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Retinography

About: Retinography is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 275 publications have been published within this topic receiving 2471 citations.


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TL;DR: The influence of metabolic syndrome (MS) on markers of preclinical cardiac, renal and retinal damage is analyzed in a wide group of essential hypertensive patients without diabetes mellitus.
Abstract: MuleG, Nardi E, Cottone S, Cusimano P, Volpe V, Piazza G, MongioviR, Mezzatesta G, Andronico G, Cerasola G (Universitadi Palermo, Palermo, Italy). Influence of metabolic syndrome on hypertension-related target organ damage. J Intern Med 2005; 257: 503-513. Objectives. The aim of our study was to analyse, in a wide group of essential hypertensive patients without diabetes mellitus, the influence of metabolic syndrome (MS) (defined according to the criteria laid down in the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults) on markers of preclinical cardiac, renal and retinal damage. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. Outpatient hypertension clinic. Subjects and methods. A total of 353 young and middle-aged hypertensives, free from cardiovascular and renal diseases (and 37% of whom had MS), underwent echocardiographic examination, microalbuminuria determination and non-mydriatic retinography. Results. When compared with subjects without MS, hypertensive patients with MS exhibited more elevated left ventricular (LV) mass (either normalized by body surface area or by height elevated by a power of 2.7), higher myocardial relative wall thickness, albumin excretion rate (AER) and a greater prevalence of LV hypertrophy (57.7% vs. 25.1%; P < 0.00001), of micro- albuminuria (36.2% vs. 19.3%; P ¼ 0.002) and of hypertensive retinopathy (87.7% vs. 48.4%; P < 0.00001). These results held even after correction for age, 24-h blood pressures, duration of hypertension, previous antihypertensive therapy, and gender distribution. The independent relationships between LV mass and MS, and between AER and MS, were confirmed in multivariate regression models including MS together with its individual components. Conclusions. MS may amplify hypertension-related cardiac and renal changes, over and above the potential contribution of each single component of this syndrome. As these markers of target organ damage are well-known predictors of cardiovascular events, our results may partly explain the enhanced cardiovascular risk associated with MS.

143 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Its effectiveness and robustness make this proposed automated OD location and segmentation method a suitable tool to be integrated into a complete prescreening system for early diagnosis of retinal diseases.

100 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Though high-dose systemic corticosteroids remain gold-standard therapy, refractory cases may need other agents (cyclosporine A, anti-metabolites and biological agents).

95 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: No significant change occurred in liver, renal or cardiac function, ECG and radionucleotide angiocardiogram, in audiometry tests and in visual function and electrical retinography, and two patients died of their underlying diseases and another patient showed a change in granulocyte or platelet count.
Abstract: Summary 1.2-Dimethyl-3-hydroxypyrid-4-one (L1) has been given daily for 1-15 months to 13 transfusion dependent iron loaded patients. No significant change occurred in liver, renal or cardiac function, ECG and radionucleotide angiocardiogram, in audiometry tests and in visual function and electrical retinography. No skin rashes, gastrointestinal symptoms and no neurological changes that could be detected clinically were observed. Two of the patients died of their underlying diseases. One patient had severe cardiac abnormalities before receiving L1 and died of congestive heart failure with infections 5 weeks after stopping a 2-month course of L1. The other, a patient with myelodysplasia suffered recurring infections due to progression of the disease. Joint and muscle pains occurred in five patients. In two these disappeared despite continuing the drug: another patient developed swollen ankle joints which gradually resolved on stopping L1 therapy: a patient with underlying osteoarthritis complained of mild pain and stiffness in her knees which remained intermittent both on and off the drug while in the fifth patient peripheral small joint swelling and pain present before starting L1 improved with L1 therapy. One patient, with Blackfan Diamond anaemia, developed a L, red cell antibody 6 months after commencing L1. This disappeared on stopping the drug and did not reappear. She then developed severe agranulocytosis and thrombocytopenia 6 weeks after recommencing L1 after 3 months discontinuation of the drug. No other patient showed a change in granulocyte or platelet count.

91 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A very large fraction of untreated, recently diagnosed hypertensive patients have initial retinal microvascular abnormalities detectable by non-mydriatic retinography, and fundoscopic examination has a limited clinical value to detect widespread organ involvement in early phases of grade 1 and 2 hypertension.
Abstract: Background and purpose The clinical and prognostic significance of initial retinal alterations in hypertensive patients remains controversial. Therefore, we assessed the relationship of microvascular abnormalities with prognostically validated markers of target organ damage (TOD), such as left ventricular mass (LVM), carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and microalbuminuria, in early stages of untreated essential hypertension. Methods A total of 437 consecutive, never-treated patients with grade 1 or 2 essential hypertension, referred to our outpatient clinic, underwent the following procedures: (1) clinical and routine laboratory examinations, (2) 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, (3) 24-h urine collection for microalbuminuria, (4) echocardiography, (5) carotid ultrasonography, (6) non-mydriatic retinography. Patients were divided into group I, with either a normal retinal pattern (n=65, 14.9%) or arteriolar narrowing (n=185, 42.4%) and group II with arteriovenous crossings (n=187, 42.7%). Results The two groups were similar for gender, body mass index, smoking habit, heart rate, clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) values, while mean age was slightly but significantly higher in group II than in group I (47.6 +/- 10.7 versus 44.5 +/- 12.5 years, P=0.008). No differences occurred between the two groups in LVM index (101.8 +/- 18.5 versus 99.9 +/- 20.4 g/m), carotid IMT (0.67 +/- 0.12 versus 0.66 +/- 0.20 mm), urinary albumin excretion rate (14.4 +/- 27.7 versus 13.3 +/- 27.7 mg/24 h) as well as in the prevalence of LV hypertrophy (14.3 versus 14.0%), IM thickening and/or plaques (26.5 versus 27.2%) (both defined according to 2003 ESH-ESC guidelines) and microalbuminuria (10.1 versus 8.7%). Furthermore, the three different retinal artery patterns were similarly distributed among tertiles of LV mass index, IMT and urinary albumin excretion rate. Conclusions These results show that: (1) a very large fraction (more than 80%) of untreated, recently diagnosed hypertensive patients have initial retinal microvascular abnormalities detectable by non-mydriatic retinography, (2) the presence of arteriovenous crossings is not associated with more prominent cardiac and extracardiac TOD, (3) fundoscopic examination has a limited clinical value to detect widespread organ involvement in early phases of grade 1 and 2 hypertension.

85 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20221
202115
202019
201922
201815
201721