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Reaction rate constant

About: Reaction rate constant is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 42919 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1047932 citation(s). The topic is also known as: reaction rate coefficient.

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9,897 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Kinetic data for the radicals H⋅ and ⋅OH in aqueous solution,and the corresponding radical anions, ⋅O− and eaq−, have been critically pulse radiolysis, flash photolysis and other methods. Rate constants for over 3500 reaction are tabulated, including reaction with molecules, ions and other radicals derived from inorganic and organic solutes.

8,757 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We present a method for calculating the stability of reaction intermediates of electrochemical processes on the basis of electronic structure calculations. We used that method in combination with detailed density functional calculations to develop a detailed description of the free-energy landscape of the electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction over Pt(111) as a function of applied bias. This allowed us to identify the origin of the overpotential found for this reaction. Adsorbed oxygen and hydroxyl are found to be very stable intermediates at potentials close to equilibrium, and the calculated rate constant for the activated proton/electron transfer to adsorbed oxygen or hydroxyl can account quantitatively for the observed kinetics. On the basis of a database of calculated oxygen and hydroxyl adsorption energies, the trends in the oxygen reduction rate for a large number of different transition and noble metals can be accounted for. Alternative reaction mechanisms involving proton/electron transfer to ...

5,473 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The equation of the linear potential sweep voltammogram is derived for any degree of reversibility of the electrochemical reaction for the following methods: surface voltammetry when both the oxidized and the reduced forms are strongly adsorbed, and a Langmuir isotherm is obeyed, thin layer voltammetry, and linear potential sweep coulometry. The results are expressed in one mathematical form valid for the three cases. The transfer coefficient and the rate constant of the electrochemical reaction can be deduced from an experimental study of the variations of the peak potentials as a function of the sweep rate.

5,298 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: One of the active areas in reaction kinetics during the post-war years has been that of electron-transfer reactions. These reactions constitute one type of oxidation-reduction process and include both chemical and electrochemical systems. Many rate constants have now been measured (1-8) and they have stimulated a variety of theoretical studies (9-37). The field has been characterized by a strong interplay of theory and experiment, which now includes the testing of theoretically predicted quantitative correlations (34). Because of a certain unique feature of the purely electron-transfer reactions--the absence of bond rupture in the reaction step--these correlations are unusual. They do not have the arbitrary parameters that occur in theoretical studies of most other reactions in chemical kinetics. This review will be limited to purely electron transfer reactions.

3,503 citations

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No. of papers in the topic in previous years