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Reducing agent

About: Reducing agent is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 10008 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 122295 citation(s). The topic is also known as: reductant & reducer. more


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS1067
Abstract: Reduced graphene oxides (RG-Os) have attracted considerable interest, given their potential applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices and circuits. However, very little is known regarding the chemically induced reduction method of graphene oxide (G-O) in both solution and gas phases, with the exception of the hydrazine-reducing agent, even though it is essential to use the vapour phase for the patterning of hydrophilic G-Os on prepatterned substrates and in situ reduction to hydrophobic RG-Os. In this paper, we report a novel reducing agent system (hydriodic acid with acetic acid (HI-AcOH)) that allows for an efficient, one-pot reduction of a solution-phased RG-O powder and vapour-phased RG-O (VRG-O) paper and thin film. The reducing agent system provided highly qualified RG-Os by mass production, resulting in highly conducting RG-O(HI-AcOH). Moreover, VRG-O(HI-AcOH) paper and thin films were prepared at low temperatures (40 °C) and were found to be applicable to flexible devices. This one-pot method is expected to advance research on highly conducting graphene platelets. more

Topics: Graphene oxide paper (64%), Graphene foam (59%), Graphene (56%) more

1,708 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JA00741A013
Abstract: Sodium cyanohydridoborate (NaBH3CN) reduces a wide variety of organic functional groups with remarkable selectivity. The reduction of aldehydes and ketones is p H dependent, the reaction proceeding readily a t pH 3-4. Oximes a re smoothly reduced to alkylhydroxylamines and enamines are reduced to amines under acid catalysis. Reaction of a n aldehyde or ketone with ammonia, primary amine, or secondary amine a t p H -7 i n the presence of BHaCNleads t o primary, secondary, or tertiary amines, respectively, uia reductive amination of the carbonyl group. Reaction of substituted pyruvic acids with ammonia and BH3CNaffords an excellent method for the synthesis of amino acids; l5N labeling can be accomplished by using I5NH3. The hydrogens of BHICNcan be readily exchanged for either deuterium or tritium, thus permitting the synthesis of deuteriumor tritiumlabeled alcohols, amines, and amino acids. onsiderable attention has been devo ted t o t h e The earlier d iscovery o f the reduc ing p o w e r 4 and t h e acid stability5 of l i t h ium cyanohydr idobora t e encourstudy of modified boron hydrides as selective reducing agents for organic functional g roups . 2.3 2127 (1962); (c) R. Paul and N . Joseph, Bull. SOC. Chem. Fr., 550 (1952); (d) H. C. Brown and E. J. Mead, J . Amer. Chem. SOC., 75, 6263 (1953). (3) (a) H. Noth and H. Beyer, Chem. Ber., 93, 1078 (1960); (b) J. H. Billman and J. W. McDowell, J . Org. Chem., 26, 1437 (1961); (C) s. s. White, Jr., and H. C. Kelly, J . Amer. Chem. Soc., 92, 4203 (1970). and references therein. C (1) (a) Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow; (b) National Institutes of Health Predoctoral Fellow, 1968-1970. Taken in part from the Ph.D. Thesis of H. D. D., University of Minnesota, 1970. (2) (a) H. C. Brown and B. C. Subba Rao, J . Amer. Chem. SOC., 78, 2582 (1956); (b) G. R. Pettit and D. M. Piatak, J . Org. Chem., 27, (4) R. F. Borch and H. D. Durst, ibid., 91, 3996 (1969). Borch, Bernstein, Durst Cyanohydridoborate Anion more

Topics: Reducing agent (60%)

1,698 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/NN1002387
01 Apr 2010-ACS Nano
Abstract: In this paper, we developed a green and facile approach to the synthesis of chemically converted graphene nanosheets (GNS) based on reducing sugars, such as glucose, fructose and sucrose using exfoliated graphite oxide (GO) as precursor. The obtained GNS is characterized with atomic force microscopy, UV−visible absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and so on. The merit of this method is that both the reducing agents themselves and the oxidized products are environmentally friendly. It should be noted that, besides the mild reduction capability to GO, the oxidized products of reducing sugars could also play an important role as a capping reagent in stabilizing as-prepared GNS simultaneously, which exhibited good stability in water. This approach can open up the new possibility for preparing GNS in large-scale production alternatively. Moreover, it is found that GNS-based materials could be of great value for applications in various fields, such as good... more

Topics: Graphite oxide (56%), Graphene (51%), Reducing agent (51%)

1,171 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JP909284G
Xingfa Gao1, Joonkyung Jang1, Shigeru Nagase1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The density functional theory method (M05-2X/6-31G(d)) was used to investigate reaction mechanisms for deoxygenation of graphene oxides (GOs) with hydrazine or heat treatment. Three mechanisms were identified as reducing epoxide groups of GO with hydrazine as a reducing agent. No reaction path was found for the hydrazine-mediated reductions of the hydroxyl, carbonyl, and carboxyl groups of GO. We instead discovered the mechanisms for dehydroxylation, decarbonylation, and decarboxylation using heat treatment. The hydrazine de-epoxidation and thermal dehydroxylation of GO have opposite dependencies on the reaction temperature. In both reduction types, the oxygen functionalities attached to the interior of an aromatic domain in GO are removed more easily, both kinetically and thermodynamically, than those attached at the edges of an aromatic domain. The hydrazine-mediated reductions of epoxide groups at the edges are suspended by forming hydrazino alcohols. We provide atomic-level elucidation for the deoxyge... more

Topics: Hydrazine (55%), Deoxygenation (54%), Decarboxylation (51%) more

922 Citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Paul Caubere

42 papers, 630 citations

Yves Fort

18 papers, 226 citations

Régis Vanderesse

15 papers, 148 citations

Krzysztof Matyjaszewski

6 papers, 1.6K citations

Herbert C. Brown

6 papers, 1.3K citations

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