About: Quenching (fluorescence) is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 23455 publications have been published within this topic receiving 654300 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 1983
TL;DR: This book describes the fundamental aspects of fluorescence, the biochemical applications of this methodology, and the instrumentation used in fluorescence spectroscopy.
Abstract: Fluorescence methods are being used increasingly in biochemical, medical, and chemical research. This is because of the inherent sensitivity of this technique. and the favorable time scale of the phenomenon of fluorescence. 8 Fluorescence emission occurs about 10- sec (10 nsec) after light absorp tion. During this period of time a wide range of molecular processes can occur, and these can effect the spectral characteristics of the fluorescent compound. This combination of sensitivity and a favorable time scale allows fluorescence methods to be generally useful for studies of proteins and membranes and their interactions with other macromolecules. This book describes the fundamental aspects of fluorescence. and the biochemical applications of this methodology. Each chapter starts with the -theoreticalbasis of each phenomenon of fluorescence, followed by examples which illustrate the use of the phenomenon in the study of biochemical problems. The book contains numerous figures. It is felt that such graphical presentations contribute to pleasurable reading and increased understand ing. Separate chapters are devoted to fluorescence polarization, lifetimes, quenching, energy transfer, solvent effects, and excited state reactions. To enhance the usefulness of this work as a textbook, problems are included which illustrate the concepts described in each chapter. Furthermore, a separate chapter is devoted to the instrumentation used in fluorescence spectroscopy. This chapter will be especially valuable for those perform ing or contemplating fluorescence measurements. Such measurements are easily compromised by failure to consider a number of simple principles."
TL;DR: In this article, the quantum yield of non-cyclic electron transport was found to be directly proportional to the product of the photochemical fluorescence quenching (qQ) and the efficiency of excitation capture by open Photosystem II (PS II) reaction centres (Fv/Fm).
TL;DR: In this article, the rate constants of 60 typical electron donor-acceptor systems have been measured in de-oxygenated acetonitrile and are shown to be correlated with the free enthalpy change, ΔG23, involved in the actual electron transfer process.
Abstract: Fluorescence quenching rate constants, kq, ranging from 106 to 2 × 1010 M−1 sec−1, of more than 60 typical electron donor-acceptor systems have been measured in de-oxygenated acetonitrile and are shown to be correlated with the free enthalpy change, ΔG23, involved in the actual electron transfer process in the encounter complex and varying between + 5 and −60 kcal/mole. The correlation which is based on the mechanism of adiabatic outer-sphere electron transfer requires ΔG≠23, the activation free enthalpy of this process to be a monotonous function of ΔG23 and allows the calculation of rate constants of electron transfer quenching from spectroscopic and electrochemical data. A detailed study of some systems where the calculated quenching constants differ from the experimental ones by several orders of magnitude revealed that the quenching mechanism operative in these cases was hydrogen-atom rather than electron transfer. The conditions under which these different mechanisms apply and their consequences are discussed.
TL;DR: By varying the distance between molecule and particle, this work shows the first experimental measurement demonstrating the continuous transition from fluorescence enhancement to fluorescence quenching.
Abstract: We present an experimental and theoretical study of the fluorescence rate of a single molecule as a function of its distance to a laser-irradiated gold nanoparticle. The local field enhancement leads to an increased excitation rate whereas nonradiative energy transfer to the particle leads to a decrease of the quantum yield (quenching). Because of these competing effects, previous experiments showed either fluorescence enhancement or fluorescence quenching. By varying the distance between molecule and particle we show the first experimental measurement demonstrating the continuous transition from fluorescence enhancement to fluorescence quenching. This transition cannot be explained by treating the particle as a polarizable sphere in the dipole approximation.
TL;DR: It is shown that the modulation fluorometer, in combination with the application of saturating light pulses, provides essential information beyond that obtained with conventional chlorophyll fluorometers.
Abstract: A newly developed fluorescence measuring system is employed for the recording of chlorophyll fluorescence induction kinetics (Kautsky-effect) and for the continuous determination of the photochemical and non-photochemical components of fluorescence quenching. The measuring system, which is based on a pulse modulation principle, selectively monitors the fluorescence yield of a weak measuring beam and is not affected even by extremely high intensities of actinic light. By repetitive application of short light pulses of saturating intensity, the fluorescence yield at complete suppression of photochemical quenching is repetitively recorded, allowing the determination of continuous plots of photochemical quenching and non-photochemical quenching. Such plots are compared with the time courses of variable fluorescence at different intensities of actinic illumination. The differences between the observed kinetics are discussed. It is shown that the modulation fluorometer, in combination with the application of saturating light pulses, provides essential information beyond that obtained with conventional chlorophyll fluorometers.
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