Topic

# Quantum dot cellular automaton

About: Quantum dot cellular automaton is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1521 publications have been published within this topic receiving 33041 citations.

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a new paradigm for computing with cellular automata (CAS) composed of arrays of quantum devices, which is called edge driven computing (EDC), where input, output and power are delivered at the edge of the CA array only; no direct flow of information or energy to internal cells is required.

Abstract: The authors formulate a new paradigm for computing with cellular automata (CAS) composed of arrays of quantum devices-quantum cellular automata. Computing in such a paradigm is edge driven. Input, output, and power are delivered at the edge of the CA array only; no direct flow of information or energy to internal cells is required. Computing in this paradigm is also computing with the ground state. The architecture is so designed that the ground-state configuration of the array, subject to boundary conditions determined by the input, yields the computational result. The authors propose a specific realization of these ideas using two-electron cells composed of quantum dots. The charge density in the cell is very highly polarized (aligned) along one of the two cell axes, suggestive of a two-state CA. The polarization of one cell induces a polarization in a neighboring cell through the Coulomb interaction in a very non-linear fashion. Quantum cellular automata can perform useful computing. The authors show that AND gates, OR gates, and inverters can be constructed and interconnected.

1,540 citations

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TL;DR: This work examines the possible implementation of logic devices using coupled quantum dot cells, which use these cells to design inverters, programmable logic gates, dedicated AND and OR gates, and non‐interfering wire crossings.

Abstract: We examine the possible implementation of logic devices using coupled quantum dot cells. Each quantum cell contains two electrons which interact Coulombically with neighboring cells. The charge distribution in each cell tends to align along one of two perpendicular axes, which allows the encoding of binary information using the state of the cell. The state of each cell is affected in a very nonlinear way by the states of its neighbors. A line of these cells can be used to transmit binary information. We use these cells to design inverters, programmable logic gates, dedicated AND and OR gates, and non‐interfering wire crossings. Complex arrays are simulated which implement the exclusive‐OR function and a single‐bit full adder.

1,149 citations

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01 Apr 1997TL;DR: A new adiabatic switching paradigm is developed which permits clocked control, eliminates metastability problems, and enables a pipelined architecture.

Abstract: We describe a paradigm for computing with interacting quantum dots, quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA). We show how arrays of quantum-dot cells could be used to perform useful computations. A new adiabatic switching paradigm is developed which permits clocked control, eliminates metastability problems, and enables a pipelined architecture.

1,127 citations

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TL;DR: The basic MQCA logic Gate, that is, the three-input majority logic gate, is demonstrated and described.

Abstract: We describe the operation of, and demonstrate logic functionality in, networks of physically coupled, nanometer-scale magnets designed for digital computation in magnetic quantum-dot cellular automata (MQCA) systems. MQCA offer low power dissipation and high integration density of functional elements and operate at room temperature. The basic MQCA logic gate, that is, the three-input majority logic gate, is demonstrated.

907 citations

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TL;DR: This paper describes a project to create a novel design and simulation tool for quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA), namely QCADesigner, which has already been used to design full-adders, barrel shifters, random-access memories, etc.

Abstract: This paper describes a project to create a novel design and simulation tool for quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA), namely QCADesigner. QCA logic and circuit designers require a rapid and accurate simulation and design layout tool to determine the functionality of QCA circuits. QCADesigner gives the designer the ability to quickly layout a QCA design by providing an extensive set of CAD tools. As well, several simulation engines facilitate rapid and accurate simulation. This tool has already been used to design full-adders, barrel shifters, random-access memories, etc. These verified layouts provide motivation to continue efforts toward a final implementation of QCA circuits.

827 citations