Topic

# PWM rectifier

About: PWM rectifier is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2254 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 25614 citation(s).

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TL;DR: In this article, the operation and control of a variable-speed wind generator is described, which is connected to the power network by means of a fully controlled frequency converter, which consists of a pulsewidth modulation (PWM) rectifier, an intermediate dc circuit, and a PWM inverter.

Abstract: Wind energy is a prominent area of application of variable-speed generators operating on the constant grid frequency. This paper describes the operation and control of one of these variable-speed wind generators: the direct driven permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). This generator is connected to the power network by means of a fully controlled frequency converter, which consists of a pulsewidth-modulation (PWM) rectifier, an intermediate dc circuit, and a PWM inverter. The generator is controlled to obtain maximum power from the incident wind with maximum efficiency under different load conditions. Vector control of the grid-side inverter allows power factor regulation of the windmill. This paper shows the dynamic performance of the complete system. Different experimental tests in a 3-kW prototype have been carried out to verify the benefits of the proposed system.

1,243 citations

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TL;DR: A new three-phase three-switch three-level pulsewidth modulated (PWM) rectifier system is developed that can be characterized by sinusoidal mains current consumption, controlled output voltage, and low-blocking voltage stress on the power transistors.

Abstract: Based on the combination of a three-phase diode bridge and a DC/DC boost converter, a new three-phase three-switch three-level pulsewidth modulated (PWM) rectifier system is developed. It can be characterized by sinusoidal mains current consumption, controlled output voltage, and low-blocking voltage stress on the power transistors. The application could be, e.g., for feeding the DC link of a telecommunications power supply module. The stationary operational behavior, the control of the mains currents, and the control of the output voltage are analyzed. Finally, the stresses on the system components are determined by digital simulation and compared to the stresses in a conventional six-switch two-level PWM rectifier system.

477 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the minimum ripple energy storage requirement is derived independently of a specific topology, and the feasibility of the active capacitor's reduction schemes is verified based on the minimum energy requirement, which can effectively reduce the energy storage capacitance.

Abstract: It is well known that single-phase pulse width modulation rectifiers have second-order harmonic currents and corresponding ripple voltages on the dc bus. The low-frequency harmonic current is normally filtered using a bulk capacitor in the bus, which results in low power density. However, pursuing high power density in converter design is a very important goal in the aerospace applications. This paper studies methods for reducing the energy storage capacitor for single-phase rectifiers. The minimum ripple energy storage requirement is derived independently of a specific topology. Based on the minimum ripple energy requirement, the feasibility of the active capacitor's reduction schemes is verified. Then, we propose a bidirectional buck-boost converter as the ripple energy storage circuit, which can effectively reduce the energy storage capacitance. The analysis and design are validated by simulation and experimental results.

409 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the volume of the cooling system and of the main passive components for the basic forms of power electronics energy conversion in dependency of the switching frequency and determined switching frequencies minimizing the total volume.

Abstract: Power density of power electronic converters in different applications has roughly doubled every 10 years since 1970. Behind this trajectory was the continuous advancement of power semiconductor device technology allowing an increase of converter switching frequencies by a factor of 10 every decade. However, today's cooling concepts, and passive components and wire bond interconnection technologies could be major barriers for a continuation of this trend. For identifying and quantifying such technological barriers this paper investigates the volume of the cooling system and of the main passive components for the basic forms of power electronics energy conversion in dependency of the switching frequency and determines switching frequencies minimizing the total volume. The analysis is for 5 kW rated output power, high performance air cooling, advanced power semiconductors, and single systems in all cases. A power density limit of 28 kW/dm3@300 kHz is calculated for an isolated DC-DC converter considering only transformer, output inductor and heat sink volume. For single-phase AC-DC conversion a general limit of 35 kW/dm3 results from the DC link capacitor required for buffering the power fluctuating with twice the mains frequency. For a three-phase unity power factor PWM rectifier the limit is 45 kW/dm3@810 kHz just taking into account EMI filter and cooling system. For the sparse matrix converter the limiting components are the input EMI filter and the common mode output inductor; the power density limit is 71 kW/dm3@50 kHz when not considering the cooling system. The calculated power density limits highlight the major importance of broadening the scope of research in power electronics from traditional areas like converter topologies, and modulation and control concepts to cooling systems, high frequency electromagnetics, interconnection technology, multi-functional integration, packaging and multi-domain modeling and simulation to ensure further advancement of the field along the power density trajectory.

328 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a predictive direct power control (DPC) was proposed for three-phase pulsewidth modulation rectifier with constant switching frequency using space vector modulation (SVM).

Abstract: In this paper, we present a direct power control (DPC) of three-phase pulsewidth modulation rectifier with constant switching frequency using space-vector modulation (SVM). The developed DPC scheme is based on the predictive control strategy to achieve direct control of instantaneous active and reactive power of the converter. For this purpose, at the beginning of each switching period, the required rectifier average voltage vector allowing the cancellation of active and reactive power tracking errors, at the end of the switching period, is calculated by means of predictive control algorithm in the sense of deadbeat control. The main advantages of the proposed control, compared to the works published in this subject, are that no need to use predefined switching table and voltage vector or virtual flux position, PI-based active and reactive power control loops are not necessary and constant-switching frequency. The proposed predictive direct power control was tested both in simulations and experimentally and compared with DPC using switching table. Results have proved excellent performance, and verify the validity of the proposed DPC scheme, which is much better than conventional DPC using switching table.

314 citations