About: Quinazoline is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 3645 publications have been published within this topic receiving 46384 citations. The topic is also known as: benzo[a]pyrimidine & Chinazolin.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: This review covers the isolation, structure determination, synthesis and biological activity of quinoline, quinazoline and acridone alkaloids from plant, microbial and animal sources.
Abstract: Covering: July 2005 to June 2006. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2007, 24, 223–246 This review covers the isolation, structure determination, synthesis and biological activity of quinoline, quinazoline and acridone alkaloids from plant, microbial and animal sources; 115 references are cited.
11 Jul 1997
TL;DR: Substituted heteroaromatic compounds of formula (I) and in particular substituted quinolines and quinazolines, are protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
Abstract: Substituted heteroaromatic compounds of formula (I) and in particular substituted quinolines and quinazolines, are protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The compounds are described as are methods for their preparation, pharmaceutical compositions including such compounds and their use in medicine, for example in the treatment of cancer and psoriasis, or a salt or solvate thereof; wherein X is N or CH; Y is a group W(CH2), (CH2)W, or W, in which W is O, S(O)m wherein m is 0, 1 or 2, or NRa wherein Ra is hydrogen or a C?1-8? alkyl group; R?1? represents a phenyl group or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic ring containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S(O)?m?, wherein m is as defined above, with the provisos that the ring does not contain two adjacent O or S(O)m atoms and that where the ring contains only N as heteroatom(s) the ring is C-linked to the quinazoline or quinoline ring, R?1? being optionally substituted by one or more R3 groups; P = 0 to 3; U, R2, R3 are as defined in the application.
TL;DR: It is proposed that certain substituted analogues possess the ability to induce a change in the conformation of the receptor when they bind, and there is some bulk tolerance for substitution in the 6- and 7-positions of the quinazoline, so that 32 is not the optimal inhibitor for the induced conformation.
Abstract: 4-(3-Bromoanilino)-6,7-dimethoxyquinazoline (32, PD 153035) is a very potent inhibitor (IC50 0.025 nM) of the tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), binding competitively at the ATP site. Structure−activity relationships for close analogues of 32 are very steep. Some derivatives have IC50s up to 80-fold better than predicted from simple additive binding energy arguments, yet analogues possessing combinations of similar phenyl and quinazoline substituents do not show this “supra-additive” effect. Because some substituents which are mildly deactivating by themselves can be strongly activating when used in the correct combinations, it is proposed that certain substituted analogues possess the ability to induce a change in the conformation of the receptor when they bind. There is some bulk tolerance for substitution in the 6- and 7-positions of the quinazoline, so that 32 is not the optimal inhibitor for the induced conformation. The diethoxy derivative 56 [4-(3-bromoanilino)...
TL;DR: Inhibition of growth of human tumors in athymic mice has also been demonstrated: compound 34 inhibited the growth of established Calu-6 lung carcinoma xenograft by 75% (P < 0.001, one tailed t-test) following daily oral administration of 100 mg/kg for 21 days.
Abstract: A series of substituted 4-anilinoquinazolines and related compounds were synthesized as potential inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor (Flt and KDR) tyrosine kinase activity. Enzyme screening indicated that a narrow structure-activity relationship (SAR) existed for the bicyclic ring system, with quinazolines, quinolines, and cinnolines having activity and with quinazolines and quinolines generally being preferred. Substitution of the aniline was investigated and clearly indicated that small lipophilic substituents such as halogens or methyl were preferred at the C-4' position. Small substituents such as hydrogen and fluorine are preferred at the C-2' position. Introduction of a hydroxyl group at the meta position of the aniline produced the most potent inhibitors of Flt and KDR tyrosine kinases activity with IC(50) values in the nanomolar range (e.g. 10, 12, 13, 16, and 18). Investigation of the quinazoline C-6 and C-7 positions indicates that a large range of substituents are tolerated at C-7, whereas variation at the C-6 is more restricted. At C-7, neutral, basic, and heteroaromatic side chains led to very potent compounds, as illustrated by the methoxyethoxy derivative 13 (IC(50) < 2 nM). Our inhibitors proved to be very selective inhibitors of Flt and KDR tyrosine kinase activity when compared to that associated with the FGF receptor (50- to 3800-fold). Observed enzyme profiles translated well with respect to potency and selectivity for inhibition of growth factor stimulated proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Oral administration of selected compounds to mice produced total plasma levels 6 h after dosing of between 3 and 49 microM. In vivo efficacy was demonstrated in a rat uterine oedema assay where significant activity was achieved at 60 mg/kg with the meta hydroxy anilinoquinazoline 10. Inhibition of growth of human tumors in athymic mice has also been demonstrated: compound 34 inhibited the growth of established Calu-6 lung carcinoma xenograft by 75% (P < 0.001, one tailed t-test) following daily oral administration of 100 mg/kg for 21 days.
TL;DR: Overall, the quinazolines proved superior to previous analogues in terms of aqueous solubility, potency, and in vivo antitumor activity, and one example has been selected for clinical evaluation.
Abstract: 4-Anilinoquinazoline- and 4-anilinopyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine-6-acrylamides substituted with solubilizing 7-alkylamine or 7-alkoxyamine side chains were prepared by reaction of the corresponding 6-amines with acrylic acid or acrylic acid anhydrides. In the pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine series, the intermediate 6-amino-7-alkylamines were prepared from 7-bromo-6-fluoropyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine via Stille coupling with the appropriate stannane under palladium(0) catalysis. This proved a versatile method for the introduction of cationic solubilizing side chains. The compounds were evaluated for their inhibition of phosphorylation of the isolated EGFR enzyme and for inhibition of EGF-stimulated autophosphorylation of EGFR in A431 cells and of heregulin-stimulated autophosphorylation of erbB2 in MDA-MB 453 cells. Quinazoline analogues with 7-alkoxyamine solubilizing groups were potent irreversible inhibitors of the isolated EGFR enzyme, with IC50[app] values from 2 to 4 nM, and potently inhibited both EGFR and erbB2 autop...
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