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Prototype filter

About: Prototype filter is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 12572 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 199992 citation(s).

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01 Jan 2001
Abstract: Preface to the Second Edition. Preface to the First Edition. 1 Introduction. 2 Network Analysis. 2.1 Network Variables. 2.2 Scattering Parameters. 2.3 Short-Circuit Admittance Parameters. 2.4 Open-Circuit Impedance Parameters. 2.5 ABCD Parameters. 2.6 Transmission-Line Networks. 2.7 Network Connections. 2.8 Network Parameter Conversions. 2.9 Symmetrical Network Analysis. 2.10 Multiport Networks. 2.11 Equivalent and Dual Network. 2.12 Multimode Networks. 3 Basic Concepts and Theories of Filters. 3.1 Transfer Functions. 3.2 Lowpass Prototype Filters and Elements. 3.3 Frequency and Element Transformations. 3.4 Immittance Inverters. 3.5 Richards' Transformation and Kuroda Identities. 3.6 Dissipation and Unloaded Quality Factor. 4 Transmission Lines and Components. 4.1 Microstrip Lines. 4.2 Coupled Lines. 4.3 Discontinuities and Components. 4.4 Other Types of Microstrip Lines. 4.5 Coplanar Waveguide (CPW). 4.6 Slotlines. 5 Lowpass and Bandpass Filters. 5.1 Lowpass Filters. 5.2 Bandpass Filters. 6 Highpass and Bandstop Filters. 6.1 Highpass Filters. 6.2 Bandstop Filters. 7 Coupled-Resonator Circuits. 7.1 General Coupling Matrix for Coupled-Resonator Filters. 7.2 General Theory of Couplings. 7.3 General Formulation for Extracting Coupling Coefficient k. 7.4 Formulation for Extracting External Quality Factor Qe. 7.5 Numerical Examples. 7.6 General Coupling Matrix Including Source and Load. 8 CAD for Low-Cost and High-Volume Production. 8.1 Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Tools. 8.2 Computer-Aided Analysis (CAA). 8.3 Filter Synthesis by Optimization. 8.4 CAD Examples. 9 Advanced RF/Microwave Filters. 9.1 Selective Filters with a Single Pair of Transmission Zeros. 9.2 Cascaded Quadruplet (CQ) Filters. 9.3 Trisection and Cascaded Trisection (CT) Filters. 9.4 Advanced Filters with Transmission-Line Inserted Inverters. 9.5 Linear-Phase Filters. 9.6 Extracted Pole Filters. 9.7 Canonical Filters. 9.8 Multiband Filters. 10 Compact Filters and Filter Miniaturization. 10.1 Miniature Open-Loop and Hairpin Resonator Filters. 10.2 Slow-Wave Resonator Filters. 10.3 Miniature Dual-Mode Resonator Filters. 10.4 Lumped-Element Filters. 10.5 Miniature Filters Using High Dielectric-Constant Substrates. 10.6 Multilayer Filters. 11 Superconducting Filters. 11.1 High-Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Materials. 11.2 HTS Filters for Mobile Communications. 11.3 HTS Filters for Satellite Communications. 11.4 HTS Filters for Radio Astronomy and Radar. 11.5 High-Power HTS Filters. 11.6 Cryogenic Package. 12 Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Filters. 12.1 UWB Filters with Short-Circuited Stubs. 12.2 UWB-Coupled Resonator Filters. 12.3 Quasilumped Element UWB Filters. 12.4 UWB Filters Using Cascaded Miniature High- And Lowpass Filters. 12.5 UWB Filters with Notch Band(s). 13 Tunable and Reconfigurable Filters. 13.1 Tunable Combline Filters. 13.2 Tunable Open-Loop Filters without Via-Hole Grounding. 13.3 Reconfigurable Dual-Mode Bandpass Filters. 13.4 Wideband Filters with Reconfigurable Bandwidth. 13.5 Reconfigurable UWB Filters. 13.6 RF MEMS Reconfigurable Filters. 13.7 Piezoelectric Transducer Tunable Filters. 13.8 Ferroelectric Tunable Filters. Appendix: Useful Constants and Data. A.1 Physical Constants. A.2 Conductivity of Metals at 25 C (298K). A.3 Electical Resistivity rho in 10-8 m of Metals. A.4 Properties of Dielectric Substrates. Index.

4,365 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters of arbitrary orientations from linear combinations of basis filters, allowing one to adaptively steer a filter to any orientation, and to determine analytically the filter output as a function of orientation.
Abstract: The authors present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters of arbitrary orientations from linear combinations of basis filters, allowing one to adaptively steer a filter to any orientation, and to determine analytically the filter output as a function of orientation. Steerable filters may be designed in quadrature pairs to allow adaptive control over phase as well as orientation. The authors show how to design and steer the filters and present examples of their use in the analysis of orientation and phase, angularly adaptive filtering, edge detection, and shape from shading. One can also build a self-similar steerable pyramid representation. The same concepts can be generalized to the design of 3-D steerable filters. >

3,263 citations

01 Jan 2003
TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-anatomy of Adaptive Filters, a system of filters and algorithms that automates the very labor-intensive and therefore time-heavy and expensive process of designing and implementing these filters.
Abstract: Preface. Acknowledgments. Notation. Symbols. Optimal Estimation. Linear Estimation. Constrained Linear Estimation. Steepest-Descent Algorithms. Stochastic-Gradient Algorithms. Steady-State Performance of Adaptive Filters. Tracking Performance of Adaptive Filters. Finite Precision Effects. Transient Performance of Adaptive Filters. Block Adaptive Filters. The Least-Squares Criterion. Recursive Least-Squares. RLS Array Algorithms. Fast Fixed-Order Filters. Lattice Filters. Laguerre Adaptive Filters. Robust Adaptive Filters. Bibliography. Author Index. Subject Index. AC

1,987 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2002
Abstract: The outline of this chapter is as follows. Section 2 reviews various types of existing finite impulse response (FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) two-channel filter banks. The basic operations of these filter banks are considered and the requirements are stated for alias-free, perfect-reconstruction (PR), and nearly perfect-reconstruction (NPR) filter banks. Also some efficient synthesis techniques are referred to. Furthermore, examples are included to compare various two-channel filter banks with each other. Section 3 concentrates on the design of multi-channel (M-channel) uniform filter banks. The main emphasis is laid on designing these banks using tree-structured filter banks with the aid of two-channel filter banks and on generating the overall bank with the aid of a single prototype filter and a proper cosine-modulation or MDFT technique. In Section 4, it is shown how octave filter banks can be generated using a single two-channel filter bank as the basic building block. Also, the relations between the frequency-selective octave filter banks and discrete-time wavelet banks are briefly discussed. Finally, concluding remarks are given in Section 5.

1,556 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A general-purpose computer program which is capable of designing a large Class of optimum (in the minimax sense) FIR linear phase digital filters and is shown to be exceedingly efficient.
Abstract: This paper presents a general-purpose computer program which is capable of designing a large Class of optimum (in the minimax sense) FIR linear phase digital filters. The program has options for designing such standard filters as low-pass, high-pass, bandpass, and bandstop filters, as well as multipassband-stopband filters, differentiators, and Hilbert transformers. The program can also be used to design filters which approximate arbitrary frequency specifications which are provided by the user. The program is written in Fortran, and is carefully documented both by comments and by detailed flowcharts. The filter design algorithm is shown to be exceedingly efficient, e.g., it is capable of designing a filter with a 100-point impulse response in about 20 s.

1,137 citations

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