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Topic

Random oracle

About: Random oracle is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4469 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 174802 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Random oracle model & ROM.
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Book ChapterDOI
Dan Boneh1, Matthew K. Franklin2Institutions (2)
19 Aug 2001-
TL;DR: This work proposes a fully functional identity-based encryption scheme (IBE) based on the Weil pairing that has chosen ciphertext security in the random oracle model assuming an elliptic curve variant of the computational Diffie-Hellman problem.
Abstract: We propose a fully functional identity-based encryption scheme (IBE). The scheme has chosen ciphertext security in the random oracle model assuming an elliptic curve variant of the computational Diffie-Hellman problem. Our system is based on the Weil pairing. We give precise definitions for secure identity based encryption schemes and give several applications for such systems.

6,596 citations


Book ChapterDOI
02 May 1999-
TL;DR: A new trapdoor mechanism is proposed and three encryption schemes are derived : a trapdoor permutation and two homomorphic probabilistic encryption schemes computationally comparable to RSA, which are provably secure under appropriate assumptions in the standard model.
Abstract: This paper investigates a novel computational problem, namely the Composite Residuosity Class Problem, and its applications to public-key cryptography. We propose a new trapdoor mechanism and derive from this technique three encryption schemes : a trapdoor permutation and two homomorphic probabilistic encryption schemes computationally comparable to RSA. Our cryptosystems, based on usual modular arithmetics, are provably secure under appropriate assumptions in the standard model.

6,049 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Dan Boneh1, Matthew K. Franklin2Institutions (2)
TL;DR: This work proposes a fully functional identity-based encryption (IBE) scheme based on bilinear maps between groups and gives precise definitions for secure IBE schemes and gives several applications for such systems.
Abstract: We propose a fully functional identity-based encryption (IBE) scheme. The scheme has chosen ciphertext security in the random oracle model assuming a variant of the computational Diffie--Hellman problem. Our system is based on bilinear maps between groups. The Weil pairing on elliptic curves is an example of such a map. We give precise definitions for secure IBE schemes and give several applications for such systems.

5,046 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
Mihir Bellare1, Phillip Rogaway1Institutions (1)
01 Dec 1993-
TL;DR: It is argued that the random oracles model—where all parties have access to a public random oracle—provides a bridge between cryptographic theory and cryptographic practice, and yields protocols much more efficient than standard ones while retaining many of the advantages of provable security.
Abstract: We argue that the random oracle model—where all parties have access to a public random oracle—provides a bridge between cryptographic theory and cryptographic practice. In the paradigm we suggest, a practical protocol P is produced by first devising and proving correct a protocol PR for the random oracle model, and then replacing oracle accesses by the computation of an “appropriately chosen” function h. This paradigm yields protocols much more efficient than standard ones while retaining many of the advantages of provable security. We illustrate these gains for problems including encryption, signatures, and zero-knowledge proofs.

4,977 citations


Book ChapterDOI
Amit Sahai1, Brent Waters2Institutions (2)
22 May 2005-
Abstract: We introduce a new type of Identity-Based Encryption (IBE) scheme that we call Fuzzy Identity-Based Encryption. In Fuzzy IBE we view an identity as set of descriptive attributes. A Fuzzy IBE scheme allows for a private key for an identity, ω, to decrypt a ciphertext encrypted with an identity, ω ′, if and only if the identities ω and ω ′ are close to each other as measured by the “set overlap” distance metric. A Fuzzy IBE scheme can be applied to enable encryption using biometric inputs as identities; the error-tolerance property of a Fuzzy IBE scheme is precisely what allows for the use of biometric identities, which inherently will have some noise each time they are sampled. Additionally, we show that Fuzzy-IBE can be used for a type of application that we term “attribute-based encryption”. In this paper we present two constructions of Fuzzy IBE schemes. Our constructions can be viewed as an Identity-Based Encryption of a message under several attributes that compose a (fuzzy) identity. Our IBE schemes are both error-tolerant and secure against collusion attacks. Additionally, our basic construction does not use random oracles. We prove the security of our schemes under the Selective-ID security model.

3,147 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20225
2021209
2020254
2019256
2018254
2017229