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Radiation mode

About: Radiation mode is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4382 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 68967 citation(s).


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is shown that the micrometer-long silicon-on-insulator-based nanotaper coupler is able to efficiently convert both the mode field profile and the effective index, with a total length as short as 40 microm, during compact mode conversion between a fiber and a submicrometer waveguide.
Abstract: We propose and demonstrate an efficient coupler for compact mode conversion between a fiber and a submicrometer waveguide. The coupler is composed of high-index-contrast materials and is based on a short taper with a nanometer-sized tip. We show that the micrometer-long silicon-on-insulator-based nanotaper coupler is able to efficiently convert both the mode field profile and the effective index, with a total length as short as 40 microm. We measure an enhancement of the coupling efficiency between an optical fiber and a waveguide by 1 order of magnitude due to the coupler.

959 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A set of coupled-mode equations is derived to describe mode propagation in uniform and slightly nonuniform cylindrical optical-fiber systems. The coupling between fibers of an array made up of n identical fibers each at the vertex of a polygon and one at the center, which is not necessarily the same as its n neighbors, is determined. Examples of this array are two fibers, three fibers in a row, and a hexagonal array with a fiber in the center. Very simple expressions for the coupling coefficients are presented. Mode coupling on a lossy fiber is investigated and a simple expression for the loss of a HE11 mode is given.

652 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jul 1966
Abstract: A dielectric fibre with a refractive index higher than its surrounding region is a form of dielectric waveguide which represents a possible medium for the guided transmission of energy at optical frequencies. The particular type of dielectric-fibre waveguide discussed is one with a circular cross-section. The choice of the mode of propagation for a fibre waveguide used for communication purposes is governed by consideration of loss characteristics and information capacity. Dielectric loss, bending loss and radiation loss are discussed, and mode stability, dispersion and power handling are examined with respect to information capacity. Physical-realisation aspects are also discussed. Experimental investigations at both optical and microwave wavelengths are included.

577 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The WKB approximation is used to derive simple equations that predict the shape of the index profile from measured mode indices of a planar optical waveguide and results are compared with mathematical solutions for exponential, Fermi, and step distributions.
Abstract: The WKB approximation is used to derive simple equations that predict the shape of the index profile from measured mode indices of a planar optical waveguide. This nondestructive test is a useful tool in the study of diffused guides. The index profile is assumed either to decrease monotonically from the surface or to be symmetrical in the case of a buried guide. The approximation uses straight line segments to connect the measured points. Results are compared with mathematical solutions for exponential, Fermi, and step distributions and with other independent experimental observations of the profile in a nickel-diffused LiNbO(3) guide.

555 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We report on the waveguiding properties of a new type of low-loss optical waveguide. The photonic crystal fiber can be engineered to support only the fundamental guided mode at every wavelength within the transparency window of silica. Experimentally, a robust single mode has been observed over a wavelength range from 337nm to beyond 1550nm (restricted only by available wavelength sources). By studying the number of guided modes for fibers with different parameters and the use of an effective index model we are able to quantify the requirements for monomode operation. The requirements are independent of the scale of the fiber for sufficiently short wavelengths. Further support for the predictions of the effective index model is given by the variation of the spot size with wavelength,

399 citations

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20215
202021
201933
201821
2017117
2016176