Topic

# Revolute joint

About: Revolute joint is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 3835 publications have been published within this topic receiving 52995 citations.

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05 Aug 1995TL;DR: It is proposed that for natural tasks, zero motion force bandwidth isn't everything, and incorporating series elasticity as a purposeful element within the actuator is a good idea.

Abstract: It is traditional to make the interface between an actuator and its load as stiff as possible. Despite this tradition, reducing interface stiffness offers a number of advantages, including greater shock tolerance, lower reflected inertia, more accurate and stable force control, less inadvertent damage to the environment, and the capacity for energy storage. As a trade-off, reducing interface stiffness also lowers zero motion force bandwidth. In this paper, the authors propose that for natural tasks, zero motion force bandwidth isn't everything, and incorporating series elasticity as a purposeful element within the actuator is a good idea. The authors use the term elasticity instead of compliance to indicate the presence of a passive mechanical spring in the actuator. After a discussion of the trade-offs inherent in series elastic actuators, the authors present a control system for their use under general force or impedance control. The authors conclude with test results from a revolute series-elastic actuator meant for the arms of the MIT humanoid robot Cog and for a small planetary rover.

2,309 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a new method for calculating the acceleration of a robot in response to given actuator forces is described, which is applicable to open-loop kinematic chains containing revolute and prismatic joints.

Abstract: This paper describes a new method for calculating the acceleration of a robot in response to given actuator forces. The method is applicable to open-loop kinematic chains containing revolute and prismatic joints. The algorithm is based on recursive formulas involving quantities called articulated-body inertias, which represent the inertia properties of collections of rigid bodies connected together by joints allowing constrained relative motion between the bodies. A new, matrix-based notation is introduced to represent articulated-body inertias and other spatial quantities. This notation is used to develop the algorithm, and results in a compact representation of the equations. The new algorithm has a computational requirement that varies linearly with the number of joints, and its efficiency is compared with other published algorithms.

590 citations

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01 Jun 1987TL;DR: A simple and efficient algorithm, using configuration space, to plan collision-free motions for general manipulators and an implementation of the algorithm for manipulators made up of revolute joints is described.

Abstract: A simple and efficient algorithm is presented, using configuration space, to plan collision-free motions for general manipulators. An implementation of the algorithm for manipulators made up of revolute joints is also presented. The configuration-space obstacles for an n degree-of-freedom manipulator are approximated by sets of n - 1- dimensional slices, recursively built up from one-dimensional slices. This obstacle representation leads to an efficient approximation of the free space outside of the configuration-space obstacles.

581 citations

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28 Nov 2001TL;DR: In this article, the application of modern control theory to some important underactuated mechanical systems is discussed, such as the inverted pendulum, the pendubot, the Furuta pendulum and the inertia wheel pendulum.

Abstract: From the Publisher:
This book deals with the application of modern control theory to some important underactuated mechanical systems. It presents modelling and control of the following systems:||- the inverted pendulum||- a convey-crane system||- the pendubot system||- the Furuta pendulum||- the inertia wheel pendulum||- the planar flexible-joint robot||- the planar manipulator with two prismatic and one revolute joints||- the ball & beam system||- the hovercraft model||- the planar vertical and take-off landing (PVTOL) aircraft||- the helicopter model on a platform||- the helicopter model||In every case the model is obtained in detail using either the Euler-Lagrange formulation or the Newton's second law. We develop control algorithms for every particular system using techniques such as passivity, energy-based Lyapunov functions, forwarding, backstepping or feedback linearization techniques.||This book will be of great value for PhD students and researchers in the areas of non-linear control systems.

578 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the point-to-point control of a manipulator with three revolute elastic joints is considered and it is shown that a simple PD controller, similar to that used for rigid robots, suffices to globally stabilize the elastic joint robots about a reference position.

Abstract: The point-to-point control of manipulators having elastic joints is considered. It is shown that a simple PD (proportional plus derivative) controller, similar to that used for rigid robots, suffices to globally stabilize the elastic joint robots about a reference position. A robustness analysis is also given with respect to uncertainties on the robot parameters. The results of numerical simulation tests of a manipulator with three revolute elastic joints are presented. >

539 citations