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Topic

Robot

About: Robot is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 103823 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1349465 citation(s). The topic is also known as: bot & robo.


Papers
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Book
01 Jun 1991
TL;DR: A new architecture for controlling mobile robots is described, building a robust and flexible robot control system that has been used to control a mobile robot wandering around unconstrained laboratory areas and computer machine rooms.
Abstract: A new architecture for controlling mobile robots is described. Layers of control system are built to let the robot operate at increasing levels of competence. Layers are made up of asynchronous modules that communicate over low-bandwidth channels. Each module is an instance of a fairly simple computational machine. Higher-level layers can subsume the roles of lower levels by suppressing their outputs. However, lower levels continue to function as higher levels are added. The result is a robust and flexible robot control system. The system has been used to control a mobile robot wandering around unconstrained laboratory areas and computer machine rooms. Eventually it is intended to control a robot that wanders the office areas of our laboratory, building maps of its surroundings using an onboard arm to perform simple tasks.

7,657 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Mar 1986
Abstract: A new architecture for controlling mobile robots is described. Layers of control system are built to let the robot operate at increasing levels of competence. Layers are made up of asynchronous modules that communicate over low-bandwidth channels. Each module is an instance of a fairly simple computational machine. Higher-level layers can subsume the roles of lower levels by suppressing their outputs. However, lower levels continue to function as higher levels are added. The result is a robust and flexible robot control system. The system has been used to control a mobile robot wandering around unconstrained laboratory areas and computer machine rooms. Eventually it is intended to control a robot that wanders the office areas of our laboratory, building maps of its surroundings using an onboard arm to perform simple tasks.

7,154 citations

Book
01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: This research presents a novel approach to planning and navigation algorithms that exploit statistics gleaned from uncertain, imperfect real-world environments to guide robots toward their goals and around obstacles.
Abstract: Planning and navigation algorithms exploit statistics gleaned from uncertain, imperfect real-world environments to guide robots toward their goals and around obstacles.

5,967 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Aug 1996
TL;DR: Experimental results show that path planning can be done in a fraction of a second on a contemporary workstation (/spl ap/150 MIPS), after learning for relatively short periods of time (a few dozen seconds).
Abstract: A new motion planning method for robots in static workspaces is presented. This method proceeds in two phases: a learning phase and a query phase. In the learning phase, a probabilistic roadmap is constructed and stored as a graph whose nodes correspond to collision-free configurations and whose edges correspond to feasible paths between these configurations. These paths are computed using a simple and fast local planner. In the query phase, any given start and goal configurations of the robot are connected to two nodes of the roadmap; the roadmap is then searched for a path joining these two nodes. The method is general and easy to implement. It can be applied to virtually any type of holonomic robot. It requires selecting certain parameters (e.g., the duration of the learning phase) whose values depend on the scene, that is the robot and its workspace. But these values turn out to be relatively easy to choose, Increased efficiency can also be achieved by tailoring some components of the method (e.g., the local planner) to the considered robots. In this paper the method is applied to planar articulated robots with many degrees of freedom. Experimental results show that path planning can be done in a fraction of a second on a contemporary workstation (/spl ap/150 MIPS), after learning for relatively short periods of time (a few dozen seconds).

4,454 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A betterment process for the operation of a mechanical robot in a sense that it betters the nextoperation of a robot by using the previous operation's data is proposed.
Abstract: This article proposes a betterment process for the operation of a mechanical robot in a sense that it betters the next operation of a robot by using the previous operation's data. The process has an iterative learning structure such that the (k + 1)th input to joint actuators consists of the kth input plus an error increment composed of the derivative difference between the kth motion trajectory and the given desired motion trajectory. The convergence of the process to the desired motion trajectory is assured under some reasonable conditions. Numerical results by computer simulation are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed learning scheme.

2,966 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2022117
20214,854
20206,964
20197,857
20187,393
20176,679