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Proteus vulgaris

About: Proteus vulgaris is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 1546 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 28645 citation(s). more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1365-2672.1992.TB05007.X
Abstract: A physiologically diverse range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria was found to be susceptible to inhibition and inactivation by lactoferricin B, a peptide produced by gastric pepsin digestion of bovine lactoferrin. The list of susceptible organisms includes Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris, Yersinia enterocolitica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Campylobacter jejuni, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Listeria monocytogenes and Clostridium perfringens. Concentrations of lactoferricin B required to cause complete inhibition of growth varied within the range of 0.3 to 150 micrograms/ml, depending on the strain and the culture medium used. The peptide showed activity against E. coli O111 over the range of pH 5.5 to 7.5 and was most effective under slightly alkaline conditions. Its antibacterial effectiveness was reduced in the presence of Na+, K+, Mg2+ or Ca2+ ions, or in the presence of various buffer salts. Lactoferricin B was lethal, causing a rapid loss of colony-forming capability in most of the species tested. Pseudomonas fluorescens, Enterococcus faecalis and Bifidobacterium bifidum strains were highly resistant to this peptide. more

Topics: Lactoferricin (71%), Antibacterial agent (55%), Proteus vulgaris (53%) more

565 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1099/JMM.0.46124-0
Margaret Ip1, Sau Lai Lui, Vincent K. M. Poon, Ivan Lung  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: A range of silver-coated or -impregnated dressings are now commercially available for use but comparative data on their antimicrobial efficacies are limited. The antibacterial activities of five commercially available silver-coated/impregnated dressings were compared against nine common burn-wound pathogens, namely methicillin-sensitive and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Proteus vulgaris, Acinetobacter baumannii and a multi-drug-efflux-positive Acinetobacter baumannii (BM4454), using a broth culture method. The rapidity and extent of killing of these pathogens under in vitro conditions were evaluated. All five silver-impregnated dressings investigated exerted bactericidal activity, particularly against Gram-negative bacteria, including Enterobacter species, Proteus species and E. coli. The spectrum and rapidity of action, however, ranged widely for different dressings. Acticoat and Contreet had a broad spectrum of bactericidal activities against both Gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Contreet was characterized by a very rapid bactericidal action and achieved a reduction of > or =10,000 c.f.u. ml(-1) in the first 30 min for Enterobacter cloacae, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii. Other dressings demonstrated a narrower range of bactericidal activities. Understanding the characteristics of these dressings may enable them to be targeted more appropriately according to the specific requirements for use of a particular dressing, as in for prophylaxis in skin grafting or for an infected wound with MRSA. more

Topics: Enterobacter cloacae (54%), Acinetobacter baumannii (54%), Antimicrobial (53%) more

538 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1128/AAC.14.3.414
Abstract: CP-45,899 {3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo(3.2.0)heptane-2-carboxylic acid, 4,4-dioxide, [2S-(2α,5α)]} is an irreversible inhibitor of several bacterial penicillinases and cephalosporinases. In the presence of low concentrations of CP-45,899, ampicillin and other β-lactams readily inhibit the growth of a variety of resistant bacteria that contain β-lactamases. CP-45,899 used alone displays only weak antibacterial activity, with the notable exception of its potent effects on susceptible and resistant strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae . CP-45,899 appears to be somewhat less potent but markedly more stable (in aqueous solution) than the recently described β-lactamase inhibitor clavulanic acid. The spectrum extensions provided by the two compounds are similar. A 1:1 mixture of CP-45,899 and ampicillin displays marked antimicrobial activity in mice experimentally infected with ampicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae , and Proteus vulgaris . more

Topics: Proteus vulgaris (53%), Clavulanic acid (52%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (51%) more

380 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1023/B:ANTO.0000020148.45523.41
Abstract: Pseudomonas aeruginosa LBI isolated from petroleum-contaminated soil produced rhamnolipids (RLLBI) when cultivated on soapstock as the sole carbon source. HPLC–MS analysis of the purified culture supernatant identified 6 RL homologues (%): R2 C10 C10 28.9; R2 C10 C12:1 23.0; R1 C10 C10 23.4; R2 C10 C12 11.3; R2 C10 C12 7.9; R2 C10 C12 5.5. To assess the potential antimicrobial activity of the new rhamnolipid product, RLLBI, its physicochemical properties were studied. RLLBI had a surface tension of 24 mN m−1 and an interfacial tension of 1.31 mN m−1; the cmc was 120 mg l−1. RLLBI produced stable emulsions with hydrocarbons and vegetable oils. This product showed good antimicrobial behaviour against bacteria: MIC for Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris was 8 mg l−1, for Streptococcus faecalis 4 mg l−1, and for Pseudomonas aeruginosa 32 mg l−1. RLLBI was active against phytopathogenic fungal species, MIC values of 32 mg l−1 being found against Penicillium, Alternaria, Gliocadium virens and Chaetonium globosum. Due to its physicochemical properties and antimicrobial behaviour, RLLBI could be used in bioremediation treatment and in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. more

Topics: Rhamnolipid (54%), Antimicrobial (51%), Proteus vulgaris (50%)

330 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1128/MMBR.61.1.65-89.1997
Abstract: The object of this review is the genus Proteus, which contains bacteria considered now to belong to the opportunistic pathogens. Widely distributed in nature (in soil, water, and sewage), Proteus species play a significant ecological role. When present in the niches of higher macroorganisms, these species are able to evoke pathological events in different regions of the human body. The invaders (Proteus mirabilis, P. vulgaris, and P. penneri) have numerous factors including fimbriae, flagella, outer membrane proteins, lipopolysaccharide, capsule antigen, urease, immunoglobulin A proteases, hemolysins, amino acid deaminases, and, finally, the most characteristic attribute of Proteus, swarming growth, enabling them to colonize and survive in higher organisms. All these features and factors are described and commented on in detail. The questions important for future investigation of these facultatively pathogenic microorganisms are also discussed. more

Topics: Proteus Infections (68%), Proteus mirabilis (64%), Proteus (61%) more

300 Citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Yuriy A. Knirel

31 papers, 334 citations

Antoni Rozalski

24 papers, 550 citations

Alexander S. Shashkov

17 papers, 190 citations

Andrei V. Perepelov

16 papers, 140 citations

Beata Bartodziejska

14 papers, 129 citations

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