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Rayleigh number

About: Rayleigh number is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 15164 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 367799 citation(s).

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01 Jan 1984
Abstract: Fundamental Principles Laminar Boundary Layer Flow Laminar Duct Flow External Natural Convection Internal Natural Convection Transition to Turbulence Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow Turbulent Duct Flow Free Turbulent Flows Convection with Change of Phase Mass Transfer Convection in Porous Media.

4,063 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Details are given of the computational method used to obtain an accurate solution of the equations describing two-dimensional natural convection in a square cavity with differentially heated side walls. Second-order, central difference approximations were used. Mesh refnement and extrapolation led to solutions for 103⩽Ra⩽10 6 which are believed to be accurate to better than 1 per cent at the highest Rayleigh number and down to one-tenth of that at the lowest value.

2,342 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Heat transfer and fluid flow due to buoyancy forces in a partially heated enclosure using nanofluids is carried out using different types of nanoparticles. The flush mounted heater is located to the left vertical wall with a finite length. The temperature of the right vertical wall is lower than that of heater while other walls are insulated. The finite volume technique is used to solve the governing equations. Calculations were performed for Rayleigh number (103 ⩽ Ra ⩽ 5 × 105), height of heater (0.1 ⩽ h ⩽ 0.75), location of heater (0.25 ⩽ yp ⩽ 0.75), aspect ratio (0.5 ⩽ A ⩽ 2) and volume fraction of nanoparticles (0 ⩽ φ ⩽ 0.2). Different types of nanoparticles were tested. An increase in mean Nusselt number was found with the volume fraction of nanoparticles for the whole range of Rayleigh number. Heat transfer also increases with increasing of height of heater. It was found that the heater location affects the flow and temperature fields when using nanofluids. It was found that the heat transfer enhancement, using nanofluids, is more pronounced at low aspect ratio than at high aspect ratio.

1,538 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The progress in our understanding of several aspects of turbulent Rayleigh-Benard convection is reviewed. The focus is on the question of how the Nusselt number and the Reynolds number depend on the Rayleigh number Ra and the Prandtl number Pr, and on how the thicknesses of the thermal and the kinetic boundary layers scale with Ra and Pr. Non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq effects and the dynamics of the large scale convection roll are addressed as well. The review ends with a list of challenges for future research on the turbulent Rayleigh-Benard system.

1,175 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the complex nature of the natural convection phenomena in enclosures It discusses the two basic configurations of natural convection— that is, a rectangular cavity and a horizontal circular cylinder In rectangular cavities, consideration is given to the two-dimensional convective motion generated by the buoyancy force on the fluid in a rectangle and to the associated heat transfer The two long sides are vertical boundaries held at different temperatures and the short sides can either be heat conducting or insulated Particular attention is given to the different flow regimes that can occur and the heat transfer across the fluid space between the two plane parallel vertical boundaries Although heat transfer by radiation may not be negligible it is independent of the other types of heat transfer and can be fairly accurately calculated separately To formulate the boundary value problem that describes this phenomena it is assumed that: (a) the motion is two-dimensional and steady, (b) the fluid is incompressible and frictional heating is negligible, and (c) the difference between the hot wall and cold wall temperatures is small relative to the absolute temperatures of the cold wall In horizontal circular cylinder, consideration is given to the large Rayleigh number flow with the Prandtl number large and the Grashof number of unit order of the magnitude

918 citations

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