 6 Solid Rocket Motors 6.1 Background 6.2 Design Process 6.3 Preliminary Sizing 6.4 Solid Rocket Propellants 6.5 Performance Prediction 6.6 Case Study Chapter 7 Hybrid Rocket Propulsion Systems 7.1 History 7.2 Hybrid-Motor Ballistics 7.3 Design Process 7.4 Preliminary Design Decisions 7.5 Performance Estimate 7.6 Preliminary Component Design 7.7 Case Study Chapter 8 Nuclear Rocket Propulsion Systems 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Design Process 8.3 Preliminary Design Decisions 8.4 Size the Reactor 8.5 Size the Radiation Shield 8.6 Evaluate Vehicle Operation 8.7 Case Study Chapter 9 Electric Rocket Propulsion Systems 9.1 History and Status 9.2 Design Process 9.3 Specify the Mission 9.4 Select an Electric Thruster 9.5 Select Space Power 9.6 Assess System Performance 9.7 Evaluate the System 9.8 Case Study Chapter 10 Mission Design Case Study 10.1 Define Mission Requirements 10.2 Develop Criteria to Evaluate and Select a System 10.3 Develop Alternative Mission Concepts 10.4 Define the Vehicle System and Select Potential Technologies 10.5 Develop Preliminary Designs for the Propulsion System 10.6 Assess Designs and Configurations 10.7 Compare Designs and Choose the Best Option Chapter 11 Advanced Propulsion Systems 11.1 Air-Augmented Rockets 11.2 Rocket Advancements 11.3 Nonrocket Advancements 11.4 Interstellar Flight Appendix A Units and Conversions Factors Appendix B Thermochemical Data for Selected Propellants Appendix C Launch Vehicles and Staging Index

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440 citations


ReportDOI
01 Jun 1971-
Abstract: : Beginning in the mid-1950s, when elements other than the conventional carbon hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine, and fluorine came into consideration as rocket propellant ingredients, formidable difficulties were encountered in conducting rigorous theoretical performance calculations for these new propellants. The first major problem was calculational techniques. The second was the lack of accurate thermodynamic data. By the end of 1959, the calculational technique problem had been substantially resolved by applying the method of minimization of free energy to large, high-speed digital computers. At time point the calculations became as accurate as the thermodynamic data upon which they were based. However, serious gaps were present in the available data. For propellant ingredients, only the standard heat of formation is required to conduct a performance calculation. However, this must be known to a high degree of accuracy. For combustion products, the enthalpy and entropy must be known, as a function of temperature, in addition to the standard heat of formation. In order to resolve the problem, a substantial experimental thermodynamic research program was initiated. Simultaneously, a project was initiated to critically evaluate and compile consistent tables of thermodynamic properties of propellant combustion products for use by the aerospace industry.

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419 citations


D. T. Harrje1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1972-
Abstract: The solution of problems of combustion instability for more effective communication between the various workers in this field is considered. The extent of combustion instability problems in liquid propellant rocket engines and recommendations for their solution are discussed. The most significant developments, both theoretical and experimental, are presented, with emphasis on fundamental principles and relationships between alternative approaches.

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416 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202213
2021436
2020561
2019673
2018582
2017597

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Kenneth K. Kuo

98 papers, 1.4K citations

Luciano Galfetti

47 papers, 996 citations

Steven F. Son

43 papers, 618 citations

Thomas L. Jackson

34 papers, 505 citations

Vigor Yang

29 papers, 994 citations