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Resource (biology)

About: Resource (biology) is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 22428 publications have been published within this topic receiving 313993 citations. The topic is also known as: resource.


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Journal ArticleDOI
Scott Gordon1
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the economic theory of natural resource utilization as it pertains to the fishing industry and showed that most of the problems associated with the words "conservation" or "depletion" or ''overexploitation" in the fishery are, in reality, manifestations of the fact that the natural resources of the sea yield no economic rent.
Abstract: The chief aim of this paper is to examine the economic theory of natural resource utilization as it pertains to the fishing industry. It will appear, I hope, that most of the problems associated with the words “conservation” or “depletion” or “overexploitation” in the fishery are, in reality, manifestations of the fact that the natural resources of the sea yield no economic rent. Fishery resources are unusual in the fact of their common-property nature; but they are not unique, and similar problems are encountered in other cases of common-property resource industries, such as petroleum production, hunting and trapping, etc. Although the theory presented in the following pages is worked out in terms of the fishing industry, it is, I believe, applicable generally to all cases where natural resources are owned in common and exploited under conditions of individualistic competition.

3,409 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The study of psychosocial resources in the examination of well-being has been increasingly turned to the study of psychological resources as discussed by the authors, where resources are being studied and resource models that have been proffered are consider.
Abstract: Psychology has increasingly turned to the study of psychosocial resources in the examination of well-being. How resources are being studied and resource models that have been proffered are consider...

3,321 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
25 Aug 2006-Science
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors focus on the flow of water in natural and artificial reservoirs and reduce the vulnerability of people living under water stress to seasonal patterns and increasing probability of extreme events.
Abstract: Water is a naturally circulating resource that is constantly recharged. Therefore, even though the stocks of water in natural and artificial reservoirs are helpful to increase the available water resources for human society, the flow of water should be the main focus in water resources assessments. The climate system puts an upper limit on the circulation rate of available renewable freshwater resources (RFWR). Although current global withdrawals are well below the upper limit, more than two billion people live in highly water-stressed areas because of the uneven distribution of RFWR in time and space. Climate change is expected to accelerate water cycles and thereby increase the available RFWR. This would slow down the increase of people living under water stress; however, changes in seasonal patterns and increasing probability of extreme events may offset this effect. Reducing current vulnerability will be the first step to prepare for such anticipated changes.

2,814 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a resource model of political participation is developed, where the resources considered are time, money, and civic skills, those communications and organizational capacities that are essential to political activity.
Abstract: This paper develops a resource model of political participation. The resources considered are time, money, and civic skills—those communications and organizational capacities that are essential to political activity. These skills are not only acquired early in life but developed in the nonpolitical institutional settings of adult life: the workplace, organizations, and churches and synagogues. These resources are distributed differentially among groups defined by socioeconomic status. A two-stage least squares analysis shows these resources have powerful effects on overall political activity, thus explaining why socioeconomic status has traditionally been so powerful in predicting participation. We disaggregate overall activity into three kinds of acts: those that involve giving time, those that entail donating money, and voting. Each requires a different configuration of resources resulting in different patterns of stratification across various political acts.

2,262 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a study of Canadian firms in the oil and gas, mining, and forestry industries from 1986 to 1995 showed that both resource-based and institutional factors influence corporate sustainable development.
Abstract: This study operationalizes corporate sustainable development and examines its organizational determinants. Data for this project pertain to Canadian firms in the oil and gas, mining, and forestry industries from 1986 to 1995. I find that both resource-based and institutional factors influence corporate sustainable development. By exploring time-related effects, I also find that media pressures were important in early periods and resource-based opportunities endured over time. This finding challenges the assumption that firms first adopt innovations in response to technical rewards which are later institutionalized. These counter-intuitive results may be attributable to the unique characteristics of the dependent variable, corporate sustainable development. They raise important questions and directions for future research. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2,209 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202222
20211,019
20201,047
20191,026
20181,097
2017976