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PTEN

About: PTEN is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 13129 publications have been published within this topic receiving 654361 citations.


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Journal ArticleDOI
28 Mar 1997-Science
TL;DR: The PTEN product has a protein tyrosine phosphatase domain and extensive homology to tensin, a protein that interacts with actin filaments at focal adhesions as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Mapping of homozygous deletions on human chromosome 10q23 has led to the isolation of a candidate tumor suppressor gene, PTEN, that appears to be mutated at considerable frequency in human cancers. In preliminary screens, mutations of PTEN were detected in 31% (13/42) of glioblastoma cell lines and xenografts, 100% (4/4) of prostate cancer cell lines, 6% (4/65) of breast cancer cell lines and xenografts, and 17% (3/18) of primary glioblastomas. The predicted PTEN product has a protein tyrosine phosphatase domain and extensive homology to tensin, a protein that interacts with actin filaments at focal adhesions. These homologies suggest that PTEN may suppress tumor cell growth by antagonizing protein tyrosine kinases and may regulate tumor cell invasion and metastasis through interactions at focal adhesions.

4,927 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Gad Getz1, Stacey Gabriel1, Kristian Cibulskis1, Eric S. Lander1  +280 moreInstitutions (31)
02 May 2013-Nature
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors performed an integrated genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic characterization of 373 endometrial carcinomas using array-and-sequencing-based technologies, and classified them into four categories: POLE ultramutated, microsatellite instability hypermutated, copy-number low, and copy number high.
Abstract: We performed an integrated genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic characterization of 373 endometrial carcinomas using array- and sequencing-based technologies. Uterine serous tumours and ∼25% of high-grade endometrioid tumours had extensive copy number alterations, few DNA methylation changes, low oestrogen receptor/progesterone receptor levels, and frequent TP53 mutations. Most endometrioid tumours had few copy number alterations or TP53 mutations, but frequent mutations in PTEN, CTNNB1, PIK3CA, ARID1A and KRAS and novel mutations in the SWI/SNF chromatin remodelling complex gene ARID5B. A subset of endometrioid tumours that we identified had a markedly increased transversion mutation frequency and newly identified hotspot mutations in POLE. Our results classified endometrial cancers into four categories: POLE ultramutated, microsatellite instability hypermutated, copy-number low, and copy-number high. Uterine serous carcinomas share genomic features with ovarian serous and basal-like breast carcinomas. We demonstrated that the genomic features of endometrial carcinomas permit a reclassification that may affect post-surgical adjuvant treatment for women with aggressive tumours.

3,719 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that overexpression of PTEN, a putative tumor suppressor, reduced insulin-induced PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 production in human 293 cells without effecting insulin- induced phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation.

3,069 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Previously undescribed prognostic subclasses of high-grade astrocytoma are identified and discovered to resemble stages in neurogenesis, suggesting functional relevance of tumor subtype molecular signatures is suggested by the ability of cell line signatures to predict neurosphere growth.

2,840 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Aberrant expression of miR-21 can contribute to HCC growth and spread by modulating PTEN expression and PTEN-dependent pathways involved in mediating phenotypic characteristics of cancer cells such as cell growth, migration, and invasion.

2,640 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20232,444
20221,402
2021818
2020948
2019934
2018894